REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
GOVERNMENT GAZETTE
ACTS SUPPLEMENT
Published by Authority

NO. 27]Friday, November 30 [1990

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 9th November 1990 and assented to by the President on 21st November 1990:—
Income Tax (Amendment No. 2) Act 1990

(No. 23 of 1990)


I assent.

WEE KIM WEE
President.
21st November 1990.
Date of Commencement: 30th November 1990
An Act to amend the Income Tax Act (Chapter 134 of the 1985 Revised Edition).
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Income Tax (Amendment No. 2) Act 1990.
Amendment of section 10
2.  Section 10 of the Income Tax Act (referred to in this Act as the principal Act) is amended by inserting, immediately after subsection (10), the following subsection:
(11)  Any distribution made by a unit trust approved under section 10B out of gains or profits derived on or after 1st July 1989 from the disposal of securities and which have not been subject to tax shall be deemed to be income if received by a unit holder except where the unit holder is —
(a)an individual resident in Singapore; or
(b)a person who is not resident in Singapore and has no permanent establishment in Singapore.”.
Amendment of section 10A
3.  Section 10A (2) of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “, and includes any unit trust” in the definition of “investment company”;
(b)by deleting the word “or” at the end of paragraph (a) of the definition of “securities”;and
(c)by deleting the full-stop at the end of paragraph (b) of the definition of “securities” and substituting the word “; or”, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following paragraph:
(c)units in any unit trust within the meaning of section 10B.”.
New sections 10B and 10C
4.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 10A, the following sections:
Profits of unit trusts
10B.—(1)  Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, the Minister may by regulations —
(a)provide that tax on gains or profits derived on or after 1st July 1989 from the disposal of securities by an approved unit trust shall be levied and paid for each year of assessment by the trustees upon such percentage of the gains or profits and in such manner as may be prescribed;
(b)provide for the deduction of such percentage of the losses arising from the disposal of securities in such manner as may be prescribed;
(c)provide for the deduction of expenses allowable under this Act to be granted in such manner as may be prescribed;
(d)provide for the deduction of tax by the trustees of the unit trust on any distribution received by a unit holder which is deemed to be income under section 10(11).
(2)  In this section —
“approved” means approved by the Minister or such other person as he may appoint;
“securities” has the same meaning as in section 10A;
“unit” means a right or interest (whether described as a unit, a sub-unit or otherwise) which may be acquired under a unit trust;
“unit trust” means any trust established for the purpose, or having the effect, of providing facilities for the participation by persons as beneficiaries under a trust, in profits or income arising from the acquisition, holding, management or disposal of securities or any other property.
Excess contributions deemed to be income
10C.—(1)  Notwithstanding section 13(1)(j), where in any year from 1st January 1989 contributions have been made by an employer in respect of an employee under section 7 of the Central Provident Fund Act (Cap. 36) —
(a)any part of the employer’s contributions, in respect of ordinary or additional wages paid to the employee in that year, which is not obligatory under that Act; or
(b)the employer’s contributions in respect of that part of the additional wages which exceeds 40% of all ordinary wages paid to the employee in that year,
shall be deemed to be income accruing to the employee for the year in which the wages are paid.
(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1)(b), where in any year from 1st January 1989 all the ordinary wages of an employee paid in that year do not exceed $72,000, and his total wages paid in the same year —
(a)do not exceed $100,000, the excess contributions under subsection (1)(b) shall not be deemed to be income accruing to the employee;
(b)exceed $100,000, only that part of such excess contributions made in respect of the difference between the total wages and $100,000 shall be deemed to be income accruing to the employee.
(3)  Where in any year from 1st January 1989 contributions under section 7 of the Central Provident Fund Act (Cap. 36) have been made in respect of an employee employed by two or more employers and the employers are related to each other, subsection (2) shall apply with the necessary modifications as if all the ordinary and additional wages from those related employers and the contributions on those wages were paid by one employer.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), one employer shall be deemed to be related to another where one of them, whether directly or indirectly, has the ability to control the other or where both of them, whether directly or indirectly, are under the control of a common person.
(5)  Subsections (1) to (4) shall apply with the necessary modifications to contributions made by an employer to a designated pension or provident fund as if those contributions were employer’s contributions to the Central Provident Fund.
(6)  Subsection (1) shall apply with the necessary modifications to contributions made to an approved pension or provident fund in respect of an employee who at the same time has no contribution made by his employer to the Central Provident Fund as if the contributions to the approved pension or provident fund were employer’s contributions made to the Central Provident Fund.
(7)  Where in any year from 1st January 1989 contributions have been made by an employer in respect of an employee to the Central Provident Fund or to a designated pension or provident fund, in addition to any other approved pension or provident fund, the whole of the contributions made to that approved pension or provident fund shall be deemed to be income accruing to the employee for the year in which the contributions are paid.
(8)  In this section —
“additional wages” has the same meaning as in the Central Provident Fund Act (Cap. 36);
“designated pension or provident fund” means an approved pension or provident fund designated by the Minister under section 39(6)(c);
“employer’s contributions” means the contributions made by any employer under section 7(1) of the Central Provident Fund Act less the amount of contributions recoverable by the employer from the wages of an employee under section 7(2) of that Act;
“ordinary wages” has the same meaning as “ordinary wages for the month” in the Central Provident Fund Act;
“total wages”, in relation to any year, means the total of the ordinary and additional wages in that year received by an employee;
“year” means any year from 1st January to 31st December.”.
Amendment of section 14
5.  Section 14 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the words “1st July 1989” in sub-paragraph (i) (J) of the proviso to subsection (1)(e), the words “and before 1st July 1990”; and
(b)by deleting the comma at the end of sub-paragraph (i) (J) of the proviso to subsection (1)(e) and substituting a semicolon, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following sub-paragraph:
(K)commencing on or after lst July 1990 shall not exceed 161/2%,”.
Amendment of section 14F
6.  Section 14F of the principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after the words “section 10A” at the end of subsection (4), the words “or any unit trust which has been approved under section 10B”.
Amendment of section 39
7.  Section 39 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “shall” in the tenth line of subsection (2)(e), the words “, subject to subsection (6),”;
(b)by deleting paragraph (ii) of the proviso to subsection (2)(e) and substituting the following paragraph:
(ii)no deduction shall be allowed in excess of $5,000 except that where the contributions recoverable under section 7(2) of the Central Provident Fund Act (Cap. 36) or the contributions made on or after 1st January 1989 to an approved pension or provident fund exceed $5,000, the excess contributions shall be allowed as a deduction;”;
(c)by deleting the words “to a designated” in the second line of paragraph (vi) of the proviso to subsection (2)(e) and substituting the words “on or after 1st January 1989 to an approved”; and
(d)by inserting, immediately after subsection (5), the following subsection:
(6)  (a)  Where in any year from 1st January 1989 an individual has made contributions to the Central Provident Fund in respect of additional wages paid to him in that year, no such deduction shall include any contributions in respect of that part of the additional wages which exceeds 40% of all ordinary wages paid to him in that year, except —

(i)where all his ordinary wages paid in that year do not exceed $72,000 and his total wages paid in the same year do not exceed $100,000; or

(ii)where all his ordinary wages paid in that year do not exceed $72,000 but his total wages paid in the same year exceed $100,000, the contributions on that part of his total wages up to $100,000 shall be allowed as a deduction.

(b)Where in any year from 1st January 1989 an individual is employed by two or more employers and the employers are related to each other within the meaning of section 10C(4), paragraph (a) shall apply with the necessary modifications, as if all the ordinary and additional wages from those related employers were paid by one employer.

(c)Paragraphs (a) and (b) shall apply with the necessary modifications to contributions made by an individual to an approved pension or provident fund as if those contributions were contributions made to the Central Provident Fund:

Provided that sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) of paragraph (a) shall only apply to an approved pension or provident fund designated by the Minister for this purpose.

(d)Where in any year from 1st January 1989 an individual has made contributions to the Central Provident Fund or to a pension or provident fund designated under paragraph (c), in addition to any other approved pension or provident fund, no deduction shall be allowed in respect of the whole of the contributions made to that approved pension or provident fund.

(e)In this subsection —

“additional wages” has the same meaning as in the Central Provident Fund Act (Cap. 36);
“ordinary wages” has the same meaning as “ordinary wages for the month” in the Central Provident Fund Act;
“total wages”, in relation to any year, means the total of the ordinary and additional wages in that year received by an employee;
“year” means any year from 1st January to 31st December.”.

New section 45C
8.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 45B, the following section:
Application of section 45 to distribution by unit trust
45C.  Section 45 shall apply in relation to any distribution made by a unit trust and which is deemed to be income under section 10(11) as that section applies to any interest paid by a person to another person not known to him to be resident in Singapore and, for the purpose of such application, any reference in that section to interest shall be construed as a reference to such distribution.”.
Amendment of section 46
9.  Section 46 of the principal Act is amended by deleting the words “or 45A” in subsection (1) (a) and, substituting the words “, 45A or 45C”.
Remission of tax
10.  There shall be remitted 5% of the tax payable for the year of assessment 1990 by an individual or Hindu joint family resident in Singapore and the amount of such remission shall be determined by the Comptroller.