Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Act

(Original Enactment: Act 16 of 2002)

(31st July 2003)
An Act to suppress the financing of terrorism, to give effect to the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and for matters connected therewith.
[29th January 2003]
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Act.
2.—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“entity” means a person, group, trust, partnership or fund or an unincorporated association or organisation;
“police officer” includes a Commercial Affairs Officer referred to in section 64 of the Police Force Act (Cap. 235);
[Act 4 of 2014 wef 10/03/2014]
“property” means —
(a)assets of every kind, whether tangible or intangible, movable or immovable, however acquired; and
(b)legal documents or instruments in any form, including electronic or digital, evidencing title to, or interest in, such assets, including, but not limited to, bank credits, travellers cheques, bank cheques, money orders, shares, securities, bonds, drafts and letters of credit;
“terrorism financing offence” means —
(a)any offence under section 3, 4, 5 or 6;
(b)conspiracy to commit any of those offences;
(c)inciting another to commit any of those offences;
(d)attempting to commit any of those offences; or
(e)aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of any of those offences;
“terrorist” means any person who —
(a)commits, or attempts to commit, any terrorist act; or
(b)participates in or facilitates the commission of any terrorist act,
and includes any person set out in the First Schedule;
[Act 17 of 2013 wef 23/09/2013]
“terrorist entity” means any entity owned or controlled by any terrorist or group of terrorists and includes an association of such entities, and any entity set out in the First Schedule.
[Act 17 of 2013 wef 23/09/2013]
(2)  Subject to subsection (3), for the purposes of this Act, “terrorist act” means the use or threat of action —
(a)where the action —
(i)involves serious violence against a person;
(ii)involves serious damage to property;
(iii)endangers a person’s life;
(iv)creates a serious risk to the health or the safety of the public or a section of the public;
(v)involves the use of firearms or explosives;
(vi)involves releasing into the environment or any part thereof, or distributing or otherwise exposing the public or any part thereof to —
(A)any dangerous, hazardous, radioactive or harmful substance;
(B)any toxic chemical; or
(C)any microbial or other biological agent, or toxin;
(vii)disrupts, or seriously interferes with, any public computer system or the provision of any service directly related to communications infrastructure, banking and financial services, public utilities, public transportation or public key infrastructure;
(viii)disrupts, or seriously interferes with, the provision of essential emergency services such as the police, civil defence and medical services; or
(ix)involves prejudice to public security or national defence; and
(b)where the use or threat is intended or reasonably regarded as intending to —
(i)influence or compel the Government, any other government, or any international organisation to do or refrain from doing any act; or
(ii)intimidate the public or a section of the public,
and includes any action specified in the Second Schedule.
[Act 17 of 2013 wef 23/09/2013]
(3)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (2), a terrorist act does not include the activities undertaken by military forces of a State in the exercise of their official duties, to the extent that those activities are governed by other rules of international law.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (2) —
(a)a reference to any person or property is a reference to any person or property wherever situated, within or outside Singapore; and
(b)a reference to the public includes a reference to the public of a country or territory other than Singapore.
(5)  In subsection (3), “military forces of a State” means the armed forces of a State which are organised, trained and equipped under its internal law for the primary purpose of national defence or security and persons acting in support of those armed forces who are under their formal command, control and responsibility.