Water Pollution Control and Drainage Act
(CHAPTER 348)

(Original Enactment: Act 29 of 1975)

REVISED EDITION 1985
(30th March 1987)
An Act to make provision for effectual drainage of inland areas and for maintaining or restoring the cleanliness of rivers and watercourses and to regulate and control the collection, treatment and disposal of sewage and for matters connected therewith.
[1st September 1975]
PART I
PRELIMINARY
Short title
1.  This Act may be cited as the Water Pollution Control and Drainage Act.
Interpretation
2.  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“analyst” means an analyst appointed by the Government;
“building” includes any house, hut, shed or roofed enclosure, whether used for the purpose of human habitation or otherwise;
“Director” means the Director of Water Pollution Control and Drainage appointed under section 3 and includes a Deputy Director and an Assistant Director of Water Pollution Control and Drainage;
“drain” includes any watercourse or river;
“drain-line” means any pipe or sewer which is connected to the sewerage system of any premises;
“drainage reserve” means the land set aside for drainage works pursuant to development proposals approved by the competent authority;
“drainage works” includes any engineering works in the improvement, maintenance and construction of any drain, canal, culvert, bridge, railings enclosing a canal or drain, sump, canal or river wall, tidegate, pumping station used to control the level of water in a drain, weir, gauge, and any other structure built for the purpose of conveying, storing or measuring storm water and flood alleviation;
“house” includes any dwelling-house, warehouse, office, counting-house, shop, school and any other building in which persons are employed;
“occupier”, in relation to any premises, means the person in occupation of any premises or having the charge, management or control thereof and, in relation to any part of any premises different parts of which are occupied by different persons, means the person in occupation or having the charge, management or control of that part;
“owner” means the person for the time being receiving the rent of any premises, whether on his own account or as agent or trustee or as receiver, or who would receive the same if the premises were let to a tenant and includes the person whose name is entered in the Valuation List authenticated under the provisions of section 15 of the Property Tax Act [Cap. 254];
“premises” includes messuages, houses, buildings, lands, tenements, easements and hereditaments of any tenure, whether open or enclosed, whether built on or not, whether public or private, and whether maintained or not under statutory authority;
“public drains” means all drains —
(a)which, by virtue of the Local Government Integration Act [Cap. 166], were immediately before the date of commencement of this Act vested in the Government;
(b)constructed by the Government at its expense or acquired by the Government; and
(c)with respect to which a declaration of vesting has been made under section 5;
“public officer” includes any officer of any statutory board or body who is authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director to carry out all or any of the powers conferred on the Director by any of the provisions of this Act;
“public sewers and sewerage systems” means all sewers and sewerage systems —
(a)which, by virtue of the Local Government Integration Act, were immediately before the date of commencement of this Act vested in the Government;
(b)constructed by the Government at its expense or acquired by the Government; and
(c)with respect to which a declaration of vesting has been made under section 22;
“sanitary facilities” includes toilets, wash basins, bathrooms, sinks and facilities for washing clothes which connect, directly or otherwise, with a private sewage treatment plant or with a public sewerage system;
“sewage” means any liquid waste and includes waterborne sullage and trade effluent;
“sewerage system” means any sewer, drainline, cesspit, septic tank, treatment plant, privy or any appurtenance thereof;
“toilet” means a facility for urinating and defecating which is water flushed, and which connects, directly or otherwise, with a private sewerage system or with the public sewerage system;
“trade effluent” means any liquid, either with or without particles of matter in suspension therein, which is wholly or in part produced in the course of, or is the waste or refuse of, any trade, business or manufacture or of any building construction.