Consent required
13.  An organisation shall not, on or after the appointed day, collect, use or disclose personal data about an individual unless —
(a)the individual gives, or is deemed to have given, his consent under this Act to the collection, use or disclosure, as the case may be; or
(b)the collection, use or disclosure, as the case may be, without the consent of the individual is required or authorised under this Act or any other written law.
Provision of consent
14.—(1)  An individual has not given consent under this Act for the collection, use or disclosure of personal data about the individual by an organisation for a purpose unless —
(a)the individual has been provided with the information required under section 20; and
(b)the individual provided his consent for that purpose in accordance with this Act.
(2)  An organisation shall not —
(a)as a condition of providing a product or service, require an individual to consent to the collection, use or disclosure of personal data about the individual beyond what is reasonable to provide the product or service to that individual; or
(b)obtain or attempt to obtain consent for collecting, using or disclosing personal data by providing false or misleading information with respect to the collection, use or disclosure of the personal data, or using deceptive or misleading practices.
(3)  Any consent given in any of the circumstances in subsection (2) is not validly given for the purposes of this Act.
(4)  In this Act, references to consent given, or deemed to have been given, by an individual for the collection, use or disclosure of personal data about the individual shall include consent given, or deemed to have been given, by any person validly acting on behalf of that individual for the collection, use or disclosure of such personal data.
Deemed consent
15.—(1)  An individual is deemed to consent to the collection, use or disclosure of personal data about the individual by an organisation for a purpose if —
(a)the individual, without actually giving consent referred to in section 14, voluntarily provides the personal data to the organisation for that purpose; and
(b)it is reasonable that the individual would voluntarily provide the data.
(2)  If an individual gives, or is deemed to have given, consent to the disclosure of personal data about the individual by one organisation to another organisation for a particular purpose, the individual is deemed to consent to the collection, use or disclosure of the personal data for that particular purpose by that other organisation.
Withdrawal of consent
16.—(1)  On giving reasonable notice to the organisation, an individual may at any time withdraw any consent given, or deemed to have been given under this Act, in respect of the collection, use or disclosure by that organisation of personal data about the individual for any purpose.
(2)  On receipt of the notice referred to in subsection (1), the organisation concerned shall inform the individual of the likely consequences of withdrawing his consent.
(3)  An organisation shall not prohibit an individual from withdrawing his consent to the collection, use or disclosure of personal data about the individual, but this section shall not affect any legal consequences arising from such withdrawal.
(4)  Subject to section 25, if an individual withdraws consent to the collection, use or disclosure of personal data about the individual by an organisation for any purpose, the organisation shall cease (and cause its data intermediaries and agents to cease) collecting, using or disclosing the personal data, as the case may be, unless such collection, use or disclosure, as the case may be, without the consent of the individual is required or authorised under this Act or other written law.
Collection, use and disclosure without consent
17.—(1)  An organisation may collect personal data about an individual, without consent or from a source other than the individual, only in the circumstances and subject to any condition in the Second Schedule.
(2)  An organisation may use personal data about an individual, without the consent of the individual, only in the circumstances and subject to any condition in the Third Schedule.
(3)  An organisation may disclose personal data about an individual, without the consent of the individual, only in the circumstances and subject to any condition in the Fourth Schedule.