Fraudulent deeds and dispositions of property
Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent distribution among creditors
421.  Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently removes, conceals, or delivers to any person, or transfers or causes to be transferred to any person, without adequate consideration, any property, intending thereby to prevent, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby prevent, the distribution of that property according to law among his creditors or the creditors of any other person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
[51/2007]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 421]
Dishonestly or fraudulently preventing a debt or demand due to the offender from being made available for his creditors
422.  Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently prevents any debt or demand due to himself or to any other person from being made available according to law for payment of his debts or the debts of such other person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
[51/2007]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 422]
Dishonest or fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing a false statement of consideration
423.  Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently signs, executes, or becomes a party to any deed or instrument which purports to transfer or subject to any charge any property, or any interest therein, and which contains any false statement relating to the consideration for such transfer or charge, or relating to the person or persons for whose use or benefit it is really intended to operate, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
[51/2007]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 423]
Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property or release of claim
424.  Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently conceals or removes any property of himself or any other person, or dishonestly or fraudulently assists in the concealment or removal thereof, or dishonestly releases any demand or claim to which he is entitled, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years, or with fine, or with both.
[51/2007]
[Indian PC 1860, s. 424]
Fraud by false representation, non-disclosure or abuse of position not connected with contracts for goods or services
424A.—(1)  A person shall be guilty of an offence if he, fraudulently or dishonestly —
(a)makes a false representation;
(b)fails to disclose to another person information which he is under a legal duty to disclose; or
(c)abuses, whether by act or omission, a position which he occupies in which he is expected to safeguard, or not to act against, the financial interests of another person.
(2)  A person may be guilty of an offence under subsection (1) whether or not the acts in subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) were material.
(3)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall on conviction be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 20 years, or with fine, or with both.
(4)  This section does not apply where the false representation, failure to disclose or abuse of position mentioned in subsection (1) is directly connected with a written or oral contract for the supply of goods or services.
(5)  For the purposes of this section and section 424B —
(a)“representation” means any representation as to fact or law, including a representation as to the state of mind of the person making the representation, or any other person;
(b)a person makes a false representation if it is untrue or misleading, and that person knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading;
(c)a representation may be express or implied; and
(d)a representation may be regarded as made if it (or anything implying it) is submitted in any form to any system or device designed to receive, convey or respond to communications (with or without human intervention).
[Act 15 of 2019 wef 01/01/2020]