Published by Authority

NO. 29]Friday, October 17 [1986

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 22nd September 1986 and assented to by the President on 7th October 1986:—
Civil Defence Act 1986

(No. 29 of 1986)

I assent.

7th October 1986.
Date of Commencement: 14th November 1986
An Act to provide for the raising, maintenance and discipline of a civil defence force and for the exercise of the functions and powers of the Force during national emergencies and for purposes connected therewith; and to repeal the Civil Defence Act (Chapter 228 of the Revised Edition).
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
Short title and commencement
1.  This Act may be cited as the Civil Defence Act 1986 and shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint.
2.  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“auxiliary member” means any person who has been recruited to serve as a member of the Force on a part-time basis;
“civil defence” means the planning, organisation, co-ordination and implementation of measures, other than measures amounting to an actual combat, that are necessary or desirable for the safety of the public and are designed to guard against, prevent, reduce, or overcome the effects or possible effects of a national emergency or a civil defence emergency and includes the conducting of, and participation in, drills, exercises and training for such purposes;
“civil defence emergency” means any fire, explosion, earthquake, oil spill, eruption, flood, storm or other happening (whether or not attributable to an attack by an enemy or to any warlike act) that causes or may cause destruction of or damage to property or loss of life or injury or distress to persons or that in any way endangers the safety of the public in Singapore or in any part thereof;
“commanding officer” means —
(a)an officer who is in command of a unit; or
(b)an officer on whom the powers and functions of a commanding officer are conferred by or under the regulations;
“Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Civil Defence appointed under section 6;
“detention barracks” means any building or part of a building which is set apart by the Commissioner for those members who are serving sentences of detention;
“disciplinary officer” means a junior disciplinary officer or a senior disciplinary officer designated as such pursuant to the provisions of Part VII;
“Force” means the Singapore Civil Defence Force raised and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
“full-time service” has the same meaning as in the Enlistment Act (Cap. 229);
“Fund” means the Civil Defence Force Fund established under section 101;
“medical practitioner” includes a medical officer in the service of the Government;
“member” means an officer or a serviceman of the Force;
“national service” and “national serviceman”have the same meanings as in the Enlistment Act (Cap. 229);
“non-commissioned officer” means a member holding a rank not higher than the rank of warrant officer and not lower than the rank of lance-corporal;
“offence” means an offence punishable under any written law or a service offence;
“officer” means an officer of the rank of second lieutenant and above;
“person of a higher rank”, in relation to a member, includes any other member who, by virtue of his office or appointment, is entitled to exercise command over the first-mentioned member;
“police officer” means any member of the Singapore Police Force;
“proper authority” has the same meaning as in the Enlistment Act;
“provost officer” means —
(a)any member of the Force appointed by the Commissioner as a provost officer for the purposes of this Act; or
(b)an officer or a serviceman of the provost unit of the Force;
“public officer” has the same meaning as in the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore;
“public authority” includes a body corporate constituted under any written law to perform certain functions or vested with certain powers;
“reserve service” has the same meaning as in the Enlistment Act;
“reservist” means a person liable to render reserve service under the Enlistment Act;
“regulations” means the regulations made under this Act;
“serviceman” means a member of the Force holding a rank not higher than the rank of a warrant officer and includes a recruit in the Force;
“service land” means land (including a building or other structure or part thereof) in the possession of or under the control of —
(a)the Force; or
(b)a mess, club, common room, canteen or other institution of the Force;
“service offence” means an offence punishable under any of the provisions of Part V;
“service property” means property used by, or in the possession or control of, —
(a)the Force; or
(b)a mess, club, common room, canteen or other institution of the Force,
and “service ship”, “service aircraft” and “service vehicle” shall have corresponding meanings;
“state of civil defence emergency” means a state of civil defence emergency declared under section 102;
“state of emergency” means the period when a Proclamation of Emergency issued by the President under Article 150 of the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore is in force.