Lasting powers of attorney: restrictions
13.—(1)  A donee under a lasting power of attorney (or, if more than one, any of them) may only make decisions under the lasting power of attorney where P lacks, or the donee reasonably believes that P lacks capacity.
(2)  A lasting power of attorney does not authorise the donee (or, if more than one, any of them) to do an act that is intended to restrain P, unless 2 further conditions are satisfied.
(3)  The first condition is that the donee reasonably believes that it is necessary to do the act in order to prevent harm to P.
(4)  The second condition is that the act is a proportionate response to —
(a)the likelihood of P’s suffering harm; and
(b)the seriousness of that harm.
(5)  For the purposes of this section, the donee restrains P if he —
(a)uses, or threatens to use, force to secure the doing of an act which P resists; or
(b)restricts P’s liberty of movement, whether or not P resists,
or if he authorises another person to do any of those things.
(6)  Subject to subsection (8), where a lasting power of attorney authorises the donee (or, if more than one, any of them) to make decisions about P’s personal welfare, the authority extends to giving or refusing consent to the carrying out or continuation of a treatment by a person providing health care for P if, and only if, the instrument contains express provision to that effect.
(7)  For the purposes of subsection (6), treatment, in relation to P, includes the conduct of a clinical trial on P.
(7A)  Where a lasting power of attorney authorises the donee (or, if more than one, any of them) to make decisions about P’s personal welfare, the authority extends to giving, refusing or revoking appropriate consent involving P under the Human Biomedical Research Act 2015 if, and only if, the instrument contains express provision to that effect.
[Act 29 of 2015 wef 01/11/2017]
(8)  Notwithstanding anything in the lasting power of attorney, a donee authorised to make decisions about P’s personal welfare may not make any decision with respect to the carrying out or continuation of —
(a)life-sustaining treatment on P, whether or not amounting to extraordinary life-sustaining treatment within the meaning of section 2 of the Advance Medical Directive Act (Cap. 4A); or
(b)any other treatment on P which a person providing health care reasonably believes is necessary to prevent a serious deterioration in P’s condition.
(9)  Notwithstanding anything in the lasting power of attorney, a donee authorised to make decisions about P’s property and affairs may not —
(a)make, on P’s behalf, any nomination under section 49L(2) or 49M(2) of the Insurance Act (Cap. 142);
(b)where any nomination under section 49L(2) or 49M(2) of the Insurance Act has been made by P or by the court on P’s behalf, revoke, on P’s behalf, that nomination under section 49L(7) or 49M(4), as the case may be, of that Act; or
(c)execute a will for P.
[3/2009]
(9A)  Notwithstanding anything in the lasting power of attorney, a donee authorised to make decisions about P’s property and affairs may not —
(a)execute under section 15(6A) or 25(1) of the Central Provident Fund Act (Cap. 36), on P’s behalf, any memorandum under section 25(1) of that Act; or
(b)where any such memorandum has been executed, or any nomination has been made under section 25(1) of that Act, by P or by the court on P’s behalf, revoke, on P’s behalf, that memorandum or nomination, as the case may be.
[18/2009]
(10)  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, a person dealing with a donee in matters relating to P’s property may require the donee to produce a certificate from a registered medical practitioner stating that P’s lack of capacity is likely to be permanent, and if the donee fails to produce such certificate, the person may refuse to accept the donee’s authority to make decisions for P in such matters.
(11)  This section is without prejudice to any other power conferred on a donee of a lasting power of attorney under any other written law.
[UK MCA 2005, s. 11]
Scope of lasting powers of attorney: gifts
14.—(1)  Where a lasting power of attorney confers authority to make decisions about P’s property and affairs, it does not authorise a donee (or, if more than one, any of them) to dispose of the donor’s property by making gifts except to the extent permitted under subsections (2) and (3).
(2)  The donee may make gifts if, and only if, the lasting power of attorney contains express authorisation to that effect.
(3)  Where the express authorisation in the lasting power of attorney does not specify the value of the gift or gifts to be made, the donee —
(a)may make a gift or gifts of such value which are not unreasonable having regard to all the circumstances and, in particular, the size of the donor’s estate; and
(b)must have regard to the principle in section 6(6).
(4)  Subsection (3) is without prejudice to section 11(4).