REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
GOVERNMENT GAZETTE
ACTS SUPPLEMENT
Published by Authority

NO. 5]Friday, February 28 [2020

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 4 February 2020 and assented to by the President on 20 February 2020:—
Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020

(No. 9 of 2020)


I assent.

HALIMAH YACOB,
President.
20 February 2020.
Date of Commencement: 3 April 2020 Sections 2(c), (d), (e), (g), (h), (j), (k), (l), (n) and (o), 3, 4, 9 to 21, 22(d), 24, 26, 27, 28(1) and (2), 29 and the Schedule
An Act to amend the Active Mobility Act 2017 (Act 3 of 2017) to deal with personal mobility devices and other vehicles in relation to public paths and to make related amendments to the Road Traffic Act (Chapter 276 of the 2004 Revised Edition).
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
Short title and commencement
1.  This Act is the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020 and comes into operation on a date that the Minister appoints by notification in the Gazette.
Amendment of section 2
2.  Section 2 of the Active Mobility Act 2017 (called in this Act the principal Act) is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “accessories” in subsection (1), the following definition:
“ “appropriate supervisor” has the meaning given by section 23A(4);”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “code of conduct” in subsection (1), the following definition:
“ “competency test certificate”, for a class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle, means a certificate granted under section 23F certifying that an individual has passed the prescribed test of competence for that class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle;”;
(c)by inserting, immediately after the words “bicycle or” in the definition of “footpath” in subsection (1), the word “non‑motorised”;
(d)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “identification card” in subsection (1), the following definition:
“ “install”, in relation to any wayfinding signage, includes paint or mark on a surface in an indelible way;”;
(e)by inserting, immediately after the words “of its construction” in paragraph (b) of the definition of “mechanised sweeper” in subsection (1), the words “of driving itself and”;
(f)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “mechanised sweeper” in subsection (1), the following definition:
“ “mobile communication device” has the meaning given by section 22A(4);”;
(g)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “mobility scooter” in subsection (1), the following definitions:
“ “motor vehicle” includes —
(a)an automatic detection device that has wheels, a motor and is constructed to drive itself;
(b)a robotic machine designed to move and operate independently of human control when the computer that controls it is programmed; or
(c)a motor vehicle that is constructed to drive itself,
but excludes a wheeled toy or model car that can be remotely operated;
“motorised personal mobility device” or “motorised PMD” means a personal mobility device other than a non‑motorised personal mobility device;”;
(h)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “non‑compliant power‑assisted bicycle” in subsection (1), the following definition:
“ “non‑motorised personal mobility device” means a personal mobility device that is designed to be propelled by human power only;”;
(i)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “premises” in subsection (1), the following definitions:
“ “prescribed minimum riding age” has the meaning given in section 23A(1);
“prescribed test of competence”, in relation to driving or riding a vehicle on a public path, means a test of subject matter prescribed by regulations to test an individual’s knowledge of safe driving or riding practices and law on public paths;”;
(j)by deleting the words “an individual” in the definition of “repeat offender” in subsection (1) and substituting the words “a person”;
(k)by deleting the words “he or she” in paragraph (b) of the definition of “repeat offender” in subsection (1) and substituting the words “the person”;
(l)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “ride” in subsection (1), the following definition:
“ “ride” or “riding”, only in relation to a motor vehicle that drives itself, means —
(a)cause or causing the vehicle to operate and move; or
(b)initiate or initiating the operation and movement of the vehicle without the need for anyone to operate or permit the operation of systems that cause the vehicle to move;”;
(m)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “sidewalk” in subsection (1), the following definitions:
“ “test authority”, for a class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle, means an individual designated by the Minister to be a test authority for that class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle;
“test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle” means a class or description of bicycle, personal mobility device, PAB, motorised wheelchair, mobility scooter or mechanised sweeper that is prescribed in regulations for the purposes of Division 2A of Part 3;”;
(n)by inserting, immediately after the definition of “Town Council” in subsection (1), the following definitions:
“ “uncertified vehicle” means a bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter which does not have in force a certificate issued under section 35C where an inspection or periodic inspections of the vehicle is required under section 35A;
“uncertified vehicle advertisement” means an advertisement that gives publicity to, or otherwise promotes or is intended to promote the purchase or use of, an uncertified vehicle or a range of uncertified vehicles;
“under‑aged rider”, in relation to a motorised PMD, means an individual riding the PMD who is below the prescribed minimum riding age for riding the motorised PMD on a shared path;”; and
(o)by inserting, immediately after subsection (4), the following subsections:
(5)  For the purposes of this Act, a motor vehicle is constructed to drive itself if its construction enables it to operate in a mode in which it is not being controlled and does not need to be monitored by an individual in or on the vehicle.
(6)  To avoid doubt, a reference in this Act to an offence under or a contravention of any Part includes a reference to an offence under or a contravention of any regulations made for the purposes of that Part.”.
Amendment of section 16
3.  Section 16 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the words “a PAB” in subsection (1)(a), the words “or a motorised personal mobility device”;
(b)by deleting the words “personal mobility device,” in subsection (1)(b);
(c)by inserting, immediately after the words “a PAB” in subsection (2), the words “or a motorised personal mobility device”;
(d)by deleting the words “or operating” in subsection (3);
(e)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (4) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.”;
(f)by inserting, immediately after subsection (4), the following subsection:
(5)  In relation to an offence under subsection (4), “repeat offender” extends to include an individual who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty, on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the individual is convicted or found guilty of the current offence, of —
(i)the same offence; or
(ii)an offence under subsection (4) as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 3 of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020.”; and
(g)by inserting, immediately after the word “PABs” in the section heading, the word “, etc.,”.
Amendment of section 18
4.  Section 18 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “a personal mobility device” in subsection (1)(b) and substituting the words “a non‑motorised personal mobility device”; and
(b)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (3) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both; but
(b)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.”.
New section 22A
5.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 22, the following section:
Use of mobile communication device when driving or riding on public path
22A.—(1)  Subject to this Act, the driver or rider of a vehicle must not hold in his or her hand a mobile communication device and operate any of its communication or other functions, when the vehicle is moving on a public path.
(2)  A driver or rider of a vehicle who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the driver or rider is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
(3)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not apply —
(a)to a vehicle or motor vehicle when it is driving itself; or
(b)to a mobile communication device that is a wearable device (such as a smart watch), when it is worn by the driver or rider in the manner intended by the manufacturer of the wearable device.
(4)  In this section —
“communication function” means —
(a)sending or receiving audio phone calls, text messages, video calls, video messages, written messages or images;
(b)sending or receiving electronic documents; or
(c)providing access to the Internet;
“mobile communication device” means —
(a)a mobile phone; or
(b)any wireless handheld device (such as a tablet computer) or wearable device (such as a smart watch) designed or capable of being used for a communication function.”.
Amendment of section 23
6.  Section 23(1) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after the words “residential address,” in paragraph (c), the words “whether he or she is covered by third‑party liability insurance for driving or riding on public paths and the name of the insurer,”.
New sections 23A, 23B and 23C
7.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 23, the following sections:
Under‑aged riding on shared path
23A.—(1)  Subject to subsection (3), an individual commits an offence if the individual rides a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path when he or she is below the prescribed minimum riding age for riding the motorised personal mobility device on the shared path.
(2)  An individual who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
(3)  Subsection (1) does not apply where the individual riding the motorised personal mobility device on a shared path is riding under escort by one or more appropriate supervisors (whether or not a parent or guardian).
(4)  In this section —
“appropriate supervisor”, in relation to an under‑aged rider, means an individual who has attained a minimum supervising age prescribed;
“riding under escort”, in relation to an under‑aged rider on a shared path, means —
(a)having by agreement, understanding or other arrangement of any kind for the purposes of this section or section 23C in relation to the under‑aged rider, an appropriate supervisor being on or in the vicinity of the shared path when the under‑aged rider is riding on the shared path; and
(b)riding in such a way that the appropriate supervisor has a clear and unobstructed line of sight of the under‑aged rider when the under‑aged rider is riding on the shared path.
(5)  Regulations may be made prescribing —
(a)different minimum riding ages for different classes or description of motorised personal mobility devices; and
(b)different minimum supervising ages for different classes or description of motorised personal mobility devices.
Facilitating under‑aged riding
23B.—(1)  Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a person commits an offence if —
(a)the person invites, allows or facilitates an individual to ride a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path when the individual is below the prescribed minimum riding age for riding the motorised personal mobility device on the shared path;
(b)the person knows that, or is negligent as to whether, both the following circumstances apply:
(i)the individual is below the prescribed minimum riding age for riding the motorised personal mobility device on that shared path;
(ii)the individual is not escorted or to be escorted while so riding, by an appropriate supervisor (whether or not a parent or guardian) who has the prescribed qualifications; and
(c)the individual does ride a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path when an under‑aged rider.
(2)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
(3)  In any proceedings for an offence under subsection (1), it is a defence for the accused to prove, on a balance of probabilities, that the accused —
(a)had reasonable grounds to believe and did make reasonable inquiries to ascertain that the individual riding or about to ride a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path was not an under‑aged rider; or
(b)had received from the individual riding or about to ride a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path, evidence purporting to show that that individual was not an under‑aged rider, and that it was reasonable to and the accused did accept that evidence as correct.
(4)  In this section, “facilitate”, in relation to an individual riding a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path, means any conduct by a person that enables or aids the individual to ride the motorised personal mobility device on a shared path where either the person —
(a)intends that the conduct would enable or aid the individual to ride the motorised personal mobility device on a shared path; or
(b)is reckless as to whether or not the conduct would enable or aid the individual to ride the motorised personal mobility device on a shared path,
but excludes mere advertising and selling (but not letting for hire) a motorised personal mobility device.
(5)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not limit the term “abetment” under the Penal Code (Cap. 224).
Appropriate supervisor’s duties for under‑aged riding
23C.—(1)  Subject to this Act, an appropriate supervisor with prescribed qualifications referred to in section 23B(1)(b)(ii) commits an offence if —
(a)he or she is, by agreement, understanding or other arrangement of any kind with an under‑aged rider, the appropriate supervisor for the purposes of this section or section 23A to escort the under‑aged rider when riding a motorised personal mobility device on a shared path; and
(b)he or she fails to take, so far as is reasonable and practicable, such measures as are necessary —
(i)to ensure that the under‑aged rider does not ride in contravention of this Part and Part 3A, and in a manner that is dangerous to people or property; and
(ii)to carry out any other duties where prescribed in relation to the appropriate supervisor or the motorised personal mobility device.
(2)  Where in any proceedings for an offence under subsection (1), it is alleged that an appropriate supervisor failed to do something so far as is reasonable and practicable in relation to a requirement in subsection (1)(b), it is for the accused to prove, on a balance of probabilities, that —
(a)it was not reasonable or not practicable to do more than what was in fact done to satisfy that requirement; and
(b)there was no better practicable means than was in fact used to satisfy that requirement.
(3)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.”.
New Division 2A of Part 3
8.  The principal Act, as amended by section 7, is amended by inserting, immediately after section 23C, the following Division:
Division 2A — Competency test for riding, etc.,
on public paths
Unauthorised riding of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicles
23D.—(1)  An individual commits an offence if the individual —
(a)drives or rides on a public path a test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle of a class or description;
(b)is not granted a competency test certificate from a test authority for that class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle certifying that the individual has passed the prescribed test of competence for that class or description of vehicle; and
(c)is not excluded under subsection (2) or not exempted from this provision under section 66.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to —
(a)an under‑aged rider riding a test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle of a class or description on a public path; or
(b)an individual (but not an under‑aged rider) riding a test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle in circumstances prescribed in regulations.
(3)  An individual who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both; but
(b)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.
Employing, etc., untested rider, etc., on public path
23E.—(1)  Subject to this Act, a person commits an offence if —
(a)the person employs, or intentionally or negligently allows, an individual to drive or ride a test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle of a class or description on a public path;
(b)the individual in paragraph (a) is not granted a competency test certificate for that class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle and is not excluded under section 23D(2); and
(c)the person knows that, or is negligent as to whether, the individual is not granted a competency test certificate for that class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle.
(2)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not apply to a person who carries on at any premises a business of selling test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicles allowing, in the course of that business and for the purpose of selling the vehicle, a customer of the business concerned at the customer’s request to drive or ride a test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle within any part of those premises not comprising a public path.
(3)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both; but
(b)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.
Grant by test authority of competency test certificate
23F.—(1)  The test authority for a class or description of a test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle may, on the application under subsection (2) by an individual, grant the individual a competency test certificate certifying that the individual has passed the prescribed test of competence for that class or description of vehicle if, and only if, the test authority is satisfied that the individual —
(a)has attended and successfully completed, not earlier than a prescribed time before that application is made, a prescribed test of competence relating to the class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle which is the subject of the application; and
(b)is not below the prescribed minimum riding age, if applicable, relating to that test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle which is a motorised personal mobility device.
(2)  An application for a competency test certificate must —
(a)be in the form and manner the relevant test authority requires;
(b)be accompanied by an application fee, if prescribed;
(c)state the class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle that is the subject of the application; and
(d)contain an undertaking to take, or a declaration that the applicant has attended and successfully completed (as the case may be) a prescribed test of competence to drive or ride the class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle which is the subject of the application.
(3)  A test authority may refuse to consider an application under subsection (2) that is incomplete or not made in accordance with this section.
(4)  To avoid doubt, a competency test certificate may be granted in a digital form, consisting of evidence of the grant of the competency test certificate using information relating to the individual granted the competency test certificate that is displayed on a mobile communication device or other electronic device.
Validity of competency test certificate
23G.—(1)  Subject to this section, every competency test certificate granted to an individual for a class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle remains in force —
(a)for the period specified in the competency test certificate; or
(b)for the natural life of the individual if no period in paragraph (a) is specified.
(2)  A test authority may cancel a competency test certificate granted to an individual for a class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle if —
(a)the test authority is satisfied that the competency test certificate had been obtained by the individual by fraud or misrepresentation; or
(b)the prescribed test of competence for the same class or description of test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle has so materially changed after the grant of the competency test certificate as to affect the assessment of the individual’s continued competency to drive or ride the test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicle.
(3)  A competency test certificate granted to an individual may be cancelled by a test authority under subsection (2) by the test authority giving notice to the individual concerned of the cancellation.
(4)  A competency test certificate that is cancelled under subsection (2) is void from the date of cancellation specified in the notice under subsection (3).
Unlawful use of competency test certificate
23H.—(1)  A person commits an offence if the person —
(a)has in the person’s possession, without lawful authority or a reasonable excuse an article so resembling a competency test certificate as to be calculated to deceive;
(b)alters a competency test certificate in a way that is calculated to deceive;
(c)dishonestly alters or uses a competency test certificate; or
(d)dishonestly lends, or allows another person to use, a competency test certificate.
(2)  A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.”.
Amendment of section 27
9.  Section 27 of the principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after subsection (8), the following subsection:
(9)  In this section, “repair” includes repainting or re‑marking a sign that is painted or marked on a wall or floor.”.
Amendment of section 28C
10.  Section 28C(2) of the principal Act is amended by deleting the word “unique” in paragraphs (a) and (b).
Amendment of section 28D
11.  Section 28D of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the word “or” at the end of paragraph (b); and
(b)by deleting the full‑stop at the end of paragraph (c) and substituting a semi‑colon, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following paragraphs:
(d)the registered responsible person for the registrable personal mobility device refuses or neglects to comply with any order given to the registered responsible person under section 47(1)(b), whether or not that person is convicted of an offence; or
(e)the Authority is satisfied that a condition of registration of the registrable personal mobility device has been contravened or is being contravened.”.
New Division heading of Part 4
12.  Part 4 of the principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately above section 29, the following Division heading:
Division 1 — Dealing and advertisements”.
Amendment of section 30
13.  Section 30 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “or non‑compliant mobility vehicle” in subsection (1) and substituting the words “, non‑compliant mobility vehicle or uncertified vehicle”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the words “it is non‑compliant” in subsection (1)(b), the words “or uncertified, as the case may be”;
(c)by deleting the words “or non‑compliant mobility vehicle” in subsection (2) and substituting the words “, non‑compliant mobility vehicle or uncertified vehicle”;
(d)by deleting the words “or non‑compliant mobility vehicles” in subsection (3) and substituting the words “, non‑compliant mobility vehicles or uncertified vehicles”;
(e)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (4) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $20,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $40,000.”; and
(f)by inserting, immediately after subsection (4), the following subsection:
(5)  In relation to an offence under subsection (4), “repeat offender” extends to include a person who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty, on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the person is convicted or found guilty of the current offence, of —
(i)the same offence; or
(ii)an offence under subsection (4) as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 13 of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020.”.
Amendment of section 31
14.  Section 31 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $10,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $20,000.”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after sub‑paragraph (i) of subsection (3)(a), the following sub‑paragraph:
(ia)the riding of motorised personal mobility devices on any footpath is unlawful;”; and
(c)by inserting, immediately after subsection (3), the following subsection:
(4)  In relation to an offence under subsection (2), “repeat offender” extends to include a person who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty, on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the person is convicted or found guilty of the current offence, of —
(i)the same offence; or
(ii)an offence under subsection (2) as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 14 of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020.”.
Amendment of section 32
15.  Section 32 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “or a non‑compliant mobility vehicle advertisement” in subsections (1)(a) and (b) and (3) and substituting in each case the words “, a non‑compliant mobility vehicle advertisement or an uncertified vehicle advertisement”;
(b)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $20,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $40,000.”; and
(c)by inserting, immediately after subsection (3), the following subsection:
(4)  In relation to an offence under subsection (2), “repeat offender” extends to include a person who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty, on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the person is convicted or found guilty of the current offence, of —
(i)the same offence; or
(ii)an offence under subsection (2) as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 15 of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020.”.
Amendment of section 33
16.  Section 33(2) of the principal Act is amended by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $20,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $40,000.”.
Amendment of section 34
17.  Section 34 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “or non‑compliant bicycle” in subsection (1)(b) and (c) and substituting in each case the words “, non‑compliant bicycle or uncertified vehicle”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after the words “non‑compliant mobility vehicle” in subsection (1A)(b), the words “or an uncertified vehicle”;
(c)by inserting, immediately after subsection (4), the following subsection:
(4A)  Subsections (3) and (4) apply in relation to an uncertified vehicle as they apply to a non‑compliant personal mobility device; and any reference in those subsections to a non‑compliant personal mobility device includes a reference to an uncertified vehicle.”;
(d)by inserting, immediately after the words “excepted non‑compliant vehicle” wherever they appear in subsections (5) and (6), the words “or excepted uncertified vehicle”;
(e)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (7) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $40,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 48 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $40,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $80,000.”;
(f)by deleting the word “and” at the end of paragraph (a) of subsection (8), and by inserting immediately thereafter the following paragraph:
(aa)reference to an excepted uncertified vehicle is a reference to an uncertified vehicle of a prescribed model or description; and”; and
(g)by inserting, immediately after subsection (9), the following subsection:
(10)  In relation to an offence under subsection (1), (1A) or (6), “repeat offender” extends to include a person who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty, on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the person is convicted or found guilty of the current offence, of —
(i)the same offence; or
(ii)an offence under subsection (1), (1A) or (6) as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 17 of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020.”.
Amendment of section 35
18.  Section 35 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “and in the course of business” in subsection (1)(a);
(b)by deleting the words “belonging to another person (called in this section the owner)” in subsection (1)(a) and substituting the words “belonging to the person or to another person”;
(c)by deleting the words “owner of the” in subsection (1)(b) and substituting the word “altered”;
(d)by deleting the words “intends to ride the altered personal mobility device, PAB or bicycle or to drive the altered mobility scooter or motorised wheelchair” in subsection (1)(b) and substituting the words “is likely to be ridden or driven”;
(e)by deleting paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) and substituting the following paragraphs:
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $40,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 48 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $40,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $80,000.”; and
(f)by inserting, immediately after subsection (5), the following subsection:
(5A)  In relation to an offence under subsection (2), “repeat offender” extends to include a person who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty, on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the person is convicted or found guilty of the current offence, of —
(i)the same offence; or
(ii)an offence under subsection (2) as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 18 of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020.”.
New Division 2 of Part 4
19.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 35, the following Division:
Division 2 — Mandatory testing
Order by Minister requiring inspection
35A.—(1)  The Minister may, by order in the Gazette, provide that with effect from a date specified in the order, an inspection is or periodic inspections are required for or in respect of every bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter in a class or description of bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter specified in the order, so as to maintain compliance with the prescribed requirements relating to the construction and condition of and registration marks applicable to the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter, as the case may be.
(2)  An order under subsection (1) must specify —
(a)the class or description of bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter in respect of an inspection is required under this Division; and
(b)whether that inspection is periodic and if so, the intervals that the inspection must be carried out.
Inspections by designated examiner
35B.—(1)  An inspection for the purposes of an order under section 35A(1) must be carried out by the Authority or a person authorised by the Authority (called in this Act a designated examiner).
(2)  A designated examiner must —
(a)conduct an examination or assessment of a vehicle that is the subject of an order under section 35A(1) in the prescribed manner;
(b)on completion of the examination or assessment, prepare and sign a report of the result of the examination or assessment; and
(c)give a copy of the report to the Authority without delay.
(3)  A designated examiner commits an offence if he or she intentionally prepares or signs a report of the result of an examination or assessment —
(a)relating to a bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter that the designated examiner did not examine or assess; or
(b)that is calculated to deceive.
(4)  A designated examiner who is guilty of an offence under subsection (3) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the designated examiner is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
Certification of inspection
35C.—(1)  The Authority may issue to the owner of a bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter to which a report under section 35B(2)(b) relates, a certificate indicating that the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) has been inspected under this Division where —
(a)the Authority receives from a designated examiner a report mentioned in section 35B(2)(b) in relation to that bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter;
(b)the report states that the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) is in compliance or continues to be in compliance with the prescribed requirements relating to its construction and condition and registration marks; and
(c)the Authority is satisfied that the designated examiner had carried out the examination and assessment of the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) in accordance with the regulations.
(2)  A certificate issued under subsection (1) with respect to a bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter is in force in respect of that bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter until the happening of the earlier of the following:
(a)the certificate is cancelled under subsection (3);
(b)the date of expiry specified in the certificate, if any.
(3)  The Authority may cancel any certificate issued under subsection (1) with respect to a bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter if the Authority —
(a)is satisfied that —
(i)the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) has become wholly unfit for further use;
(ii)the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) has been forfeited pursuant to this Act or any written law;
(iii)the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) is unclaimed for the purposes of section 53 and is disposed of in accordance with that section;
(iv)the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) is or has become a non‑compliant personal mobility device, a non‑compliant bicycle or a non‑compliant mobility vehicle; or
(v)the person given an order under section 47(1)(b), in relation to the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) refuses or neglects to comply with the order given to the person, whether or not the person is convicted of an offence; or
(b)becomes aware of a circumstance that would have required or permitted the Authority to refuse to issue a certificate under subsection (1) with respect to the bicycle, personal mobility device, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) had the Authority been aware of the circumstance immediately before issuing the certificate.
Division 3 — Presumptions and evidence”.
New section 36A
20.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 36, the following section:
Presumption concerning vehicle owner for section 35 offence
36A.  Without limiting section 36, in proceedings for an offence under section 35, it is presumed, until the contrary is proved, that the person who is the owner of the vehicle in respect of which the offence is committed had altered or caused to be altered (whether in the course of repair or otherwise) the vehicle so as to render it a non‑compliant personal mobility device, non‑compliant PAB, non‑compliant bicycle or non‑compliant mobility vehicle (as the case may be) if it is proved that —
(a)a certificate was issued under section 35C in respect of the vehicle; and
(b)the person was the owner of the vehicle when the certificate under section 35C was issued.”.
Amendment of section 44
21.  Section 44(2) of the principal Act is amended by deleting the words “by retail, or altering any bicycle, PAB or personal mobility device” in paragraph (a) and substituting the words “by retail any bicycle, PAB, personal mobility device, mobility scooter or motorised wheelchair, or used for altering any bicycle, PAB, personal mobility device, mobility scooter or motorised wheelchair”.
Amendment of section 47
22.  Section 47 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after the words “may be used” in subsection (1), the words “, or that any person driving or riding a vehicle,”;
(b)by deleting the word “or” at the end of subsection (1)(a);
(c)by inserting, immediately after paragraph (a) of subsection (1), the following paragraph:
(aa)order the driver or rider of the vehicle to produce his or her competency test certificate for examination or other identity documents so as to enable the authorised officer, public path warden or outsourced enforcement officer (as the case may be) to ascertain the identity of the driver or rider and the authority by which any competency test certificate was granted; or”;
(d)by inserting, immediately after subsection (1), the following subsection:
(1A)  However, only an authorised officer may pursuant to an order under section 35A(1) give an order under subsection (1)(b) requiring a vehicle to be delivered for an inspection by a designated examiner.”;
(e)by inserting, immediately after subsection (4), the following subsections:
(4A)  An individual driving or riding a vehicle who, in purported compliance with any order given to him or her under subsection (1)(aa) by an authorised officer or outsourced enforcement officer or a public path warden —
(a)produces to an authorised officer, an outsourced enforcement officer or a public path warden —
(i)a competency test certificate that is altered in a way that is calculated to deceive (whether or not it was already a false document before the alteration or it was altered by the individual), knowing that it is so altered;
(ii)an article resembling a competency test certificate and calculated to deceive, knowing that the document is not a competency test certificate; or
(iii)a competency test certificate that was not granted to the individual, knowing that it was not so granted to that individual; and
(b)with the intention of dishonestly inducing the authorised officer, outsourced enforcement officer or public path warden to accept it as genuine,
commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.
(4B)  A driver or rider of a vehicle to whom an order under subsection (1)(aa) is given who refuses or neglects to comply with the order commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction —
(a)to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both; but
(b)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.
(4C)  However, subsection (4B) does not apply if within 48 hours after an order is given to a driver or rider of a vehicle under subsection (1)(aa), the driver or rider produces the competency test certificate in person at any of the offices of the Authority that is specified by the authorised officer, outsourced enforcement officer or public path warden at the time the order was given.
(4D)  An individual to whom a digital competency test certificate is granted who holds, or produces or carries a mobile communication device or other electronic device on which the digital competency test certificate is displayed for the purpose of complying with an order under subsection (1)(aa) to produce a competency test certificate is taken to have produced a competency test certificate for that purpose.
(4E)  However, a digital competency test certificate is not displayed for the purpose of complying with an order under subsection (1)(aa) to produce or carry a competency test certificate if —
(a)the screen of the mobile communication device or other electronic device on which it is purportedly displayed is unable to be read by the person to whom it is displayed due to cracking, dimming, dirt or any other fault, damage or obstruction;
(b)the individual fails or refuses to comply with a reasonable request by the person to whom it is purported to be displayed to facilitate the reading, copying or scanning of the whole or any part of the digital competency test certificate; or
(c)the holder of the digital competency test certificate refuses to comply with a reasonable direction to refresh the display of the digital competency test certificate.
(4F)  To avoid doubt, an individual who displays or purports to display a digital competency test certificate is not required to give or hand over, to the person who is requiring the competency test certificate to be produced or handed over, the mobile communication device or other electronic device on which the digital competency test certificate is displayed or purported to be displayed.”; and
(f)by inserting, immediately after the words “weigh vehicle” in the section heading, the words “or produce competency test certificate”.
Amendment of section 50
23.  Section 50 of the principal Act is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after subsection (4), the following subsections:
(5)  An authorised officer, an outsourced enforcement officer or a public path warden may, with no other authority than this section, seize a competency test certificate or an article resembling a competency test certificate if —
(a)the competency test certificate or article is produced to the authorised officer, outsourced enforcement officer or public path warden pursuant to an order under section 47(1)(aa) or otherwise, by an individual who represents it as a competency test certificate granted to that individual; and
(b)the authorised officer, outsourced enforcement officer or public path warden has reason to believe that —
(i)the competency test certificate is unlawfully in the possession of that individual who produced it; or
(ii)the competency test certificate or article is evidence of the commission of an offence under section 23H or 47(4A).
(6)  Every competency test certificate seized under subsection (5) must be forwarded to the Authority, and the Authority may —
(a)return the competency test certificate to the individual who produced it, if the Authority is satisfied that the competency test certificate was lawfully in the possession of the individual who produced it; or
(b)in any other case, deal with it in such manner as the Authority thinks fit.
(7)  However, the authority conferred by subsection (5) to seize a competency test certificate or any article resembling a competency test certificate does not extend to a mobile communication device or other electronic device on which a digital competency test certificate is displayed.”; and
(b)by inserting, immediately after the words “seize vehicles” in the section heading, the words “or competency test certificates”.
Amendment of section 57
24.  Section 57(1) of the principal Act is amended by deleting the words “in connection with the registration of a registrable personal mobility device under Part 3A” in paragraph (d)(i) and substituting the words “under this Act”.
New sections 58A, 58B and 58C
25.  The principal Act is amended by inserting, immediately after section 58, the following sections:
Employer to ensure employee, etc., riders are insured
58A.—(1)  Every —
(a)licensee or class licensee under the Shared Mobility Enterprises (Control and Licensing) Act 2020 who makes available for hire by any individual any bicycle, personal mobility device, power‑assisted bicycle, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter to drive or ride wholly or partly on any public path; or
(b)person who, in the course of a prescribed business —
(i)provides any bicycle, personal mobility device, power‑assisted bicycle, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter for hire or use by an individual who —
(A)is the person’s employee or outworker; and
(B)drives or rides on any public path in the performance of duties in the course of employment or under an outwork arrangement with that person; or
(ii)engages an individual under a contract of employment or an outwork arrangement to perform duties or carry out work involving driving or riding on any public path any bicycle, personal mobility device, power‑assisted bicycle, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter owned or provided by the individual,
must take all reasonable and practicable measures to ensure that the individual is insured and maintains insurance for a prescribed minimum amount under one or more approved policies with an insurer within the meaning of the Insurance Act (Cap. 142) against third‑party liabilities for death or personal injury which the individual may incur with respect to driving or riding the bicycle, personal mobility device, power‑assisted bicycle, motorised wheelchair or mobility scooter (as the case may be) on public paths during the hiring from the licensee or class licensee or the individual’s employment or outwork arrangement with that person, as the case may be.
(2)  A person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction —
(a)where the person is an individual — to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case — to a fine not exceeding $20,000.
(3)  Where in any proceedings for an offence under subsection (1), it is alleged that a person failed to do something so far as is reasonable and practicable in relation to a requirement in that subsection, it is for the accused to prove, on a balance of probabilities, that —
(a)it was not reasonable or not practicable to do more than what was in fact done to satisfy that requirement; and
(b)there was no better practicable means than was in fact used to satisfy that requirement.
(4)  In this section —
“approved policy” means a policy of insurance not subject to any conditions, exclusions or exceptions prohibited by regulations;
“outwork arrangement” means a contract, an agreement, understanding or other arrangement of any kind (whether written or unwritten) with a contractor —
(a)under which an individual (whether or not in the course of business or providing other services) performs work contracted to be performed under that contract, agreement, understanding or other arrangement for the contractor; and
(b)that is not a contract of employment;
“outworker” means an individual who performs work under an outwork arrangement.
Court may order undergoing course
58B.—(1)  Where —
(a)an individual (called in this section the offender), is convicted of an offence in Division 2 or 2A of Part 3;
(b)at the time of the commission of the offence, the offender was the driver of a motorised wheelchair or a mechanised sweeper, or the rider of a bicycle, personal mobility device, PAB or mobility scooter; and
(c)the court convicting the offender of the offence is, having regard to the circumstances of the commission of the offence and the character and conduct of the offender, of the opinion that to prevent another commission of an offence under Part 3, the offender should undergo training on safe driving or riding on public paths,
the court may, in addition to imposing on the offender the punishment provided for the offence under this Act, make an order requiring him or her to attend and complete, at the offender’s own expense, a course designed to increase knowledge of, and to encourage, safe driving and riding behaviour on public paths as the court specifies.
(2)  An offender may appeal against an order of a court under subsection (1) in the same manner as against a conviction, and the court may if it thinks fit, pending the appeal, suspend the operation of the order.
Immaterial that more than one offence committed
58C.  To avoid doubt, in any proceedings for an offence under any provision in Division 2 or 2A of Part 3 or Part 3A involving an accused driving or riding on a public path, it is immaterial that the accused is riding or driving —
(a)a class or description of vehicle the riding of which on that public path is otherwise unlawful under any other provision in Part 3; and
(b)in a manner that also constitutes an offence under any other provision in Part 3 or 3A.”.
Amendment of section 67
26.  Section 67(2) of the principal Act is amended by deleting the full‑stop at the end of paragraph (m) and substituting a semi‑colon, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following paragraphs:
(n)the nature of tests of competence to drive or ride on public paths test‑needed‑to‑drive vehicles, the administration of the tests of competence, and evidence of the result of attending and successfully completing any such test;
(o)the conduct of examinations and assessments of vehicles under Division 2 of Part 4 and the process of applying for the issue of a certificate under section 35C, including —
(i)the specification of standards of design, construction, manufacture, maintenance, processing, testing, supply, approval, and identification of such vehicle and products used in connection with these vehicles;
(ii)the tests to be conducted;
(iii)the format of reports of examinations and assessments by designated examiners, including the specification of information required in all reports of designated examiners for the purposes of Division 2 of Part 4; and
(iv)the keeping of records for, and provision of information to, the Authority of examinations and assessments carried out for the purposes of Division 2 of Part 4;
(p)the records that are to be kept by any person to whom section 58A applies, about employees and outworkers whom the person engages or employs to drive or ride on any public path, and the insurance policies relating to these employees or outworkers which are required by that section.”.
Miscellaneous amendments to penalties, etc.
27.—(1)  The sections of the principal Act specified in the first column of the Schedule to this Act are amended by deleting the fine or term of imprisonment or both specified in the second column of the Schedule opposite that section and substituting in each case the fine or term of imprisonment or both (as the case may be) specified in the third column of that Schedule.
(2)  Sections 15(3) and 17(2) of the principal Act are amended by deleting the words “or operating”.
(3)  Section 22(1) of the principal Act is amended by deleting the words “or operate” in paragraph (c).
(4)  Section 41 of the principal Act is amended by deleting subsection (7).
(5)  Section 59A of the principal Act is amended by deleting subsection (2).
Related amendments to Road Traffic Act
28.—(1)  Section 5 of the Road Traffic Act (Cap. 276) is amended —
(a)by inserting, immediately after subsection (7), the following subsection:
(7AA)  Despite subsection (7), where the vehicle involved in an offence is a power‑assisted bicycle, then a person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (5) or (6) shall be liable on conviction —
(a)where the person is an individual —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; but
(ii)where the individual is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $40,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 48 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case —
(i)to a fine not exceeding $40,000; but
(ii)where the person is a repeat offender, to a fine not exceeding $80,000.”; and
(b)by deleting the full‑stop at the end of the definition of “non‑compliant vehicle or trailer” in subsection (10) and substituting a semi‑colon, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following definition:
“ “repeat offender”, for an offence under subsection (5) or (6) involving a power‑assisted bicycle read with subsection (7AA), means a person who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty (whether before, on or after the date of commencement of section 28(1) of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020) of an offence under subsection (5) or (6) (whether involving a power‑assisted bicycle) on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which the person is convicted or found guilty of the current offence.”.
(2)  Section 34 of the Road Traffic Act is amended by inserting, immediately after subsection (1), the following subsection:
(2)  Rules made under this section for the purposes of subsection (1)(da) or (db) may provide that any contravention of any provision of the rules involving a power‑assisted bicycle shall be an offence and the offender may be liable on conviction —
(a)where the person is an individual — to a fine not exceeding $20,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both; or
(b)in any other case — to a fine not exceeding $40,000.”.
(3)  Section 65B of the Road Traffic Act is amended —
(a)by deleting the words “motor vehicle who uses a mobile communication device while the motor vehicle” in subsection (1) and substituting the words “vehicle who holds in his hand a mobile communication device and operates any of its communicative or other functions, while the vehicle”;
(b)by inserting, immediately after subsection (1), the following subsection:
(1A)  To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not apply to a mobile communication device that is a wearable device (such as a smart watch), when it is worn by the driver or rider in the manner intended by the manufacturer of the wearable device.”;
(c)by inserting, immediately after the words “oral or written messages” in paragraph (a) of the definition of “communicative function” in subsection (3), the words “, audio phone calls or video calls”;
(d)by deleting the definition of “mobile communication device” in subsection (3) and substituting the following definition:
“ “mobile communication device” means —
(a)a mobile phone; or
(b)any wireless handheld device (such as a tablet computer) or wearable device (such as a smart watch) designed or capable of being used for a communicative function;”;
(e)by deleting the word “or” at the end of paragraph (a) of the definition of “repeat offender” in subsection (3);
(f)by deleting the comma at the end of paragraph (b) of the definition of “repeat offender” in subsection (3) and substituting the word “; or”, and by inserting immediately thereafter the following paragraph:
(c)an offence under section 65B as in force immediately before the date of commencement of section 28(3) of the Active Mobility (Amendment) Act 2020,”;
(g)by deleting the semi‑colon at the end of the definition of “repeat offender” in subsection (3) and substituting a full‑stop; and
(h)by deleting the definition of “use” in subsection (3).
Saving and transitional provision
29.—(1)  Section 11(b) does not apply to or in relation to —
(a)any refusal or non‑compliance with an order given under section 47(1)(b) of the principal Act before the date of commencement of section 11(b); and
(b)any contravention of any condition of registration of a registrable personal mobility device, being a contravention which occurred before the date of commencement of section 11(b).
(2)  For a period of 2 years after the date of commencement of any provision of this Act, the Minister may, by regulations, prescribe such additional provisions of a saving or transitional nature consequent on the enactment of that provision as the Minister may consider necessary or expedient.