Accountants Act
(CHAPTER 2)

(Original Enactment: Act 4 of 2004)

REVISED EDITION 2005
(31st July 2005)
An Act relating to accountants.
[1st April 2004]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Accountants Act.
Interpretation
2.  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“accounting corporation” means a company approved as an accounting corporation under section 17;
“accounting firm” means a firm approved as an accounting firm under section 18;
“accounting limited liability partnership” or “accounting LLP” means a limited liability partnership approved as an accounting limited liability partnership under section 18A;
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“Authority” means the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority established under the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority Act (Cap. 2A);
“Chairman” means the Chairman of the Oversight Committee;
“company” has the same meaning as in the Companies Act (Cap. 50);
“Complaints and Disciplinary Panel” means the Complaints and Disciplinary Panel appointed under section 39;
“Complaints Committee” means a Complaints Committee constituted under Part VI;
“corporate practitioner”  —
(a)in relation to an accounting corporation, means a director or an employee of the corporation who is a public accountant and practising as such in that corporation; and
(b)in relation to an accounting LLP, means a partner or an employee of the accounting LLP who is a public accountant and practising as such in the accounting LLP;
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“costs and expenses”, in relation to any proceedings under Part VI, includes —
(a)the costs and expenses of any legal assessor and any advocate and solicitor appointed by the Oversight Committee for proceedings before a Complaints Committee or a Disciplinary Committee;
(b)such reasonable expenses as the Oversight Committee may pay to witnesses; and
(c)such reasonable expenses as are necessary for, or incidental to, the institution and conduct of proceedings before a Complaints Committee or a Disciplinary Committee;
“Disciplinary Committee” means a Disciplinary Committee constituted under Part VI;
“firm” means a sole proprietorship or partnership;
“lay person”, in relation to the Complaints and Disciplinary Panel, a Complaints Committee or a Disciplinary Committee, means an architect, a banker, an advocate and solicitor, a company director, an insurer, a professional engineer, a medical practitioner or a person who possesses such other qualifications as may be approved by the Oversight Committee;
“limited liability partnership” has the same meaning given to it by section 4(1) of the Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2005 (Act 5 of 2005);
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“manager”, in relation to a limited liability partnership, has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2005;
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“Oversight Committee” means the Public Accountants Oversight Committee appointed by the Authority under section 4;
“professional indemnity insurance” includes insurance indemnifying a public accountant, an accounting corporation, an accounting firm or an accounting LLP against liability to compensate a third party who has sustained financial loss or any other damage or injury due to a breach of professional duty or to any professional negligence on the part of such public accountant, accounting corporation, accounting firm or accounting LLP, as the case may be (including any such negligence by any director of such accounting corporation or any partner of such accounting LLP), or fraud or dishonesty;
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“public accountancy services” means the audit and reporting on financial statements and the doing of such other acts that are required by any written law to be done by a public accountant;
“public accountant” means a person who is registered or deemed to be registered in accordance with this Act as a public accountant;
“Register of Public Accountants” means the register kept and maintained under section 5(1)(a)(i);
“Register of Public Accounting Corporations” means the register kept and maintained under section 5(1)(a)(ii);
“Register of Public Accounting Firms” means the register kept and maintained under section 5(1)(a)(iii);
“Register of Public Accounting Limited Liability Partnerships” means the register kept and maintained under section 5(1)(a)(iv);
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“Registrar” means the Registrar of Public Accountants appointed by the Authority under section 7(1)(a) and includes a Deputy Registrar and an Assistant Registrar appointed under section 7(1)(b);
“relevant particulars”, in relation to a public accountant, an accounting corporation, an accounting firm or an accounting LLP, means such particulars of the public accountant, accounting corporation, accounting firm or accounting LLP as the Oversight Committee may determine to be relevant for inclusion in the Register of Public Accountants, the Register of Public Accounting Corporations, the Register of Public Accounting Firms or the Register of Public Accounting Limited Liability Partnerships, as the case may be;
[11/2006 wef 06/10/2006]
“repealed Accountants Act” means the Accountants Act (Cap. 2, 2001 Ed.) in force immediately before 1st April 2004;
“rules” means rules made under section 64;
“voting share”, in relation to a company or an accounting corporation, means an issued share in the company or accounting corporation other than —
(a)a share to which, in no circumstances, is there attached a right to vote; or
(b)a share to which there is attached a right to vote only in one or more of the following circumstances:
(i)during a period in which a dividend (or part of a dividend) in respect of the share is in arrears;
(ii)upon a proposal to reduce the share capital of the company or accounting corporation;
(iii)upon a proposal that affects rights attached to the share;
(iv)upon a proposal to wind up the company or accounting corporation;
(v)upon a proposal for the disposal of the whole of the property, business and undertakings of the company or accounting corporation;
(vi)during the winding up of the company or accounting corporation.