REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
GOVERNMENT GAZETTE
ACTS SUPPLEMENT
Published by Authority

NO. 2]Friday, February 1 [2008

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 23rd October 2007 and assented to by the President on 6th November 2007:—
Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2007

(No. 51 of 2007)


I assent.

S R NATHAN,
President.
6th November 2007.
Date of Commencement: 1st February 2008
An Act to amend the Penal Code (Chapter 224 of the 1985 Revised Edition) and to make related and consequential amendments to certain other written laws.
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
Short title and commencement
1.  This Act may be cited as the Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2007 and shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint.
New section 4
2.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 3, the following section:
Jurisdiction over public servants for offences committed outside Singapore
4.  Every public servant who, being a citizen or a permanent resident of Singapore, when acting or purporting to act in the course of his employment, commits an act or omission outside Singapore that if committed in Singapore would constitute an offence under the law in force in Singapore, is deemed to have committed that act or omission in Singapore.”.
Amendment of section 21
3.  Section 21 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting paragraphs (i) and (j) and substituting the following paragraph:
(i)a member of the Public Service Commission or the Legal Service Commission constituted under Part IX of the Constitution.”.
Amendment of section 27
4.  Section 27 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the word “wife” and substituting the word “spouse”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Property in possession of spouse, clerk or servant”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 29 and new sections 29A and 29B
5.  Section 29 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following sections substituted therefor:
Document
29.  The word “document” includes, in addition to a document in writing —
(a)any map, plan, graph or drawing;
(b)any photograph;
(c)any label, marking or other writing which identifies or describes anything of which it forms a part, or to which it is attached by any means whatsoever;
(d)any disc, tape, sound-track or other device in which sounds or other data (not being visual images) are embodied so as to be capable (with or without the aid of some other equipment) of being reproduced therefrom;
(e)any film (including microfilm), negative, tape, disc or other device in which one or more visual images are embodied so as to be capable (with or without the aid of some other equipment) of being reproduced therefrom; and
(f)any paper or other material on which there are marks, impressions, figures, letters, symbols or perforations having a meaning for persons qualified to interpret them.
Writing
29A.  The word “writing” includes any mode of representing or reproducing words, figures, drawings or symbols in a visible form.
Electronic record
29B.  The expression “electronic record” has the same meaning as in the Electronic Transactions Act (Cap. 88).”.
Amendment of section 30
6.  The Penal Code is amended by renumbering section 30 as subsection (1) of that section, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following subsection:
(2)  Notwithstanding the generality of subsection (1), “valuable security” includes credit cards, charge cards, stored value cards, automated teller machine cards and such other cards which have money or money’s worth or other financial rights attached.”.
New section 31A
7.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 31, the following section:
“Die” and “instrument”
31A.  For the purposes of Chapters XII and XVIII —
“die” includes any plate, type, tool, chop or implement and also any part of any die, plate, type, tool, chop or implement, and any stamp or impression thereof or any part of such stamp or impression;
“instrument” includes any document whether of a formal or an informal nature, any postage stamp or revenue stamp, any seal or die, and any disc, card, tape, microchip, sound-track or other device on or in which information is recorded or stored by mechanical, electronic, optical or other means.”.
Amendment of section 38
8.  Section 38 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “by names” and substituting the words “by means”.
Amendment of section 40
9.  Section 40(2) of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “and VA, and in sections 71, 109, 110, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117,” and substituting the words “, V and VA, and in sections 4, 71,”; and
(b)by inserting “204B,” immediately after “203,”.
New sections 41 and 42
10.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 40, the following sections:
Offence with specified term of imprisonment
41.  An offence described in this Code or in any written law for the time being in force as being punishable with imprisonment for a specified term or upwards includes an offence for which the specified term is the maximum term of imprisonment.
Obscene
42.  The word “obscene”, in relation to any thing or matter, means any thing or matter the effect of which is, if taken as a whole, such as to tend to deprave and corrupt persons who are likely, having regard to all relevant circumstances, to read, see or hear the matter contained or embodied in it.”.
Amendment of section 43
11.  Section 43 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “ “illegal” ” in the 1st line, the words “or “unlawful” ”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “illegal” in the last line, the words “or unlawful”; and
(c)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
“Illegal”, “unlawful” and “legally bound to do”.” 
New section 54
12.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 53, the following section:
Imprisonment for life
54.  “Imprisonment for life”, in relation to any prescribed punishment under this Code or any other written law, means imprisonment for the duration of a person’s natural life.”.
Repeal of section 57
13.  Section 57 of the Penal Code is repealed.
Amendment of section 71
14.  Section 71(1) of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the word “his”.
New section 74
15.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 73, the following section:
Enhanced penalties for racially or religiously aggravated offences
74.—(1)  Where a person is convicted of an offence specified in subsection (2) which is racially or religiously aggravated, the court may sentence the person to one and a half times the amount of punishment to which he would otherwise have been liable for that offence.
(2)  The offence referred to in subsection (1) is as follows:
(a)an offence under section 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 151, 153, 158, 267B, 267C, 323, 324, 325, 341, 342, 343, 344, 346, 352, 354, 355, 357, 363A, 504, 505, 506, 507 or 509; or
(b)an offence of attempting to commit, abetting the commission of, or being a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit, any offence under paragraph (a).
(3)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Criminal Procedure Code (Cap. 68) —
(a)a Magistrate’s Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine all proceedings for the offences punishable under sections 143, 151, 153, 323, 343, 344, 346, 354 (1), 355, 504, 505 and 507 and shall have power to award the full punishment provided under subsection (1) in respect of those offences; and
(b)a District Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine all proceedings for the offences punishable under sections 144, 145, 147, 148, 158, 267C, 324, 325, 354 (2), 363A and 506 and shall have power to award the full punishment provided under subsection (1) in respect of those offences.
(4)  For the purposes of this section, an offence is racially or religiously aggravated if —
(a)at the time of committing the offence, or immediately before or after committing such offence, the offender demonstrates towards the victim of the offence hostility based on the victim’s membership (or presumed membership) of a racial or religious group; or
(b)the offence is motivated (wholly or partly) by hostility towards members of a racial or religious group based on their membership of that group.
(5)  It is immaterial for the purposes of paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (4) whether or not the offender’s hostility is also based, to any extent, on any other factor not mentioned in that paragraph.
(6)  In this section —
“membership”, in relation to a racial or religious group, includes association with members of that group;
“presumed” means presumed by the offender.”.
Amendment of section 75
16.  Section 75 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “or having been convicted in any part of Malaysia or in Brunei Darussalam of an offence of a nature similar to any of those offences,” in the 3rd to 6th lines;
(b)by deleting the colon at the end of the 11th line and substituting the words “; but if he is not sentenced to imprisonment for life, he shall not in any case be liable to imprisonment for a term exceeding 15 years.”; and
(c)by deleting the proviso.
Amendment of section 79
17.  Section 79 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by deleting the word “Illustration” and substituting the word “Illustrations”; and
(b)by re-lettering the existing illustration as illustration (a) and by inserting immediately thereafter the following illustrations:
(b)A, a police officer, is deployed to perform the duty of screening passengers boarding a flight at the airport. A sees Z, a passenger queuing up to be screened, acting suspiciously. As A approaches Z, Z suddenly shouts aloud that he is carrying a bomb and warns A not to approach further. As A draws his revolver, Z suddenly starts to run away. A, after assessing the circumstances of the case, and to the best of his judgment exerted in good faith, believes that Z has a bomb and will set it off. A shoots Z and Z dies as a result. A has committed no offence, even though it may turn out that Z was not carrying a bomb.
(c) A, a police officer, is deployed to perform patrol duty at an underground train station. A receives information from police headquarters that someone is attempting to plant a bomb in the public transport system. The profile of the suspect is also provided. While patrolling the underground train station, A sees Z, who fits the profile. Z is seen carrying a backpack and behaving suspiciously. A approaches Z and orders him to stop. Z suddenly starts running towards a crowd in the station. A, after assessing the circumstances of the case, and to the best of his judgment exerted in good faith, believes that Z has a bomb and will set it off. A shoots Z and Z dies as a result. A has committed no offence, even though it may turn out that Z was not carrying a bomb.
(d)X, the commander of a naval vessel, is patrolling Singapore territorial waters. X receives information that someone may hijack a vessel in order to commit a terrorist act. X spots vessel A which is proceeding at high speed towards a cruise liner. X orders vessel A to stop her manoeuvre immediately and fires a warning signal. Vessel A instead starts accelerating towards the cruise liner. X, after assessing the circumstances of the case, and to the best of his judgment exerted in good faith, believes that vessel A is going to ram into the cruise liner. X gives an order to fire at vessel A. The persons on board vessel A die as a result. X has committed no offence, even though it may turn out that vessel A was not hijacked nor were there any terrorist on board.”.
Amendment of section 81
18.  Section 81 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after illustration ( b), the following illustration:
(c)X, the commander of a naval vessel, is deployed in response to a threat of a terrorist attack against a ferry terminal in Singapore. X receives information that vessel A, with a crew of 6, has been hijacked by terrorists and is approaching the ferry terminal at great speed and is likely to collide into the terminal. There is insufficient time to evacuate the persons at the terminal, which is estimated to be about 100. X orders vessel A to stop her manoeuvre immediately and fires a warning signal. However, vessel A continues her advance towards the terminal. Here, if X gives an order to fire at vessel A to disable it, without any intention to cause harm to the crew members of vessel A, and in good faith for the purpose of avoiding the danger to the persons at the terminal, he is not guilty of an offence. This is so even though he knows that he is likely to cause harm to the crew members of vessel A, if it be found as a matter of fact that the danger which X intends to avoid is such as to excuse him in incurring the risk of firing at vessel A.”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 90
19.  Section 90 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Consent given under fear or misconception, by person of unsound mind, etc., and by child
90.  A consent is not such a consent as is intended by any section of this Code ––
(a)if the consent is given by a person ––
(i)under fear of injury or wrongful restraint to the person or to some other person; or
(ii)under a misconception of fact,
and the person doing the act knows, or has reason to believe, that the consent was given in consequence of such fear or misconception;
(b)if the consent is given by a person who, from unsoundness of mind, mental incapacity, intoxication, or the influence of any drug or other substance, is unable to understand the nature and consequence of that to which he gives his consent; or
(c)unless the contrary appears from the context, if the consent is given by a person who is under 12 years of age.”.
Amendment of section 94
20.  Section 94 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after the words “that person” in the 5th line, the words “or any other person”.
Amendment of section 100
21.  Section 100 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting paragraph (d) and substituting the following paragraph:
(d)an assault with the intention of committing non-consensual penile penetration of the anus;”.
New section 108B
22.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 108A, the following section:
Abetment outside Singapore of an offence in Singapore
108B.  A person abets an offence within the meaning of this Code who abets an offence committed in Singapore notwithstanding that any or all of the acts constituting the abetment were done outside Singapore.”.
Amendment of section 117
23.  Section 117 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the illustration and substituting the following illustration:
Illustrations
A, an employee at a worksite, affixes a placard at the worksite where more than 10 persons are employed. A instigates the workers to damage property at the worksite if their demand for a pay rise is not met. A has committed an offence under this section.”.
Amendment of section 120A
24.  The Penal Code is amended by renumbering section 120A as subsection (1) of that section, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following subsection:
(2)  A person may be a party to a criminal conspiracy notwithstanding the existence of facts of which he is unaware which make the commission of the illegal act, or the act, which is not illegal, by illegal means, impossible.”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 120B
25.  Section 120B of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Punishment of criminal conspiracy
120B.  Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence shall, where no express provision is made in this Code for the punishment of such a conspiracy, be punished in the same manner as if he had abetted such offence.”.
Amendment of section 121B
26.  Section 121B of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the word “invests” and substituting the word “invents”.
Amendment of section 130C
27.  Section 130C of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Piratical acts”.
New Chapter VIB
28.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 130C, the following Chapter:
CHAPTER VIB
GENOCIDE
Genocide
130D.  A person commits genocide who, with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, an ethnical, a racial or a religious group, commits any of the following acts:
(a)killing members of the group;
(b)causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c)deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d)imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; or
(e)forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Punishment for genocide
130E.  Whoever commits genocide shall —
(a)if the offence consists of the killing of any person, be punished with death; or
(b)in any other case, be punished with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years.”.
Deletion and substitution of heading to Chapter VIII
29.  Chapter VIII of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the chapter heading and substituting the following chapter heading:
OFFENCES RELATING TO UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY”.
Amendment of section 141
30.  Section 141 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting paragraph (c) and substituting the following paragraph:
(c)to commit any offence;”.
Repeal of section 151A
31.  Section 151A of the Penal Code is repealed.
Repeal of sections 159 and 160
32.  Sections 159 and 160 of the Penal Code are repealed.
Amendment of section 167
33.  Section 167 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” wherever it appears, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Public servant framing an incorrect document or electronic record with intent to cause injury”.
Amendment of section 172
34.  Section 172 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after the words “a document” in the 9th line, the words “or an electronic record”.
Amendment of section 173
35.  Section 173 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after the words “a document” in the 16th line, the words “or an electronic record”.
Amendment of section 175
36.  Section 175 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” wherever it appears, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Omission to produce a document or an electronic record to a public servant by a person legally bound to produce such document or electronic record”.
Amendment of section 182
37.  Section 182 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by deleting the words “orally or in writing” in the 2nd line; and
(b)by deleting illustration (c) and substituting the following illustration:
(c)A falsely informs a policeman that he has been assaulted and robbed by a person whose identity he does not know. A also mentions that he often sees that person going in and out of a block of flats, knowing it to be likely that in consequence of this information, the police will make inquiries and institute searches in the block of flats to the annoyance of the flat dwellers or some of them. A has committed an offence under this section.”.
Amendment of section 192
38.  Section 192 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the words “book or record” in the 2nd line, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 3rd line, the words “or electronic record”.
Amendment of section 204
39.  Section 204 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 1st and 5th lines, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Destruction of document or electronic record to prevent its production as evidence”.
New sections 204A and 204B
40.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 204, the following sections:
Obstructing, preventing, perverting or defeating course of justice
204A.  Whoever intentionally obstructs, prevents, perverts or defeats the course of justice shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 7 years, or with fine, or with both.
Explanation.––A mere warning to a witness that he may be prosecuted for perjury if he gives false evidence is insufficient to constitute an offence.
Bribery of witnesses
204B.—(1)  Whoever —
(a)gives, confers, or procures, promises or offers to give, confer, or procure or attempts to procure, any gratification to, upon, or for any person, upon any agreement or understanding that any person who is aware of any offence (being an offence which any person is legally bound to give information respecting that offence) will abstain from reporting that offence to the police or any agency charged by law with the duty of investigating offences;
(b)gives, confers, or procures, promises or offers to give, confer, or procure or attempts to procure, any gratification to, upon, or for any person, upon any agreement or understanding that any person called or to be called as a witness in any judicial proceeding will give false testimony or withhold true testimony, or will abstain from giving evidence;
(c)attempts by any means to induce a person called or to be called as a witness in any judicial proceeding to give false testimony, or to withhold true testimony or to abstain from giving evidence; or
(d)asks, receives, or obtains, or agrees or attempts to receive or obtain, any property or benefit of any kind for himself, or any other person, upon any agreement or understanding that any person shall as a witness in any judicial proceeding give false testimony or withhold true testimony or will abstain from giving evidence,
shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 7 years, or with fine, or with both.
(2)  In this section, “judicial proceeding” means any proceeding in the course of which evidence is or may be legally taken.”.
Amendment of section 211
41.  Section 211 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “shall be punishable” in the 10th line and substituting the words “shall be punished”.
Amendment of section 230
42.  Section 230 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “or of any other part of the Commonwealth” in the definition of “Coin”; and
(b)by deleting the definition of “Current coin” and substituting the following definition:
“ “Current coin” means coin which is legal tender in Singapore or in any foreign country.”.
Amendment of section 236
43.  Section 236 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “coin” wherever it appears, the words “or current coin”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Abetting in Singapore the counterfeiting out of Singapore of coin or current coin”.
New section 241A
44.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 241, the following section:
Delivery to another of current coin as genuine, which when first possessed the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit
241A.  Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine, or attempts to induce any other person to receive as genuine, any counterfeit coin which is a counterfeit of current coin which he knows to be counterfeit, but which he did not know to be counterfeit at the time when he took it into his possession, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.”.
Repeal of section 243A
45.  Section 243A of the Penal Code is repealed.
Amendment of section 254
46.  Section 254 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “, 247, 248 or 249,” in the 6th line and substituting the words “or 248”.
New section 254A
47.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 254, the following section:
Delivery to another of current coin as genuine, which when first possessed the deliverer did not know to be altered
254A.  Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine or as a coin of a different description from what it is, or attempts to induce any person to receive as genuine or as a different coin from what it is, any coin in respect of which he knows that any such operation as that mentioned in section 247 or 249 has been performed, but in respect of which he did not, at the time when he took it into his possession, know that such operation had been performed, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.”.
Deletion and substitution of heading to Chapter XIV
48.  Chapter XIV of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the chapter heading and substituting the following chapter heading:
offences affecting the public tranquility,
public health, safety, convenience,
decency and morals”.
New sections 267A, 267B and 267C
49.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately before section 268, the following sections:
Affray
267A.  Where 2 or more persons disturb the public peace by fighting in a public place, they are said to “commit an affray”.
Punishment for committing affray
267B.  Whoever commits an affray shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to $5,000, or with both.
Making, printing, etc., document containing incitement to violence, etc.
267C.  Whoever —
(a)makes, prints, possesses, posts, distributes or has under his control any document; or
(b)makes or communicates any electronic record,
containing any incitement to violence or counselling disobedience to the law or to any lawful order of a public servant or likely to lead to any breach of the peace shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.”.
Amendment of section 292
50.  Section 292 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting paragraph (a) and substituting the following paragraph:
(a)sells, lets to hire, distributes, transmits by electronic means, publicly exhibits or in any manner puts into circulation, or for purposes of sale, hire, distribution, transmission, public exhibition or circulation, makes, produces, or has in his possession any obscene book, pamphlet, paper, drawing, painting, representation or figure, or any other obscene object whatsoever;”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “exports” in paragraph (b), the words “, transmits by electronic means”;
(c)by inserting, immediately after the word “produced,” in paragraph (c), the words “transmitted by electronic means,”; and
(d)by renumbering the section as subsection (1) of that section, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following subsections:
(2)  For the purposes of this section, “object” includes data stored in a computer disc, or by other electronic means, that is capable of conversion to images, writing or any other form of representation.
(3)  For the purposes of this section and section 293, an object shall be deemed not to be obscene if the sale, letting to hire, distribution, exhibition, circulation, import, export or conveyance of, or any other dealing in, the object is authorised by or under any written law.”.
Amendment of section 293
51.  Section 293 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “20 years” and substituting the words “21 years”.
Deletion and substitution of heading to Chapter XV
52.  Chapter XV of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the chapter heading and substituting the following chapter heading:
OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGION OR RACE”.
Amendment of section 298
53.  Section 298 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “religious”, the words “or racial”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “person,” in the 5th line, the words “or causes any matter however represented to be seen or heard by that person,”; and
(c)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Uttering words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious or racial feelings of any person”.
New section 298A
54.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 298, the following section:
Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion or race and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony
298A.  Whoever ––
(a)by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, knowingly promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of religion or race, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred or ill-will between different religious or racial groups; or
(b)commits any act which he knows is prejudicial to the maintenance of harmony between different religious or racial groups and which disturbs or is likely to disturb the public tranquility,
shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.”.
Amendment of section 304A
55.  Section 304A of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both.” and substituting the following words:
shall be punished —
(a)in the case of a rash act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both; or
(b)in the case of a negligent act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both.”.
Amendment of section 307
56.  Section 307(1) of the Penal Code is amended by deleting illustration ( b) and substituting the following illustration:
(b)A, with intention of causing the death of a child of tender years, throws the child into a river. A has committed the offence defined by this section, although the death of the child does not ensue.”.
Amendment of section 319
57.  Section 319 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately below that section, the following Explanation:
Explanation.––A person is said to cause hurt if he causes another person to be unconscious.”.
Amendment of section 320
58.  Section 320 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after paragraph (a), the following paragraph:
(aa)death;”; and
(b)by deleting the full-stop at the end of paragraph (h) and substituting a semi-colon, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following paragraph:
(i)penetration of the vagina or anus, as the case may be, of a person without that person’s consent, which causes severe bodily pain.”.
Amendment of section 336
59.  Section 336 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 months, or with fine which may extend to $250, or with both.” and substituting the following words:
shall be punished —
(a)in the case of a rash act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 months, or with fine which may extend to $2,500, or with both; or
(b)in the case of a negligent act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 months, or with fine which may extend to $1,500, or with both.”.
Amendment of section 337
60.  Section 337 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 months, or with fine which may extend to $500, or with both.” and substituting the following words:
shall be punished —
(a)in the case of a rash act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to $5,000, or with both; or
(b)in the case of a negligent act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 months, or with fine which may extend to $2,500, or with both.”.
Amendment of section 338
61.  Section 338 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine which may extend to $1,000, or with both.” and substituting the following words:
shall be punished —
(a)in the case of a rash act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 4 years, or with fine which may extend to $10,000, or with both; or
(b)in the case of a negligent act, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine which may extend to $5,000, or with both.”.
Amendment of section 350
62.  Section 350 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by deleting illustrations (b) and (c) and substituting the following illustrations:
(b)Z is riding a horse. A lashes Z’s horse, and thereby causes it to quicken its pace. Here A has caused change of motion to Z by inducing the horse to change its motion. A has therefore used force to Z; and if A has done this without Z’s consent, intending or knowing it to be likely that he may thereby injure, frighten or annoy Z, A has used criminal force to Z.
(c)Z is riding a horse. A, intending to cause hurt to Z, seizes the horse and stops it. Here A has caused cessation of motion to Z, and he has done this by his own bodily power. A has therefore used force to Z; and as A has acted thus intentionally without Z’s consent, in order to cause the commission of an offence, A has used criminal force to Z.”; and
(b)by deleting illustration (i).
Repeal and re-enactment of section 354
63.  Section 354 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Assault or use of criminal force to a person with intent to outrage modesty
354.—(1)  Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby outrage the modesty of that person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with caning, or with any combination of such punishments.
(2)  Whoever commits an offence under subsection (1) against any person under 14 years of age shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with caning, or with any combination of such punishments.”.
New section 363A
64.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 363, the following section:
Punishment for abduction
363A.  Whoever abducts any person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 7 years, or with fine, or with caning, or with any combination of such punishments.”.
New section 364A
65.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 364, the following section:
Kidnapping or abducting in order to compel the Government, etc.
364A.  Whoever —
(a)kidnaps or abducts any person or keeps a person in detention after such kidnapping or abduction; and
(b)threatens to cause death or hurt to such person, or by his conduct gives rise to a reasonable apprehension that such person may be put to death or hurt, or causes hurt or death to such person,
in order to compel —
(i)the Government to do or abstain from doing any act, shall be punished with death or imprisonment for life, and shall, if he is not sentenced to death, also be liable to fine or to caning; or
(ii)any other person to do or abstain from doing any act shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 15 years, and shall also be liable to fine or to caning.”.
Amendment of section 367
66.  Section 367 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “or to the unnatural lust of any person” and substituting the words “or to non-consensual penile penetration of the anus”.
Deletion and substitution of sub-heading to Chapter XVI
67.  Chapter XVI of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the sub-heading “ Rape” immediately above section 375 and substituting the following sub-heading:
Sexual offences”.
Repeal and re-enactment of sections 375 to 376D and new sections 376E, 376F and 376G
68.  Sections 375 to 376D of the Penal Code are repealed and the following sections substituted therefor:
Rape
375.—(1)  Any man who penetrates the vagina of a woman with his penis —
(a)without her consent; or
(b)with or without her consent, when she is under 14 years of age,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), a man who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years, and shall also be liable to fine or to caning.
(3)  Whoever —
(a)in order to commit or to facilitate the commission of an offence under subsection (1) ––
(i)voluntarily causes hurt to the woman or to any other person; or
(ii)puts her in fear of death or hurt to herself or any other person; or
(b)commits an offence under subsection (1) with a woman under 14 years of age without her consent,
shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 8 years and not more than 20 years and shall also be punished with caning with not less than 12 strokes.
(4)  No man shall be guilty of an offence under subsection (1) against his wife, who is not under 13 years of age, except where at the time of the offence —
(a)his wife was living apart from him ––
(i)under an interim judgment of divorce not made final or a decree nisi for divorce not made absolute;
(ii)under an interim judgment of nullity not made final or a decree nisi for nullity not made absolute;
(iii)under a judgment or decree of judicial separation; or
(iv)under a written separation agreement;
(b)his wife was living apart from him and proceedings have been commenced for divorce, nullity or judicial separation, and such proceedings have not been terminated or concluded;
(c)there was in force a court injunction to the effect of restraining him from having sexual intercourse with his wife;
(d)there was in force a protection order under section 65 or an expedited order under section 66 of the Women’s Charter (Cap. 353) made against him for the benefit of his wife; or
(e)his wife was living apart from him and proceedings have been commenced for the protection order or expedited order referred to in paragraph (d), and such proceedings have not been terminated or concluded.
(5)  Notwithstanding subsection (4), no man shall be guilty of an offence under subsection (1)(b) for an act of penetration against his wife with her consent.
Sexual assault by penetration
376.—(1)  Any man (A) who —
(a)penetrates, with A’s penis, the anus or mouth of another person (B); or
(b)causes another man (B) to penetrate, with B’s penis, the anus or mouth of A,
shall be guilty of an offence if B did not consent to the penetration.
(2)  Any person (A) who —
(a)sexually penetrates, with a part of A’s body (other than A’s penis) or anything else, the vagina or anus, as the case may be, of another person (B);
(b)causes a man (B) to penetrate, with B’s penis, the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of another person (C); or
(c)causes another person (B), to sexually penetrate, with a part of B’s body (other than B’s penis) or anything else, the vagina or anus, as the case may be, of any person including A or B,
shall be guilty of an offence if B did not consent to the penetration.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), a person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years, and shall also be liable to fine or to caning.
(4)  Whoever —
(a)in order to commit or to facilitate the commission of an offence under subsection (1) or (2) ––
(i)voluntarily causes hurt to any person; or
(ii)puts any person in fear of death or hurt to himself or any other person; or
(b)commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2) against a person (B) who is under 14 years of age,
shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 8 years and not more than 20 years and shall also be punished with caning with not less than 12 strokes.
Sexual penetration of minor under 16
376A.—(1)  Any person (A) who —
(a)penetrates, with A’s penis, the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of a person under 16 years of age (B);
(b)sexually penetrates, with a part of A’s body (other than A’s penis) or anything else, the vagina or anus, as the case may be, of a person under 16 years of age (B);
(c)causes a man under 16 years of age (B) to penetrate, with B’s penis, the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of another person including A; or
(d)causes a person under 16 years of age (B) to sexually penetrate, with a part of B’s body (other than B’s penis) or anything else, the vagina or anus, as the case may be, of any person including A or B,
with or without B’s consent, shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), a person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, or with fine, or with both.
(3)  Whoever commits an offence under this section against a person (B) who is under 14 years of age shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years, and shall also be liable to fine or to caning.
(4)  No person shall be guilty of an offence under this section for an act of penetration against his or her spouse with the consent of that spouse.
(5)  No man shall be guilty of an offence under subsection (1)(a) for penetrating with his penis the vagina of his wife without her consent, if his wife is not under 13 years of age, except where at the time of the offence —
(a)his wife was living apart from him ––
(i)under an interim judgment of divorce not made final or a decree nisi for divorce not made absolute;
(ii)under an interim judgment of nullity not made final or a decree nisi for nullity not made absolute;
(iii)under a judgment or decree of judicial separation; or
(iv)under a written separation agreement;
(b)his wife was living apart from him and proceedings have been commenced for divorce, nullity or judicial separation, and such proceedings have not been terminated or concluded;
(c)there was in force a court injunction to the effect of restraining him from having sexual intercourse with his wife;
(d)there was in force a protection order under section 65 or an expedited order under section 66 of the Women’s Charter (Cap. 353) made against him for the benefit of his wife; or
(e)his wife was living apart from him and proceedings have been commenced for the protection order or expedited order referred to in paragraph (d), and such proceedings have not been terminated or concluded.
Commercial sex with minor under 18
376B.—(1)  Any person who obtains for consideration the sexual services of a person, who is under 18 years of age, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 7 years, or with fine, or with both.
(2)  Any person who communicates with another person for the purpose of obtaining for consideration, the sexual services of a person who is under 18 years of age, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both.
(3)  No person shall be guilty of an offence under this section for any sexual services obtained from that person’s spouse.
(4)  In this section, “sexual services” means any sexual services involving —
(a)sexual penetration of the vagina or anus, as the case may be, of a person by a part of another person’s body (other than the penis) or by anything else; or
(b)penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of a person by a man’s penis.
Commercial sex with minor under 18 outside Singapore
376C.—(1)  Any person, being a citizen or a permanent resident of Singapore, who does, outside Singapore, any act that would, if done in Singapore, constitute an offence under section 376B, shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  A person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable to the same punishment to which he would have been liable had he been convicted of an offence under section 376B.
Tour outside Singapore for commercial sex with minor under 18
376D.—(1)  Any person who —
(a)makes or organises any travel arrangements for or on behalf of any other person with the intention of facilitating the commission by that other person of an offence under section 376C, whether or not such an offence is actually committed by that other person;
(b)transports any other person to a place outside Singapore with the intention of facilitating the commission by that other person of an offence under section 376C, whether or not such an offence is actually committed by that other person; or
(c)prints, publishes or distributes any information that is intended to promote conduct that would constitute an offence under section 376C, or to assist any other person to engage in such conduct,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  For the purposes of subsection (1)(c), the publication of information means publication of information by any means, whether by written, electronic, or other form of communication.
(3)  A person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, or with fine, or with both.
Sexual grooming of minor under 16
376E.—(1)  Any person of or above the age of 21 years (A) shall be guilty of an offence if having met or communicated with another person (B) on 2 or more previous occasions ––
(a)A intentionally meets B or travels with the intention of meeting B; and
(b)at the time of the acts referred to in paragraph (a) ––
(i)A intends to do anything to or in respect of B, during or after the meeting, which if done will involve the commission by A of a relevant offence;
(ii)B is under 16 years of age; and
(iii)A does not reasonably believe that B is of or above the age of 16 years.
(2)  In subsection (1), “relevant offence” means an offence under ––
(a)section 354, 354A, 375, 376, 376A, 376B, 376F, 376G or 377A;
(b)section 7 of the Children and Young Persons Act (Cap. 38); or
(c)section 140(1) of the Women’s Charter (Cap. 353).
(3)  For the purposes of this section, it is immaterial whether the 2 or more previous occasions of A having met or communicated with B referred to in subsection (1) took place in or outside Singapore.
(4)  A person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
Procurement of sexual activity with person with mental disability
376F.—(1)  Any person (A) shall be guilty of an offence if —
(a)A intentionally touches another person (B) who has a mental disability;
(b)the touching is sexual and B consents to the touching;
(c)A obtains B’s consent by means of an inducement offered or given, a threat made or a deception practised by A for that purpose; and
(d)A knows or could reasonably be expected to know that B has a mental disability.
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), a person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both.
(3)  If the touching involved —
(a)penetration of the vagina or anus, as the case may be, with a part of the body or anything else; or
(b)penetration of the mouth with the penis,
a person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, or with fine, or with both.
(4)  No person shall be guilty of an offence under this section for any act with that person’s spouse.
(5)  For the purposes of this section —
“mental disability” means an impairment of or a disturbance in the functioning of the mind or brain resulting from any disability or disorder of the mind or brain which impairs the ability to make a proper judgement in the giving of consent to sexual touching;
“touching” includes touching —
(a)with any part of the body;
(b)with anything else; or
(c)through anything,
and includes penetration.
Incest
376G.—(1)  Any man of or above the age of 16 years (A) who —
(a)sexually penetrates the vagina or anus of a woman (B) with a part of A’s body (other than A’s penis) or anything else; or
(b)penetrates the vagina, anus or mouth of a woman (B) with his penis,
with or without B’s consent where B is to A’s knowledge A’s grand-daughter, daughter, sister, half-sister, mother or grandmother (whether such relationship is or is not traced through lawful wedlock), shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  Any woman of or above the age of 16 years who, with consent, permits her grandfather, father, brother, half-brother, son or grandson (whether such relationship is or is not traced through lawful wedlock) to penetrate her in the manner described in subsection (1)(a) or (b), knowing him to be her grandfather, father, brother, half-brother, son or grandson, as the case may be, shall be guilty of an offence.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), a man who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years.
(4)  If a man commits an offence under subsection (1) against a woman under 14 years of age, he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 14 years.
(5)  A woman who is guilty of an offence under subsection (2) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years.”.
Deletion of sub-heading to Chapter XVI
69.  Chapter XVI of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the sub-heading “ Unnatural offences” immediately above section 377.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 377
70.  Section 377 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Sexual penetration of a corpse
377.—(1)  Any man who penetrates, with his penis, the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of a human corpse, shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  A man who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.
(3)  Any person (A) who causes any man (B) to penetrate with B’s penis, the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of a human corpse, shall be guilty of an offence if B did not consent to the penetration.
(4)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (3) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years, and shall also be liable to fine or to caning.”.
New sections 377B, 377C and 377D
71.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 377A, the following sections:
Sexual penetration with living animal
377B.—(1)  Any person (A) who —
(a)penetrates, with A’s penis, the vagina, anus or any orifice of an animal; or
(b)causes or permits A’s vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, to be penetrated by the penis of an animal,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both.
(3)  Any person (A) who —
(a)causes any man (B) to penetrate, with B’s penis, the vagina, anus or any orifice of an animal; or
(b)causes the vagina, anus or mouth, as the case may be, of another person (B) to be penetrated with the penis of an animal,
shall be guilty of an offence if B did not consent to the penetration.
(4)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (3) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years, and shall also be liable to fine or to caning.
Interpretation of sections 375 to 377B (sexual offences)
377C.  In sections 375 to 377B ––
(a)penetration is a continuing act from entry to withdrawal;
(b)references to a part of the body include references to a part which is surgically constructed (in particular, through a sex reassignment procedure);
(c)for the purposes of identifying the sex of a person —
(i)the sex of a person as stated in that person’s identity card issued under the National Registration Act (Cap. 201) at the time the sexual activity took place shall be prima facie evidence of the sex of that person; and
(ii)a person who has undergone a sex reassignment procedure shall be identified as being of the sex to which that person has been reassigned;
(d)penetration, touching or other activity is “sexual” if —
(i)because of its nature it is sexual, whatever its circumstances or any person’s purpose in relation to it may be; or
(ii)because of its nature it may be sexual and because of its circumstances or the purpose of any person in relation to it (or both) it is sexual;
(e)“vagina” includes vulva.
Mistake as to age
377D.—(1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and notwithstanding anything in section 79, a reasonable mistake as to the age of a person shall not be a defence to any charge of an offence under section 376A(2), 376B or 376C.
(2)  In the case of a person who at the time of the alleged offence was under 21 years of age, the presence of a reasonable mistaken belief that the minor, who is of the opposite sex, was of or above —
(a)the age of 16 years, shall be a valid defence to a charge of an offence under section 376A(2); or
(b)the age of 18 years, shall be a valid defence to a charge of an offence under section 376B or 376C.
(3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the defence under that subsection shall no longer be available if at the time of the offence, the person charged with that offence has previously been charged in court for an offence under section 376A, 376B, 376C or 376E, or section 7 of the Children and Young Persons Act (Cap. 38) or section 140(1)(i) of the Women’s Charter (Cap. 353).”.
Amendment of section 379A
72.  Section 379A of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “of not less than one year and not more than” in subsection (1) and substituting the words “which may extend to”;
(b)by deleting the words “and without prejudice to the power of the court to order a longer period of disqualification, be disqualified for a period of not less than 3 years” in subsection (2) and substituting the words “, be disqualified for such period as the court may order”; and
(c)by deleting the definition of “component part” in subsection (3) and substituting the following definition:
“ “component part”, in relation to a motor vehicle, means any component part attached to the motor vehicle, and includes any tyre, accessory or equipment attached to the motor vehicle.”.
Amendment of section 383
73.  Section 383 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “injury to that person or to any other” and substituting the words “harm to that person or to any other person, in body, mind, reputation or property, whether such harm is to be caused legally or illegally”; and
(b)by deleting illustration (c) and substituting the following illustration:
(c)A, an enforcement officer, sees Z committing an offence, and threatens to report the offence unless Z gives him money. Z fears that the report may result in his being prosecuted for the offence and delivers money to A. A has committed extortion.”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 385
74.  Section 385 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Putting person in fear of harm in order to commit extortion
385.  Whoever, in order to commit extortion, puts or attempts to put any person in fear of any harm to that person or to any other person, in body, mind, reputation or property, whether such harm is to be caused legally or illegally, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than 2 years and not more than 5 years, and with caning.”.
Amendment of section 397
75.  Section 397 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after the word “offender” in the 4th line, the words “, and any other person jointly concerned in committing or attempting to commit such robbery,”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 411
76.  Section 411 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Dishonestly receiving stolen property
411.—(1)  Whoever dishonestly receives or retains any stolen property, knowing or having reason to believe the property to be stolen property, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.
(2)  If the stolen property is a motor vehicle or any component part of a motor vehicle as defined in section 379A(3), a person convicted of an offence under this section —
(a)shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, and shall also be liable to fine; and
(b)may be disqualified for such period as the court may order from the date of his release from imprisonment from holding or obtaining a driving licence under the Road Traffic Act (Cap. 276).”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 414
77.  Section 414 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Assisting in concealment or disposal of stolen property
414.—(1)  Whoever voluntarily assists in concealing or disposing of or making away with property which he knows or has reason to believe to be stolen property shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.
(2)  If the stolen property is a motor vehicle or any component part of a motor vehicle as defined in section 379A(3), a person convicted of an offence under this section —
(a)shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, and shall also be liable to fine; and
(b)may be disqualified for such period as the court may order from the date of his release from imprisonment from holding or obtaining a driving licence under the Road Traffic Act (Cap. 276).”.
Amendment of section 415
78.  Section 415 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “person,” in the 1st line, the words “whether or not such deception was the sole or main inducement,”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “omit” in the 6th line, the words “to do”;
(c)by deleting the words “that person” and substituting the words “any person”; and
(d)by inserting, immediately after “ Explanation 2”, the following Explanation:
Explanation 3.––Whoever makes a representation through any agent is to be treated as having made the representation himself.”.
Amendment of section 427
79.  Section 427 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting “$25” and substituting “$500”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Committing mischief and thereby causing damage to the amount of $500”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 428
80.  Section 428 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
Mischief by killing or maiming any animal
428.  Whoever commits mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless, any animal shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.”.
Repeal of section 429
81.  Section 429 of the Penal Code is repealed.
Amendment of section 430
82.  Section 430 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “agricultural”, the words “or industrial”; and
(b)by deleting the words “or for carrying on any manufacture,”.
Amendment of section 435
83.  Section 435 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “to the amount of $50 or upwards”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage”.
Amendment of section 454
84.  Section 454 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “the imprisonment shall be for a term of not less than 18 months and not more than 10 years” and substituting the words “shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years”.
Deletion and substitution of heading to Chapter XVIII
85.  Chapter XVIII of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the chapter heading and substituting the following chapter heading:
OFFENCES RELATIING TO DOCUMENTS OR
ELECTRONIC RECORDS, FALSE INSTRUMENTS,
AND TO CURRENCY NOTES AND BANK NOTES”.
Amendment of section 463
86.  Section 463 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 1st line, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by inserting, immediately after the words “a document” in the 1st and 2nd lines, the words “or an electronic record”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 464
87.  Section 464 of the Penal Code is repealed (excluding the illustrations and Explanations) and the following section substituted therefor:
Making a false document or false electronic record
464.—(1)  A person is said to make a false document or false electronic record ––
(a)who dishonestly or fraudulently ––
(i)makes, signs, seals or executes a document or part of a document;
(ii)makes any electronic record or part of any electronic record;
(iii)affixes any electronic signature on any electronic record; or
(iv)makes any mark denoting the execution of a document or the authenticity of the electronic signature,
with the intention of causing it to be believed that such document or electronic record or part of a document or electronic record or electronic signature was made, signed, sealed, executed or affixed by or by the authority of a person by whom or by whose authority he knows that it was not made, signed, sealed, executed or affixed, or at a time at which he knows that it was not made, signed, sealed, executed or affixed;
(b)who without lawful authority, dishonestly or fraudulently, by cancellation or otherwise, alters a document or an electronic record in any material part thereof, after it has been made, executed or affixed with an electronic signature, either by himself or by any other person, whether that person is living or dead at the time of the alteration; or
(c)who dishonestly or fraudulently causes any person to sign, seal, execute or alter a document or an electronic record or to affix his electronic signature on an electronic record, knowing that such person by reason of unsoundness of mind or intoxication cannot, or that by reason of deception practised upon him he does not, know the contents of the document or electronic record or the nature of the alteration.
(2)  In this section, “electronic signature” has the same meaning as in the Electronic Transactions Act (Cap. 88).”.
Amendment of section 466
88.  Section 466 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the words “a document” in the 1st line, the words “or an electronic record”; and
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 4th and 5th lines, the words “or electronic record”.
Amendment of section 467
89.  Section 467 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the word “son” in the 2nd line and substituting the word “child”.
Amendment of section 468
90.  Section 468 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after the word “document”, the words “or electronic record”.
Amendment of section 469
91.  Section 469 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after the word “document”, the words “or electronic record”.
Repeal and re-enactment of section 470
92.  Section 470 of the Penal Code is repealed and the following section substituted therefor:
“A forged document or forged electronic record”
470.  A false document or false electronic record, made wholly or in part by forgery, is designated “a forged document” or “a forged electronic record”, respectively.”.
Amendment of section 471
93.  Section 471 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 2nd and last lines, the words “or electronic record”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the words “forged document”, the words “or forged electronic record”; and
(c)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Using as genuine a forged document or forged electronic record”.
New sections 473A, 473B and 473C
94.  The Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 473, the following sections:
Making or possessing equipment for making a false instrument
473A.  Whoever makes or has in his custody or under his control a machine or implement, or paper or other material, which to his knowledge is or has been specifically designed or adapted for the making of any false instrument shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years, or with fine, or with both.
Making or possessing equipment for making a false instrument with intent to induce prejudice
473B.  Any person (A) who ––
(a)makes or has in his custody or under his control a machine or implement, or paper or other material, which is or has been specifically designed or adapted for the making of any instrument; and
(b)intends that ––
(i)he or another person makes a false instrument using the machine or implement, or paper or other material in order to induce another person (B) to accept it as genuine; and
(ii)by reason of so accepting it, B does or does not do some act to B’s or any other person’s prejudice,
shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years, or with fine, or with both.
Meaning of “prejudice” and “induce”
473C.—(1)  For the purposes of section 473B and subject to subsections (2) and (4), an act or omission intended to be induced is to a person’s prejudice if, and only if, it is one which, if it occurs, will —
(a)result in his permanent or temporary loss of property;
(b)result in his being deprived of an opportunity to earn remuneration or greater remuneration;
(c)result in his being deprived of an opportunity to gain a financial advantage otherwise than by way of remuneration;
(d)result in somebody being given an opportunity to earn remuneration or greater remuneration from him;
(e)result in somebody being given an opportunity to gain a financial advantage from him otherwise than by way of remuneration; or
(f)be the result of his having accepted a false instrument as genuine in connection with his performance of any duty.
(2)  For the purpose of this section, an act which a person has an enforceable duty to do and an omission to do an act which a person is not entitled to do shall be disregarded.
(3)  The reference in section 473B to inducing a person (B) to accept a false instrument as genuine includes a reference to inducing a machine to respond to an instrument as if it were a genuine instrument.
(4)  Where subsection (3) applies, the act or omission intended to be induced by the machine responding to the instrument shall be treated as an act or omission to a person’s prejudice.
(5)  In subsection (1)(a), “loss” includes a loss by not getting what one might get, as well as a loss by parting with what one has.”.
Amendment of section 474
95.  Section 474 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 1st and 4th lines, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Having possession of certain document or electronic record known to be forged, with intent to use it as genuine”.
Amendment of section 476
96.  Section 476 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “document” in the 3rd and 6th lines, the words “or electronic record”; and
(b)by deleting the marginal note and inserting the following section heading:
Counterfeiting a device or mark used for authenticating documents or electronic records other than those described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material”.
Amendment of section 477
97.  Section 477 of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the word “son” and substituting the word “child”.
Amendment of section 477A
98.  Section 477A of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “alters,” in the 3rd line, the word “conceals,”; and
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “book,” in the 4th and 10th lines, the words “electronic record,”.
Amendment of section 489A
99.  Section 489A(2) of the Penal Code is amended by deleting the words “, 489D and 489E” and substituting the words “and 489D”.
Repeal of section 489E
100.  Section 489E of the Penal Code is repealed.
Repeal of section 498
101.  Section 498 of the Penal Code is repealed.
Amendment of section 499
102.  Section 499 of the Penal Code is amended by inserting, immediately after “ Explanation 4”, the following Explanation:
Explanation 5.––An imputation may be made or published in written, electronic or other media.”.
Amendment of section 505
103.  Section 505 of the Penal Code is amended ––
(a)by inserting, immediately after the word “report” in the 2nd line, the words “in written, electronic or other media”; and
(b)by inserting, immediately after the word “report” in the 3rd line of the Exception, the words “in written, electronic or other media”.
Amendment of section 511
104.  Section 511 of the Penal Code is amended —
(a)by deleting the word “Whoever” in the 1st line and substituting the words “Subject to subsection (2), whoever”;
(b)by deleting the colon at the end of the 9th line and substituting a full-stop;
(c)by deleting the proviso; and
(d)by renumbering the section as subsection (1) of that section, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following subsection:
(2)  The longest term of imprisonment that may be imposed under subsection (1) shall not exceed —
(a)15 years where such attempt is in relation to an offence punishable with imprisonment for life; or
(b)one-half of the longest term provided for the offence in any other case.”.
Miscellaneous amendments to penalties
105.  The provisions of the Penal Code specified in the first column of the First Schedule are amended in the manner set out in the second column thereof.
Miscellaneous amendments to illustrations
106.  The provisions of the Penal Code specified in the first column of the Second Schedule are amended in the manner set out in the second column thereof.
Related and consequential amendments to other written laws
107.  The provisions of the Acts specified in the first column of the Third Schedule are amended in the manner set out in the second column thereof.
Related and consequential amendments to Criminal Procedure Code
108.—(1)  Section 11(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cap. 68) is amended by deleting the words “provided that in no case shall the 3 punishments of imprisonment, fine and caning be inflicted on any person for the same offence”.
(2)  Section 22(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code is amended by deleting the words “section 160” in the 4th line of paragraph (a) and substituting the words “section 267B”.
(3)  The Criminal Procedure Code is amended by inserting, immediately after section 68, the following section:
Forfeiture of counterfeit coin or counterfeit currency note or bank note, etc.
68A.—(1)  Any police officer, not below the rank of sergeant, upon being satisfied that any person has in his possession —
(a)counterfeit coin or current coin or any die, instrument or material for the purpose of counterfeiting any coin or current coin; or
(b)forged or counterfeit currency note or bank note or any machinery, instrument or material used for the forging or counterfeiting of any currency note or bank note,
may without warrant and with or without assistance enter and search any place where any such coin, currency note or bank note or any such die, machinery, instrument or material is kept and seize all such coins, notes, die, machinery, instrument or material.
(2)  Anything seized under subsection (1) shall, by order of the court before which any person is tried relating to such possession, or where there is no trial, by order of a Magistrate, be forfeited and shall be destroyed or otherwise disposed of in such manner as the Minister may direct.
(3)  In this section, “coin”, “current coin”, “die” and “instrument” have the same meanings as in the Penal Code (Cap. 224).”.
(4)  Section 129(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code is amended by deleting the words “or 228” in paragraph (b) and substituting the words “, 228, 376C or 376G”.
(5)  Section 132 of the Criminal Procedure Code is repealed.
(6)  Section 175(3) of the Criminal Procedure Code is amended by deleting the words “any offence referred to in section 131 or 132” and substituting the words “an offence referred to in section 131”.
(7)  Section 364A(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code is amended by deleting “377” in paragraph (c) and substituting “377B”.
(8)  Schedule A to the Criminal Procedure Code is repealed and the following Schedule substituted therefor:
SCHEDULE A
Sections 2, 9, 136 (1) and 199 (1)
Tabular Statement of Offences under the Penal Code
Explanatory Notes
&xa0;.—(1)    The entries in the second and seventh columns of this Schedule, headed respectively “Offence” and “Maximum punishment under the Penal Code” are not intended as definitions of the offences and punishments described in the several corresponding sections of the Penal Code, or even as abstracts of those sections, but merely as references to the subject of the section, the number of which is given in the first column. In the case of many offences punishable by fine the maximum fine is limited by the Penal Code: such offences are, in the seventh column marked*.
(2)  The entries in the third column of this Schedule are not intended in any way to restrict the powers of arrest without warrant which may be lawfully exercised by police officers.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Penal Code Section
Offence
Whether the police may ordinarily arrest without warrant or not
Whether a warrant or a summons shall ordinarily issue in the first instance
Whether bailable of right or not
Whether compoundable or not
Maximum punishment under the Penal Code
By what court triable besides the High Court
CHAPTER V — ABETMENT
109
Abetment of any offence, if the act abetted is committed in consequence, and where no express provision is made for its punishment
May arrest without warrant, if arrest for the offence abetted may be made without warrant but not otherwise
According as to whether a warrant or summons may issue for the offence abetted
According as to whether the offence abetted is bailable or not
According as to whether the offence abetted is compoundable or not
The same punishment as for the offence abetted
The court by which the offence abetted is triable
110
Abetment of any offence, if the person abetted does the act with a different intention from that of the abettor
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
111
Abetment of any offence, when one act is abetted and a different act is done; subject to the proviso
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
The same punishment as for the offence intended to be abetted
Ditto
113
Abetment of any offence, when an effect is caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
The same punishment as for the offence committed
Ditto
114
Abetment of any offence, if the abettor is present when offence is committed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
115
Abetment of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, if the offence is not committed in consequence of the abetment
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
115
If an act which causes harm is done in consequence of the abetment
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 14 years, and fine
Ditto
116
Abetment of an offence punishable with imprisonment, if the offence is not committed in consequence of the abetment
Ditto
Ditto
According as to whether the offence abetted is bailable or not
Ditto
Imprisonment extending to a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
116
If the abettor or the person abetted is a public servant whose duty it is to prevent the offence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment extending to half of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
117
Abetting the commission of an offence by the public, or by more than 10 persons
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
118
Concealing a design to commit an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, if the offence is committed
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
118
If the offence is not committed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Ditto
119
A public servant concealing a design to commit an offence which it is his duty to prevent, if the offence is committed
Ditto
Ditto
According as to whether the offence abetted is bailable or not
Ditto
Imprisonment extending to half of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
119
If the offence is punishable with death or imprisonment for life
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, and fine
Ditto
119
If the offence is not committed
Ditto
Ditto
According as to whether the offence abetted is bailable or not
Ditto
Imprisonment extending to a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
119
If the offence is punishable with death or imprisonment for life but is not committed
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
120
Concealing a design to commit an offence punishable with imprisonment, if the offence is committed
Ditto
Ditto
According as to whether the offence is bailable or not
Ditto
Imprisonment extending to a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
120
If the offence is not committed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment extending to one-eighth of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER VA — CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY
120B
Criminal conspiracy
May arrest without warrant if arrest for the offence the object of the conspiracy may be made without warrant, but not otherwise
According as to whether warrant or summons may issue for the offence the object of the conspiracy
According as to whether the offence the object of the conspiracy is bailable or not
Not compoundable
The same punishment as if the offence the object of the conspiracy was abetted
The court by which the offence the object of the conspiracy is triable
CHAPTER VI — OFFENCES AGAINST THE STATE
121
Waging or attempting to wage war, or abetting the waging of war, against the Government
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Death, or imprisonment for life, and fine
 
121A
Offences against the President’s person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
121B
Offences against authority
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, and fine
 
121C
Abetting offences under section 121A or 121B
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Punishment provided for offences under section 121A or 121B
 
121D
Intentional omission to give information of offences against section 121, 121A, 121B or 121C
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, or fine, or both
District Court
122
Collecting arms, etc., with the intention of waging war against the Government
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years, and fine
 
123
Concealing with intent to facilitate a design to wage war
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, and fine
 
124
Assaulting the President, etc., with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years, and fine
 
125
Waging war against any power in alliance or at peace with the Government or abetting the waging of such war
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 15 years, and fine, or fine
 
126
Committing depredation on the territories of any power in alliance or at peace with the Government
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, and forfeiture of certain property
District Court
127
Receiving property taken by war or depredation mentioned in sections 125 and 126
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine, and forfeiture of property so received
Ditto
128
Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war in his custody to escape
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 15 years, and fine
 
129
Public servant negligently suffering prisoner of State or war in his custody to escape
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
130
Aiding escape of, rescuing, or harbouring, such prisoner, or offering any resistance to the recapture of such prisoner
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 15 years, and fine
 
CHAPTER VIA — PIRACY
130B
Piracy by law of nations
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for life, and caning
 
130B
While committing or attempting to commit piracy, the person commits murder or attempts to commit murder, or does any act which is likely to endanger the life of another person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death
 
130C
Piratical acts
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, and caning
 
CHAPTER VIB — GENOCIDE
130E
Genocide where offence consists of the killing of any person
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Death
 
130E
Genocide in any other case
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years
 
CHAPTER VII — OFFENCES RELATING TO THE ARMED FORCES
131
Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce an officer, a sailor, a soldier or an airman from his allegiance or duty
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
132
Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death, or imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
133
Abetment of an assault by an officer, a sailor, a soldier or an airman on his superior officer, when in the execution of his office
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
134
Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
135
Abetment of the desertion of an officer, a sailor, a soldier or an airman
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
136
Harbouring such an officer, a sailor, a soldier or an airman who has deserted
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
137
Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel, through negligence of master or person in charge thereof
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Fine*
Ditto
138
Abetment of act of insubordination by an officer, a sailor, a soldier or an airman, if the offence is committed in consequence
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine, or both
Ditto
140
Wearing garb or carrying any token used by a sailor, a soldier or an airman with intent that it may be believed that he is such
Ditto
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER VIII — OFFENCES RELATING TO UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY
143
Being member of an unlawful assembly
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
144
Joining an unlawful assembly armed with any deadly weapon
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
Ditto
145
Joining or continuing in an unlawful assembly, knowing that it has been commanded to disperse
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
147
Rioting
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and caning
Ditto
148
Rioting, armed with a deadly weapon
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and caning
Ditto
149
Offence committed by member of an unlawful assembly, other members guilty
According as to whether arrest may be made without warrant for the offence or not
According as to whether a warrant or summons may issue for the offence
According as to whether the offence is bailable or not
Ditto
The same as for the offence
The court by which offence is triable
150
Hiring, engaging or employing persons to take part in an unlawful assembly
May arrest without warrant
According to the offence committed by the person hired, engaged or employed
Ditto
Ditto
The same as for a member of such assembly, and for any offence committed by any member of such assembly
Ditto
151
Knowingly joining or continuing in any assembly of 5 or more persons after it has been commanded to disperse
Ditto
Warrant
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
152
Assaulting or obstructing public servant when suppressing riot, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 8 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
153
Wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot, if rioting is committed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
153
If not committed
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
154
Owner or occupier of land not giving information of riot, etc.
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Fine*
Ditto
155
Person for whose benefit or on whose behalf a riot takes place not using all lawful means to prevent it
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Fine
Ditto
156
Agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit a riot is committed not using all lawful means to prevent it
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
157
Harbouring persons hired for an unlawful assembly
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
158
Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
158
Or to go armed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER IX — OFFENCES BY OR RELATING TO PUBLIC SERVANTS
161
Being or expecting to be a public servant, and taking a gratification other than legal remuneration in respect of an official act
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
162
Taking a gratification in order by corrupt or illegal means to influence a public servant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
163
Taking a gratification for the exercise of personal influence with a public servant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
164
Abetment by public servant of the offences defined in sections 162 and 163 with reference to himself
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
165
Public servant obtaining any valuable thing, without consideration, from a person concerned in any proceeding or business transacted by the public servant
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
166
Public servant disobeying a direction of the law with intent to cause injury to any person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
167
Public servant framing an incorrect document or electronic record with intent to cause injury
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
168
Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
169
Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both, and confiscation of property, if purchased
Ditto
170
Personating a public servant
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
171
Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER X — CONTEMPTS OF THE LAWFUL AUTHORITY OF PUBLIC SERVANTS
172
Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding from a public servant
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
172
If summons or notice requires attendance in person, etc., in a court of justice
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
173
Preventing the service or the affixing of any summons or notice, or the removal of it when it has been affixed, or preventing a proclamation
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Ditto
173
If summons, etc., requires attendance in person, etc., in a court of justice
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
174
Not obeying a legal order to attend at a certain place in person or by agent, or departing therefrom without authority
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Ditto
174
If the order requires personal attendance, etc., in a court of justice
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
175
Intentionally omitting to produce a document or an electronic record to a public servant by a person legally bound to produce or deliver such document or electronic record
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
The court in which the offence is committed subject to the provisions of Chapter XXXII, or if not committed in a court, a District Court
175
If the document or electronic record is required to be produced in or delivered to a court of justice
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
176
Intentionally omitting to give notice or information to a public servant by a person legally bound to give the notice or information
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
176
If the notice or information required respects the commission of an offence, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
177
Knowingly furnishing false information to a public servant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
177
If the information required respects the commission of an offence, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
178
Refusing oath when duly required to take an oath by a public servant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
The court in which the offence is committed, subject to the provisions of Chapter XXXII, or if not committed in a court, a District Court
179
Being legally bound to state truth, and refusing to answer questions to a public servant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
180
Refusing to sign a statement made to a public servant when legally required to do so
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
181
Knowingly stating to a public servant on oath as true that which is false
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
182
Giving false information to a public servant in order to cause him to use his lawful power to the injury or annoyance of any person
Ditto
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Ditto
183
Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
184
Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of a public servant
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Ditto
185
Bidding by a person under a legal incapacity to purchase it, for property at a lawfully authorised sale, or bidding without intending to perform the obligations incurred thereby
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
186
Obstructing public servant in discharge of his public functions
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
187
Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give such assistance
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Ditto
187
Wilfully neglecting to aid a public servant who demands aid in the execution of process, the prevention of offences, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
188
Disobedience to an order lawfully promulgated by a public servant, if such disobedience causes obstruction, annoyance or injury to persons lawfully employed
Shall not arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Ditto
188
If such disobedience causes danger to human life, health or safety, etc.
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
189
Threatening a public servant with injury to him, or one in whom he is interested, to induce him to do or forbear to do any official act
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
190
Threatening any person to induce him to refrain from making a legal application for protection from injury
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER XI — FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE
193
Giving or fabricating false evidence in a judicial proceeding
Shall not arrest without warrant
Warrant
Bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
193
Giving or fabricating false evidence in any other case
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
194
Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to cause any person to be convicted of a capital offence
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years, and fine
 
194
If innocent person is thereby convicted and executed
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death, or as above
 
195
Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of an offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 7 years or upwards
According as to whether arrest may be made without warrant for the offence or not
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
The same as for the offence
 
196
Corruptly using or attempting to use evidence known to be false or fabricated
Shall not arrest without warrant
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
The same as for giving or fabricating false evidence
District Court
197
Knowingly issuing or signing a false certificate relating to any fact of which that certificate is by law admissible in evidence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
The same as for giving false evidence
Ditto
198
Using as a true certificate one known to be false in a material point
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
199
False statement made in any declaration which is by law receivable as evidence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
200
Using as true any such declaration known to be false
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
201
Causing disappearance of evidence of an offence committed, or giving false information touching it, to screen the offender, if the offence is capital
According as to whether arrest may be made without warrant for the offence or not
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
Ditto
201
If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
201
If punishable with imprisonment for less than 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
202
Intentional omission to give information of an offence by a person legally bound to inform
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine, or both
Ditto
203
Giving false information respecting an offence committed
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
204
Secreting or destroying any document or electronic record to prevent its production as evidence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
204A
Obstructing, preventing, perverting or defeating course of justice
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
204B
Bribery of witnesses
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
205
False personation for the purpose of any act or proceeding in a suit or criminal prosecution, or for becoming bail or security
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
206
Fraudulent removal or concealment, etc., of property to prevent its seizure as a forfeiture or in satisfaction of a fine under sentence, or in execution of a decree
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
207
Claiming property without right, or practising deception touching any right to it, to prevent its being taken as a forfeiture, or in satisfaction of a fine under sentence, or in execution of a decree
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
208
Fraudulently suffering a decree to pass for a sum not due, or suffering decree to be executed after it has been satisfied
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
209
False claim in a court of justice
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, and fine
Ditto
210
Fraudulently obtaining a decree for a sum not due, or causing a decree to be executed after it has been satisfied
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
211
False charge of offence made with intent to injure
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
211
If offence charged is punishable with death, or imprisonment for a term of 7 years or upwards
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
212
Harbouring an offender, if the offence is capital
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
Ditto
212
If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
212
If punishable with imprisonment for one year and not for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
213
Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment, if the offence is capital
According as to whether arrest may be made without warrant for the offence or not
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
213
If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
213
If punishable with imprisonment for less than 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
214
Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of the screening offender, if the offence is capital
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
214
If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
214
If punishable with imprisonment for less than 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
215
Taking gift to help to recover movable property of which a person has been deprived by an offence, without causing apprehension of offender
Shall not arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
216
Harbouring an offender who has escaped from custody, or whose apprehension has been ordered, if the offence is capital
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
216
If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
216
If punishable with imprisonment for one year and not for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both
Ditto
216A
Harbouring robbers or gang-robbers
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
217
Public servant disobeying a direction of law with intent to save person from punishment, or property from forfeiture
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
218
Public servant framing an incorrect record or writing with intent to save person from punishment, or property from forfeiture
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
219
Public servant in a judicial proceeding corruptly making or pronouncing an order, a report, a verdict or a decision which he knows to be contrary to law
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
220
Commitment for trial or confinement by a person having authority, who knows that he is acting contrary to law
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
221
Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of a public servant bound by law to apprehend an offender, if the offence is capital
According as to whether arrest may be made without warrant for the offence or not
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
Ditto
221
If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
221
If punishable with imprisonment for less than 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
222
Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of a public servant bound by law to apprehend person under sentence of a court of justice, if under sentence of death
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years, and fine
 
222
If under sentence of imprisonment for 20 years or upwards
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
222
If under sentence of imprisonment for less than 20 years, or lawfully committed to custody
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
223
Escape from confinement negligently suffered by a public servant
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
224
Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
225
Resistance or obstruction to the lawful apprehension of another person, or rescuing him from lawful custody
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
225
If charged with an offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 20 years
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
225
If charged with a capital offence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
225
If the person is sentenced to imprisonment for 10 years or upwards
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
225
If under sentence of death
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 15 years, and fine
 
225A
Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of a public servant bound by law to apprehend any person in a case not provided for by section 221, 222 or 223
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
225A
Negligent omission to do same
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
225B
Resistance or obstruction by a person to the lawful apprehension of himself or any other person in a case not otherwise provided for
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
225C
Illegal act or omission for which punishment is not provided
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Fine*
Ditto
226
Unlawful return from banishment
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for the original term of banishment or expulsion, and fine
 
227
Violation of condition of remission of punishment
Shall not arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Punishment of original sentence, or, if part of the punishment has been undergone, the residue
 
228
Intentional insult or interruption to a public servant sitting in any stage of a judicial proceeding
Ditto
Summons
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
The court in which the offence is committed, subject to the provisions of Chapter XXXII
229
Personation of an assessor
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
CHAPTER XII — OFFENCES RELATING TO COIN AND GOVERNMENT STAMPS
231
Counterfeiting, or performing any part of the process of counterfeiting coin
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
232
Counterfeiting, or performing any part of the process of counterfeiting current coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
Ditto
233
Making, buying or selling instrument for the purpose of counterfeiting coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
234
Making, buying or selling instrument for the purpose of counterfeiting current coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
235
Possession of instrument or material for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
235
If current coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
236
Abetting in Singapore the counterfeiting out of Singapore of coin or current coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
The punishment provided for abetting the counterfeiting of such coin or current coin within Singapore
Ditto
237
Import or export of counterfeit coin, knowing the same to be counterfeit
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
238
Import or export of counterfeits of current coin, knowing the same to be counterfeit
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
239
Having any counterfeit coin known to be such when it came into possession, and delivering, etc., the same to any person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, and fine
Ditto
240
The same with respect to current coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
241
Knowingly delivering to another any counterfeit coin as genuine which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
241A
Delivery to another of current coin as genuine which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
District Court
242
Possession of counterfeit coin by a person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
243
Possession of current coin by a person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, and fine
District Court
246
Fraudulently diminishing the weight or altering the composition of any coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
247
Fraudulently diminishing the weight or altering the composition of current coin
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
248
Altering appearance of any coin with intent that it shall pass as a coin of a different description
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
249
Altering appearance of current coin with intent that it shall pass as a coin of a different description
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
250
Delivery to another of coin possessed with the knowledge that it is altered
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
251
Delivery of current coin possessed with the knowledge that it is altered
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
Ditto
252
Possession of altered coin by a person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
253
Possession of current coin by a person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, and fine
Ditto
254
Delivery to another of coin as genuine which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine*
Ditto
254A
Delivery to another of current coin as genuine which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
District Court
255
Counterfeiting a Government stamp
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
Ditto
256
Having possession of an instrument or material for the purpose of counterfeiting a Government stamp
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
257
Making, buying or selling instrument for the purpose of counterfeiting a Government stamp
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
258
Sale of counterfeit Government stamp
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
259
Having possession of a counterfeit Government stamp
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
260
Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be counterfeit
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
261
Effacing any writing from a substance bearing a Government stamp, or removing from a document a stamp used for it with intent to cause loss to Government
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
262
Using a Government stamp known to have been before used
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
263
Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER XIII — OFFENCES RELATING TO WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
264
Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
265
Fraudulent use of false weight or measure
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
266
Being in possession of false weights or measures for fraudulent use
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
267
Making or selling false weights or measures for fraudulent use
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
CHAPTER XIV — OFFENCES AFFECTING THE PUBLIC TRANQUILITY, PUBLIC HEALTH, SAFETY, CONVENIENCE, DECENCY AND MORALS
267B
Committing affray
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
267C
Making, printing, etc., document containing incitement to violence, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
269
Negligently doing any act known to be likely to spread infection of any disease dangerous to life
Ditto
Summons
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
270
Malignantly doing any act known to be or likely to spread infection of any disease dangerous to life
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 4 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
271
Knowingly disobeying any quarantine rule
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
272
Adulterating food or drink intended for sale, so as to make the same noxious
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
273
Selling any food or drink as food and drink knowing the same to be noxious
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
274
Adulterating any drug or medical preparation intended for sale so as to lessen its efficacy, or to change its operation, or to make it noxious
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
275
Offering for sale or issuing from a dispensary any drug or medical preparation known to have been adulterated
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
276
Knowingly selling or issuing from a dispensary any drug or medical preparation as a different drug or medical preparation
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
277
Fouling the water of a public spring or reservoir
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Ditto
278
Making atmosphere noxious to health
Shall not arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
279
Driving or riding on a public way so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, etc.
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
280
Navigating any vessel so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
281
Exhibition of a false light, mark or buoy
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
282
Conveying for hire any person by water, in a vessel in such a state, or so loaded, as to endanger his life
Ditto
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
283
Causing danger, obstruction or injury in any public way or line of navigation
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Fine*
Ditto
284
Dealing with any poisonous substance so as to endanger human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Ditto
285
Dealing with fire or any combustible matter so as to endanger human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
286
Dealing with any explosive substance so as to endanger human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
287
Dealing with any machinery so as to endanger human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
288
Omitting to take order to guard against probable danger to human life by the fall of any building being pulled down or repaired
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
289
Omitting to take order with any animal in person’s possession, so as to guard against danger to human life, or to grievous hurt, from that animal
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
290
Committing a public nuisance
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Fine*
Ditto
291
Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine, or both
Ditto
292
Sale, etc., of obscene books, etc.
Ditto
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine, or both
Ditto
293
Sale, etc., of obscene objects to persons under the age of 21 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Ditto
294
Doing obscene act or reciting obscene song in a public place
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine, or both
Ditto
CHAPTER XV — OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGION OR RACE
295
Destroying, damaging, or defiling a place of worship or sacred object with intent to insult the religion of any class of persons
May arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
296
Causing a disturbance to an assembly engaged in religious worship
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
297
Trespassing in place of worship or sepulture, disturbing funeral, with intention to wound the feelings or to insult the religion of any person, or offering indignity to a human corpse
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
298
Uttering any word or making any sound in the hearing, or making any gesture, or placing any object in the sight of any person or causes any matter however represented to be seen or heard by that person, with intention to wound his religious or racial feeling
Shall not arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Compoundable by the person whose religious or racial feeling is intended to be wounded
Ditto
Ditto
298A
Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion or race, and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Not compoundable
Ditto
Ditto
CHAPTER XVI — OFFENCES AFFECTING THE HUMAN BODY
Offences affecting life
302
Murder
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Death
 
304(a)
Culpable homicide not amounting to murder if act by which the death is caused is done with intention of causing death, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years, and fine, or caning
 
304(b)
If act is done with knowledge that it is likely to cause death, but without any intention to cause death, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
 
304A(a)
Causing death by rash act
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
304A(b)
Causing death by negligent act
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
305
Abetment of suicide committed by a child, or insane or delirious person or, an idiot, or a person intoxicated
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Death, or imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
306
Abetting the commission of suicide
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
307(1)
Attempt to murder
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, and fine
 
307(1)
If hurt is caused to any person by such act
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 20 years, and caning, or fine, or both
 
307(2)
Attempt by life-convict to murder, if hurt is caused
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death
 
308
Attempt to commit culpable homicide not amounting to murder
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
308
If hurt is caused to any person by such act
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
 
309
Attempt to commit suicide
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
311
Infanticide
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
District Court
Causing miscarriage; injuries to unborn children; exposure of infants; and concealment of births
312
Causing miscarriage
Shall not arrest without warrant
Warrant
Bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
312
If the woman is quick with child
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
District Court
313
Causing miscarriage without woman’s consent
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
314
Death caused by an act done with intent to cause miscarriage
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
314
If act done without woman’s consent
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
315
Act done with intent to prevent a child being born alive, or to cause the child to die after his birth
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, or fine, or both
 
316
Causing death of a quick unborn child by an act amounting to culpable homicide
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
317
Exposure of a child under 12 years of age by parent or person having care of such child, with intention of wholly abandoning the child
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
318
Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
Hurt
323
Voluntarily causing hurt
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Compoundable by the person hurt
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
324
Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
Ditto
325
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
326
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means
Ditto
Warrant
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 15 years, and fine, or caning
District Court
327
Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property or a valuable security, or to constrain to do anything which is illegal or which may facilitate the commission of an offence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
328
Administering stupefying drug with intent to cause hurt, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
329
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property or a valuable security, or to constrain to do anything which is illegal or which may facilitate the commission of an offence
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
330
Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession or information, or to compel restoration of property, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
331
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession or information, or to compel restoration of property, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
332
Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
333
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, and fine, or caning
District Court
334
Voluntarily causing hurt on grave and sudden provocation, not intending to hurt any other than the person who gave the provocation
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Compoundable by the person hurt
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
335
Causing grievous hurt on grave and sudden provocation, not intending to hurt any other than the person who gave the provocation
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 years, or fine*, or both
Ditto
336(a)
Doing any rash act which endangers human life or the personal safety of others
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
336(b)
Doing any negligent act which endangers human life or the personal safety of others
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
337(a)
Causing hurt by a rash act which endangers human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Compoundable by the person hurt
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Ditto
337(b)
Causing hurt by a negligent act which endangers human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine*, or both
Ditto
338(a)
Causing grievous hurt by a rash act which endangers human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 4 years, or fine*, or both
Ditto
338(b)
Causing grievous hurt by a negligent act which endangers human life, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine*, or both
Ditto
Wrongful restraint and wrongful confinement
341
Wrongfully restraining any person
May arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Compoundable by the person hurt
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
342
Wrongfully confining any person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Ditto
343
Wrongfully confining any person for 3 or more days
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
344
Wrongfully confining any person for 10 or more days
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Ditto
345
Keeping any person in wrongful confinement, knowing that a writ has been issued for his liberation
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, in addition to imprisonment under any other section
Ditto
346
Wrongful confinement in secret
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
347
Wrongful confinement for the purpose of extorting property, or constraining to an illegal act, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, and fine
Ditto
348
Wrongful confinement for the purpose of extorting confession or information, or of compelling restoration of property, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Criminal force and assault
352
Assault or use of criminal force otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Compoundable by the person assaulted or to whom force was used
Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
353
Assault or use of criminal force to deter a public servant from discharge of his duty
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 4 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
354(1)
Assault or use of criminal force to a person with intent to outrage modesty
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Compoundable by the person assaulted or to whom force was used
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
Ditto
354(2)
If committed against any person under 14 years of age
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
Ditto
354A(1)
Voluntarily causing or attempting to cause death, hurt, etc., in committing the offence of outraging modesty
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and caning
District Court
354A(2)
If committed in a lift in any building or against any person under 14 years of age
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
355
Assault or use of criminal force with intent to dishonour a person, otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Bailable
Compoundable by the person assaulted or to whom force was used
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
356
Assault or use of criminal force in committing or attempting to commit theft of property worn or carried by a person
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 7 years, and caning
District Court
357
Assault or use of criminal force in attempting wrongfully to confine a person
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for one year, or fine*, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
358
Assault or use of criminal force on grave and sudden provocation
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Compoundable by the person assaulted or to whom force was used
Imprisonment for one month, or fine*, or both
Ditto
Kidnapping, abduction, slavery and forced labour
363
Kidnapping
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
District Court
363A
Abduction
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or caning, or any combination of such punishments
Ditto
364
Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death, or imprisonment for life, and caning
 
364A
Kidnapping or abducting in order to compel the Government to do or abstain from doing any act
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death, or imprisonment for life, and fine, or caning
 
364A
Kidnapping or abducting in order to compel any person to do or abstain from doing any act
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 15 years, and fine, or caning
 
365
Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine a person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
District Court
366
Kidnapping or abducting a woman to compel her marriage or to cause her defilement, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
367
Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject a person to grievous hurt, slavery, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
368
Concealing or keeping in confinement a kidnapped person
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Punishment for kidnapping or abduction
District Court
369
Kidnapping or abducting a child with intent to take property from the person of such child
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
370
Buying or disposing of any person as a slave
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
371
Habitual dealing in slaves
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
372
Selling or letting to hire a minor for purposes of prostitution, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine
 
373
Buying or obtaining possession of a minor for the same purposes
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
373A
Importing woman by fraud with intent, etc.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
374
Unlawful compulsory labour
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Compoundable by the person compelled to labour
Imprisonment for one year, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
Sexual offences
375(2)
Rape
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 20 years, and fine, or caning
 
375(3)(a)
If in order to commit or to facilitate the commission of an offence of rape, voluntarily causes hurt or puts a person in fear of death or hurt
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and caning
 
375(3)(b)
Rape of woman under 14 years of age without her consent
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
376(3)
Sexual assault by penetration
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and fine, or caning
 
376(4)(a)
If in order to commit or to facilitate the commission of sexual assault by penetration, voluntarily causes hurt or puts a person in fear of death or hurt
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and caning
 
376(4)(b)
Sexual assault by penetration of person under 14 years of age without his or her consent
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
376A(2)
Sexual penetration of minor under 16 years of age
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, or fine, or both
District Court
376A(3)
Sexual penetration of minor under 14 years of age
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and fine, or caning
 
376B(1)
Commercial sex with minor under 18 years of age
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
376B(2)
Communicating with a person for purpose of commercial sex with minor under 18 years of age
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
376C(2)
Commercial sex with minor under 18 years of age outside Singapore
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both
District Court
376C(2)
Communicating with a person for purpose of commercial sex with minor under 18 years of age outside Singapore
Shall not arrest without warrant
Summons
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
376D(3)
Tour outside Singapore for commercial sex with minor under 18 years of age
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, or fine, or both
District Court
376E(4)
Sexual grooming of minor under 16 years of age
Ditto
Summons
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
376F(2)
Procurement of sexual activity with a person with mental disability
Shall not arrest without warrant
Warrant
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
376F(3)
If penetration is involved
May arrest without warrant
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, or fine, or both
District Court
376G(3)
Incest by a man
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years
Ditto
376G(4)
Incest by a man with a woman under 14 years of age
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 14 years
Ditto
376G(5)
Incest by a woman
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years
District Court
377(2)
Sexual penetration of a corpse
Ditto
Ditto
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
377(4)
Causing another person to sexually penetrate a corpse
Ditto
Ditto
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and fine, or caning
 
377A
Outrages on decency
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
377B(2)
Sexual penetration with living animal
Ditto
Summons
Bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both
Ditto
377B(4)
Causing another person to sexually penetrate a living animal
Ditto
Warrant
Not bailable
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and fine, or caning
 
377B(4)
Causing another person to be sexually penetrated by a living animal
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
CHAPTER XVII — OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY
Theft
379
Theft
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
379A
Theft of motor vehicle or any component part thereof
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine, and disqualification for such period as the court may order from holding or obtaining a driving licence
Ditto
380
Theft in a building, tent or vessel
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and fine
Ditto
381
Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master or employer
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
382
Theft after preparation made for causing death or hurt in order to commit theft
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and caning
 
Extortion
384
Extortion
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 7 years, and caning
Magistrate’s Court or District Court
385
Putting or attempting to put in fear of harm, in order to commit extortion
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 5 years, and caning
Ditto
386
Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and caning
District Court
387
Putting or attempting to put a person in fear of death or grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and caning
Ditto
388
Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death, or imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and fine, or caning
Ditto
389
Putting a person in fear of accusation of offence punishable with death, or imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, in order to commit extortion
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Robbery and gang-robbery
392
Robbery
May arrest without warrant
Warrant
Not bailable
Not compoundable
Imprisonment for 10 years, and caning
District Court
392
If committed after 7 p.m. and before 7 a.m.
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 14 years, and caning
Ditto
393
Attempt to commit robbery
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 7 years, and caning
Ditto
394
Person voluntarily causing hurt in committing or attempting to commit robbery, or any other person jointly concerned in such robbery
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 20 years, and caning
Ditto
395
Gang-robbery
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
 
396
Gang-robbery with murder
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Death, or imprisonment for life, and caning
 
397
Robbery when armed or with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Caning in addition to the punishment under any other section
 
399
Making preparation to commit gang-robbery
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Imprisonment for 10 years, and caning
 
400
Belonging to a gang of persons associated for the purpose of habitually committing gang-robbery
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto