Infectious Diseases Act

(Original Enactment: 1985 REVISED EDITION)

(31st July 2003)
An Act relating to quarantine and the prevention of infectious diseases.
[1st August 1977]
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Infectious Diseases Act.
2.  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“Agency” means the National Environment Agency established under the National Environment Agency Act (Cap. 195);
“AIDS” means Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;
“baggage” means the personal effects of a traveller or of a crew member of a vessel;
“Board” means the Health Promotion Board established under the Health Promotion Board Act (Cap. 122B);
“building” means any house, hut, shed or roofed enclosure, whether intended for the purpose of human habitation or otherwise, and any wall, gate, post, pillar, paling, frame, hoarding, slip, dock, wharf, pier, jetty, landing-stage or bridge;
“carrier”, in relation to any infectious disease, means any person who is harbouring or is likely to or is suspected to harbour the agents of that disease;
“contact”, in relation to any infectious disease, means any person who has been exposed to the risk of infection from that disease;
“crew” includes any person who is on board a vessel not for the sole purpose of travelling from one place to another but who is employed in the vessel’s service or in connection with its cargo;
“dangerous infectious disease” means any of the diseases set out in the Second Schedule;
“Director” means the Director of Medical Services and includes a Deputy Director of Medical Services and an Assistant Director of Medical Services;
“Director-General” means the Director-General of the Public Health appointed under section 3(1) of the Environmental Public Health Act (Cap.95);
“food establishment” means any place or any premises or part thereof used for the sale or for the preparation or manufacture for sale, or for the storage or packing for sale, of food, whether cooked or not, intended for human consumption;
“Health Officer” means any person who is appointed by the Director-General or the Director to carry out the duties of a Health Officer under this Act;
“HIV Infection” means Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection;
“infected” means infected with the germs of an infectious disease;
“infectious disease” means —
(a)any of the diseases specified in the First Schedule; and
(b)for the purposes of sections 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 47, 55 and 73(1)(g) , includes any other disease —
(i)that is caused or is suspected to be caused by a micro-organism or any agent of disease;
(ii)that is capable or is suspected to be capable of transmission by any means to human beings; and
(iii)that, the Director has reason to believe, if left uninvestigated or unchecked, is likely to result in an epidemic of the disease;
“isolation”, in relation to a person or group of persons, means the separation of that person or group of persons from any other persons, other than —
(a)the health staff in charge of the care and isolation of that person or group of persons; and
(b)such other persons as the Director or the Director-General (as the case may be) may allow;
“master”, in relation to a vessel, means the person for the time being in charge or command of the vessel;
“medical practitioner” means a medical practitioner registered or exempted from registration under the Medical Registration Act (Cap. 174);
“Minister” means —
(a)in relation to sections 3(1), 7(1), 10(1), 17(1) and (2), 19(2), 21(3), 25(1)(k), 26, 47, 52, 54 and 58(1), the Minister charged with the responsibility for health; and
(b)in relation to section 3(2), the Minister charged with the responsibility for the environment ;
“nurse” means a registered nurse or enrolled nurse within the meaning of the Nurses and Midwives Act (Cap. 209);
“occupier”, in relation to any premises or vessel, means the person in occupation of the premises or vessel or having the charge or control thereof either on his own account or as an agent of another person;
“owner”, in relation to any premises or vessel, means the person for the time being receiving the rent of the premises or vessel whether on his own account or as agent, trustee or receiver or who would receive the same if the premises or the vessel were let or chartered;
“port” means any place in Singapore and any navigable river or channel leading into such place declared to be a port under the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act (Cap.170A) and includes an airport;
“Port Health Officer” means any Health Officer in charge of a port and includes his deputies and assistants;
“pratique”, in relation to a vessel, means the written permission granted by a Port Health Officer to the vessel to disembark and commence operation;
“premises” means messuages, buildings, lands, easements and hereditaments of any tenure whether open or enclosed, whether public or private and whether maintained or not under statutory authority, and includes any place or structure or any part thereof used or intended to be used for human habitation or for employment or any other purpose;
“public place” means any place or premises to which the public or any section of the public has access, on payment or otherwise, as of right or by virtue of express or implied permission, and includes any place or premises used by the public or a section of the public for educational or recreational purposes or for assemblage;
“quarantine” means the compulsory detention in isolation for the purpose and under the provisions of this Act of any ships, persons, goods, things, animals or plants;
“quarantine anchorage” means any area of the port which has been appointed for the time being for the quarantine of vessels and declared to be a quarantine anchorage by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore;
“quarantine station” means any island, building or place where quarantine is carried out;
“surveillance” means the subjection of a person or persons to periodical medical examinations or observations with a view to ascertaining his or their state of health;
“vessel” means any ship, boat, aircraft or a vessel of any description used in navigation by sea or air.
[5/92; 7/96; 13/99; 46/99; 5/2001; 26/2001; 4/2002; 5/2003; 7/2003]