REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
GOVERNMENT GAZETTE
ACTS SUPPLEMENT
Published by Authority

NO. 20]Friday, August 26 [1988

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 11th August 1988 and assented to by the President on 16th August 1988:—
Employment (Amendment) Act 1988

(No. 21 of 1988)


I assent.

WEE KIM WEE
President.
16th August 1988.
Date of Commencement: 26th August 1988
An Act to amend the Employment Act (Chapter 91 of the 1985 Revised Edition).
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
Short title and commencement
1.  This Act may be cited as the Employment (Amendment) Act 1988 and shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint.
Repeal and re-enactment of sections 48, 49 and 50
2.  Sections 48, 49 and 50 of the Employment Act are repealed and the following sections substituted therefor:
Payment of annual wage supplement or other variable payment
48.—(1)  Where a contract of service or collective agreement made before the commencement of the Employment (Amendment) Act 1988 provides for the payment by the employer of any annual wage supplement, annual bonus or annual wage increase, such payments shall continue to be payable by the employer until the employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees have negotiated and agreed to vary such payments.
(2)  An employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees may negotiate for and agree to a variable payment based on the trading results or productivity or on any other criteria agreed upon by the parties concerned.
(3)  (a)  Where an employer has not paid any annual wage supplement prior to the date of commencement of the Employment (Amendment) Act 1988, any contract of service or collective agreement made on or after that date between the employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees shall not contain a provision for the payment of an annual wage supplement exceeding the equivalent of one month’s wages of the employees.

(b)Any person who, or any trade union of employees which, requests (whether orally or in writing) or invites negotiations for the payment by an employer of an annual wage supplement which is in excess of the amount specified in paragraph (a) and any employer who pays an annual wage supplement exceeding the amount specified in paragraph (a) shall be guilty of an offence.

(4)  Notwithstanding that an annual wage supplement may be payable under subsection (1) or (3), an employer may, in the event of exceptionally poor business results for any year, invite the employees or a trade union representing his employees to negotiate for a lower quantum of annual wage supplement or for no annual wage supplement to be paid for that year.
Power of Minister to make recommendations for wage adjustments
49.  The Minister may, from time to time, make recommendations for wage adjustment and upon the publication of such recommendations in the Gazette the employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees may negotiate based on such recommendations.
Interpretation for purposes of sections 48 and 49
50.—(1)  Where a notice is served under section 17 of the Industrial Relations Act (Cap. 136) by an employer or a trade union representing his employees in respect of any matter referred to in sections 48 and 49 and no agreement is reached between the parties, either party may, notwithstanding the provisions of the Industrial Relations Act, refer the matter to the Industrial Arbitration Court established under the Industrial Relations Act for arbitration.
(2)  For the purposes of sections 48 and 49 —
“annual wage supplement” means a single annual payment to employees that is supplemental to the total amount of annual wages earned by them, whether expressed as a percentage thereof or otherwise;
“variable payment” means such payment, however expressed and whether paid annually or otherwise, which serves as an incentive to all employees to increase their productivity or as a reward for their contribution;
“wages” means the basic wages payable to an employee in respect of work done under his contract of service but does not include any commission, overtime allowance or other allowances payable to an employee.”.