Published by Authority

NO. 38]Friday, November 9 [2018

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 1 October 2018 and assented to by the President on 31 October 2018:—
Insolvency, Restructuring and
Dissolution Act 2018

(No. 40 of 2018)

I assent.

31 October 2018.
Date of Commencement: 30 July 2020 Sections 2 to 466, 468 to 478, 480 to 494, 495(a), (c) to (j), 496, 497, 498, 500 to 527 and the Schedules
Date of Commencement: 15 September 2020 Section 467(a) to (g)
An Act to amend and consolidate the written laws relating to the making and approval of a compromise or an arrangement with the creditors of a company or an individual, receivership, corporate insolvency and winding up, individual insolvency and bankruptcy, and the public administration of insolvency, to provide for the regulation of insolvency practitioners, to provide for connected matters, to repeal the Bankruptcy Act (Chapter 20 of the 2009 Revised Edition) and to make consequential and related amendments to certain other Acts.
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
Short title and commencement
1.  This Act is the Insolvency, Restructuring and Dissolution Act 2018 and comes into operation on a date that the Minister appoints by notification in the Gazette.
General interpretation
2.—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“banking corporation” means a bank that holds a valid licence under section 7 or 79 of the Banking Act (Cap. 19);
“bankrupt” means —
(a)an individual debtor who has been adjudged bankrupt by a bankruptcy order; or
(b)where a bankruptcy order has been made against a firm, each of the partners in the firm;
“company” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Companies Act (Cap. 50);
“contributory” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Companies Act;
“corporation” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Companies Act;
“Court” means the High Court;
“creditors’ committee”, in relation to a bankruptcy, means a committee appointed under section 331;
“foreign company” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Companies Act;
“insolvency practitioner’s licence” means a licence granted under section 51;
“liability” means a liability to pay money or money’s worth, regardless whether such liability is present or future, certain or contingent or of an amount that is fixed or liquidated or that is capable of being ascertained by fixed rules or as a matter of opinion, and includes any such liability arising —
(a)under any written law;
(b)under contract, tort or bailment;
(c)as a result of a breach of trust by the person liable; or
(d)out of an obligation to make restitution;
“licensed insolvency practitioner” and “licensee” mean the holder of a licence granted under section 51;
“limited liability partnership” has the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Limited Liability Partnerships Act (Cap. 163A);
“liquidator” includes the Official Receiver when acting as the liquidator of a corporation;
“member”, in relation to a company, means a member of a company mentioned in section 19(6) or (6A) of the Companies Act;
“Minister” means —
(a)except as provided in paragraph (b), the Minister charged with the responsibility for administration of affairs of insolvent persons and insolvent companies; and
(b)for the purposes of sections 124(1)(g) and (2)(c), 125(5), 127(3) and 198, the Minister charged with the responsibility for registration of companies;
“Official Assignee” means the Official Assignee appointed under section 16(1) and includes a Deputy Official Assignee, a Senior Assistant Official Assignee and an Assistant Official Assignee;
“Official Receiver” means the Official Receiver appointed under section 17(1) and includes a Deputy Official Receiver, a Senior Assistant Official Receiver and an Assistant Official Receiver;
“property” includes —
(a)money, goods, things in action, land and every description of property, wherever situated; and
(b)obligations and every description of interest, whether present or future or vested or contingent, arising out of or incidental to property;
“public accountant” means a person who is registered or deemed to be registered in accordance with the Accountants Act (Cap. 2) as a public accountant;
“Registrar” means the Registrar of the Supreme Court and includes a Deputy Registrar or an Assistant Registrar of the Supreme Court;
“Registrar of Companies” means the Registrar of Companies appointed under section 8 of the Companies Act and includes any Deputy or Assistant Registrar of Companies;
“regulations” means regulations made under section 449;
“Rules” means the Rules of Court made under section 448;
“solicitor” means an advocate and solicitor of the Supreme Court;
“subsidiary” has the meaning given by section 5 of the Companies Act;
“transaction” includes any gift, agreement or arrangement, and any reference to entering into a transaction is to be construed accordingly;
“trustee”, in relation to a bankruptcy and a bankrupt, means the trustee of the bankrupt’s estate and includes the Official Assignee when acting as trustee of the bankrupt’s estate;
“trustee in bankruptcy” means a person appointed under section 36 as trustee of a bankrupt’s estate.
(2)  For the purposes of Parts 4 to 12 and 23, a person who is not a member of a company, but to whom shares in the company have been transferred, or transmitted by operation of law, is to be regarded as a member of the company, and references to a member or members are to be read accordingly.
(3)  Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in this Act to a Part or a Division of a Part is to be construed so as to include a reference to any subsidiary legislation made in relation to that Part or that Division.