TEA, COFFEE AND COCOA
Tea
153.—(1)  “Tea” shall be the leaves and leaf-buds of any of the varieties of Camellia sinesis, prepared by the usual trade processes.
(2)  Tea shall yield not more than 7% (w/w) or less than 4% (w/w) ash, of which at least one-half shall be soluble in water. It shall yield at least 30% (w/w) of water soluble extract. It shall not contain spurious, exhausted, decayed, mouldy leaves or stalks, or any matter for facing, colouring or for any other purpose.
Tea dust, tea siftings and tea fannings
154.  Tea dust, tea siftings and tea fannings shall be respectively the dust, siftings and fannings of tea that conform to the standard prescribed for tea except that they shall yield not more than 5% (w/w) ash insoluble in hydrochloric acid.
Instant tea
155.—(1)  Instant tea shall be prepared from wholesome leaves of any of the varieties of Camellia sinesis and shall be in the form of free-flowing powder.
(2)  Instant tea shall contain —
(a)not more than 15% (w/w) total ash;
(b)not more than 6% (w/w) moisture;
(c)not less than 4% (w/w) caffeine;
(d)not less than 7% (w/w) tannin; and
(e)no added colouring matter.
(3)  Instant tea shall dissolve in boiling water in 30 seconds with moderate stirring and the infusion shall have the colour, taste and flavour of freshly brewed tea.
Brewed tea
156.  Brewed tea is a beverage prepared from tea, tea dust, tea siftings, tea fannings or instant tea, with or without the addition of sugar or milk and shall contain no added colouring matter.
Coffee
157.  “Coffee” shall be the seed or ground seed of one or more of the various species of Coffea.
Coffee and chicory
158.—(1)  Coffee and chicory shall be a mixture of ground coffee and ground chicory. It shall contain not less than 50% (w/w) coffee and shall not contain any foreign substance.
(2)  There shall be legibly printed in English on the label on or attached to every package which contains coffee mixed with chicory a statement in which the words “Coffee and Chicory” are printed in larger letters than any other words on the label, immediately followed by a statement of the percentage proportion in which the ingredients of the mixture are present, printed in type of not less than 3 mm in height, in the following form:
“Containing not less than (here insert the number of parts per cent of coffee) parts per cent of coffee”.
(3)  The word “coffee” and expressions which include the word “coffee” shall not be printed on any statement or label printed on or attached to any package which contains a mixture of coffee and chicory unless it be conjoined with the words “and chicory”.
Coffee mixture
159.—(1)  Coffee mixture shall be ground coffee mixed with other ground food substances. Such mixtures shall contain not less than 50% (w/w) coffee and shall not contain any harmful substance.
(2)  There shall be legibly printed in English on the label on or attached to every package which contains any mixture of coffee and substances other than chicory, a statement in which the words “Coffee Mixture” are printed, in larger letters than any other words on the label, immediately followed by a statement of the ingredients of the mixture and of the proportion in which the ingredients of the mixture are present, printed in type of not less than 3 mm in height in the following form:
“Containing (here insert the number of parts per cent of coffee) parts per cent of coffee mixed with (here insert the number of parts per cent of other ingredients) parts per cent of (here insert the names of such other ingredients)”.
(3)  The word “coffee” and expressions which include the word “coffee” shall not be printed on any statement or label printed on or attached to any package which contains a mixture of coffee with substances other than chicory unless it be conjoined with the word “mixture”.
(4)  Where any coffee mixture is sold otherwise than prepacked, there shall be legibly written or printed in English on a label, conspicuously attached, so as to be clearly visible to the purchaser, to every container or vessel in which the coffee mixture is stored immediately prior to sale, a statement in which the words “Coffee Mixture” are written in larger letters than any other words on the label, immediately followed by a statement of the ingredients of the mixture which complies with the requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3).
Instant coffee or soluble coffee
160.—(1)  Instant coffee or soluble coffee shall be the dried soluble solid obtained from a water extraction of coffee and shall be in the form of a free-flowing powder having the colour, taste and flavour characteristic of coffee.
(2)  Instant coffee or soluble coffee shall be free from impurities and shall not contain chicory or any other added substances.
(3)  Instant coffee or soluble coffee shall contain not more than 5% (w/w) moisture and not more than 12% (w/w) total ash, and not less than 2.25% (w/w) anhydrous caffeine on the moisture-free basis. It shall dissolve in boiling water in 30 seconds with moderate stirring.
Instant coffee and chicory or soluble coffee and chicory
161.—(1)  Instant coffee and chicory or soluble coffee and chicory shall be the dried soluble solid obtained from a water extraction of coffee and chicory of which not less than 50% shall be coffee. It shall contain not less than 0.5% (w/w) anhydrous caffeine on a moisture-free basis. It shall comply with the labelling requirements laid down for coffee and chicory in regulation 158.
(2)  There shall be legibly printed in English on the label on or attached to every package which contains instant coffee and chicory or soluble coffee and chicory a statement in which the words “Instant Coffee and Chicory” or “Soluble Coffee and Chicory” are printed in larger letters than any other words on the label.
(3)  The words “instant coffee” or “soluble coffee” and expressions which include the words “instant coffee” or “soluble coffee” shall not be printed on any statement or label printed on or attached to any package which contains a mixture of instant coffee and chicory or soluble coffee and chicory unless the words are conjoined with the words “and chicory”.
Decaffeinated coffee
162.—(1)  Decaffeinated coffee shall be coffee which contains not more than 0.1% (w/w) anhydrous caffeine. It shall contain no ingredient other than those normally present in coffee.
(2)  Decaffeinated instant coffee or decaffeinated soluble coffee shall be instant coffee or soluble coffee that contains not more than 0.3% (w/w) anhydrous caffeine based on the moisture-free basis.
Cocoa beans
163.  Cocoa beans (cacao beans) shall be the seeds of Theobroma cacao L. or other closely related species.
Cocoa nibs
164.  Cocoa nibs (cacao nibs, cracked cocoa) shall be prepared by heating and cracking cleaned, dried or cured cacao beans and removing the shell therefrom.
Cocoa paste, cocoa mass or cocoa slab
165.  Cocoa paste, cocoa mass or cocoa slab shall be the solid or semi-solid mass produced by grinding cocoa nibs. It shall not contain any foreign fat or oil.
Cocoa, cocoa powder or powdered cocoa
166.  Cocoa, cocoa powder or powdered cocoa shall be the powdered cocoa paste, deprived or not of a portion of its fat. It shall not contain any foreign fat or oil.
Cocoa essence or soluble cocoa
167.—(1)  Cocoa essence or soluble cocoa shall be the product obtained by treating cocoa paste deprived or not of a portion of its fat with alkali or alkaline salt.
(2)  Cocoa essence or soluble cocoa shall not contain more than 3% (w/w) added alkali or alkaline salt, estimated as potassium carbonate, and shall not contain any foreign fat or oil.
Chocolate
168.—(1)  Chocolate (chocolate paste, confectioner’s chocolate, chocolate coating or chocolate powder) shall be a preparation of cocoa paste, cocoa powder or cocoa, with or without the addition of —
(a)cocoa fat;
(b)sugar;
(c)spices;
(d)milk solids;
(e)permitted emulsifier;
(f)permitted flavouring agent;
(g)polyglycerol polyricinoleate in an amount not exceeding 4,000 ppm;
(ga)ammonium phosphatides in an amount not exceeding 10,000 ppm; and
[S 195/2011 wef 15/04/2011]
(h)up to 5% of vegetable fat (excluding cocoa fat).
(2)  No person shall sell any chocolate containing vegetable fat (excluding cocoa fat) unless the package bears a label on which is printed a statement indicating the presence of such vegetable fat.
Milk chocolate
169.—(1)  Milk chocolate shall be chocolate containing milk solids. It shall contain, calculated on the dry matter, not less than 2% (w/w) milk fat and not less than 10.5% (w/w) fat-free milk solids.
(2)  Any milk chocolate described as rich full cream or dairy milk chocolate shall contain, calculated on the dry matter, not less than 4.5% (w/w) milk fat and not less than 10.5% (w/w) fat-free milk solids.
Chocolate confectionery
170.—(1)  Chocolate confectionery shall be any solid or semi-solid product complete in itself and suitable for direct consumption without further preparation or processing, of which the characteristic ingredient is chocolate or cocoa, with or without the addition of nuts or fruits and includes products made by encrusting sugar confectionery and other ingredients in chocolate but does not include chocolate, chocolate-coated, filled or flavoured biscuits, any type of ice-cream or pharmaceutical products.
(2)  The chocolate portion of any chocolate confectionery shall comply with the standards laid down for chocolate in these Regulations.