Criminal trespass
Criminal trespass
441.  Whoever enters into or upon property in the possession of another with intent to commit an offence or to intimidate, insult or annoy any person in possession of such property, or having lawfully entered into or upon such property, unlawfully remains there with intent thereby to intimidate, insult or annoy any such person, or with intent to commit an offence, is said to commit “criminal trespass”.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 441]
House-breaking
442.  Whoever commits criminal trespass by entering into, or remaining in, any building, tent, container or vessel used as a human dwelling, or any building used as a place for worship or as a place for the custody of property, is said to commit “house‑breaking”.
     Explanation.—The introduction of any part of the criminal trespasser’s body is entering sufficient to constitute house-breaking.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 442]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
443.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
444.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
445.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
446.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
Punishment for criminal trespass
447.  Whoever commits criminal trespass shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 months, or with fine which may extend to $1,500, or with both.
[51/2007]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 447]
Punishment for house-breaking
448.  Whoever commits house-breaking shall be guilty of an offence and shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
[51/2007]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 448]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
House-breaking in order to commit an offence punishable with death
449.  Whoever commits house-breaking in order to commit any offence punishable with death, shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 15 years, and shall, if he is not sentenced to imprisonment for life, also be liable to fine.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 449]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
House-breaking in order to commit an offence punishable with imprisonment for life
450.  Whoever commits house-breaking in order to commit any offence punishable with imprisonment for life, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding 15 years, and shall also be liable to fine.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 450]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
House-breaking in order to commit an offence punishable with imprisonment
451.  Whoever commits house-breaking in order to commit any offence punishable with imprisonment, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, and shall also be liable to fine.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 451]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
House-breaking after preparation made for causing hurt, etc.
452.  Whoever commits house-breaking, having made preparation for causing hurt to any person, or for assaulting any person, or for wrongfully restraining any person, or for putting any person in fear of hurt or of assault, or of wrongful restraint, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, and shall also be liable to fine, or to caning.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 452]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
Possession of house-breaking implements or offensive weapons
453.—(1)  Any person who is found —
(a)armed with any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any instrument which, used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death, without lawful authority or a lawful purpose;
(b)having his face covered or otherwise found disguised with intent to commit any offence; or
(c)equipped with any article or instrument for use in the course of or in connection with any house-breaking,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both; and any instrument or article, mentioned in paragraph (a) or (c), found in the possession of that person shall be forfeited.
(2)  In any prosecution for an offence under subsection (1)(a), it is sufficient for the prosecution to allege and prove that the accused was found to be armed with any instrument mentioned in paragraph (a) and the burden is then on the accused to show that he had lawful authority or a lawful purpose to be so armed.
(3)  An article or instrument is presumed to be carried with lawful authority if it is carried by —
(a)any member of the Singapore Armed Forces, the Singapore Police Force, the Singapore Civil Defence Force or any auxiliary police force created under any written law;
(b)a forensic specialist, civilian police assistant or law enforcement officer acting in the course of his duty as such in accordance with the Police Force Act (Cap. 235);
(c)any visiting force lawfully present in Singapore under the provisions of any law relating to visiting forces; or
(d)any person as part of his official or ceremonial dress on any official or ceremonial occasion.
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
454.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
455.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
456.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
457.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
458.  [Repealed by Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
Punishment for subsequent offence under section 449, 450, 451 or 452
458A.  Whoever, having been convicted of an offence under section 449, 450, 451 or 452, commits an offence under section 449, 450, 451 or 452 shall be liable to caning in addition to the punishment prescribed for that offence.
[23/84]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
Grievous hurt caused while committing house-breaking
459.  Whoever, while committing house-breaking, causes grievous hurt to any person, or attempts to cause death or grievous hurt to any person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 3 years and not more than 20 years and with caning.
[23/84]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 459]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
House-breaking when death or grievous hurt caused
460.  If, at the time of the committing of house-breaking, any person guilty of such offence voluntarily causes or attempts to cause death or grievous hurt to any person, every person jointly concerned in committing such house-breaking, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 3 years and not more than 20 years.
[23/84]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 460]
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]
Dishonestly breaking open any closed receptacle containing or supposed to contain property
461.  Whoever dishonestly, or with intent to commit mischief, breaks open or unfastens any closed receptacle which contains or which he believes to contain property, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 461]
Punishment for same offence when committed by person entrusted with custody
462.  Whoever, being entrusted with any closed receptacle which contains or which he believes to contain property, without having authority to open the same, dishonestly, or with intent to commit mischief, breaks open or unfastens that receptacle, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
[Indian PC 1860, s. 462]