Government Procurement Act
(Chapter 120, Section 4)
Government Procurement (Application) Order
O 1
G.N. No. S 217/2002

REVISED EDITION 2004
(29th February 2004)
[13th May 2002]
Citation
1.  This Order may be cited as the Government Procurement (Application) Order.
Definitions
2.  In this Order, unless the context otherwise requires —
“contract document” means a document which sets out the invitation to tender for or to negotiate a procurement contract, the terms and conditions of the contract, the specifications or descriptions of the goods or service, or goods and service, to be procured under the contract, or a document supplementary to any of these documents;
“goods and services tax” means the goods and services tax chargeable under the Goods and Services Tax Act (Cap. 117A);
“recurring contract” means one of 2 or more contracts resulting from a single requirement for a procurement.
Relevant States and relevant Protocol States
2A.  For the purposes of the Act, the countries and territories set out in —
(a)Part I of the First Schedule shall be relevant States; and
(b)Part II of the First Schedule shall be relevant Protocol States.
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
Contracting authorities
3.  The bodies set out in the Second Schedule shall be contracting authorities for the purposes of the Act.
[S 695/2004 wef 20/11/2004]
Procurements subject to Act
4.—(1)  A procurement —
(a)by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule of —
(i)goods;
(ii)one or more of the services set out in the Third and Fourth Schedules; or
(iii)a combination of goods and one or more of such services; or
(b)by a contracting authority set out in Part III of the Second Schedule of any of the goods set out in the Fifth Schedule or a combination thereof,
is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to all relevant States and relevant Protocol States other than the United States of America and the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei) if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement —
(A)in the case of a relevant State or relevant Protocol State other than Japan, is equal to or exceeds the threshold applicable to the procurement under paragraph 8; or
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(B)in the case of Japan, is equal to or exceeds the threshold applicable to the procurement under paragraph 9.
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(2)  A procurement —
(a)by a contracting authority set out in Part I of the Second Schedule of —
(i)goods;
(ii)one or more applicable services; or
(iii)a combination of goods and one or more applicable services; or
(b)by a contracting authority set out in Part III of the Second Schedule of any of the goods set out in the Fifth Schedule,
is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to the United States of America if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement is equal to or exceeds $137,050.
[S 792/2013 wef 01/01/2014]
[S 790/2015 wef 01/01/2016]
[S 759/2017 wef 01/01/2018]
[S 822/2019 wef 01/01/2020]
(2A)  A procurement by a contracting authority set out in Part II of the Second Schedule of —
(a)goods;
(b)one or more applicable services; or
(c)a combination of goods and one or more applicable services,
is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to the United States of America if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement is equal to or exceeds $760,640.
[S 260/2012 wef 01/06/2012]
[S 792/2013 wef 01/01/2014]
[S 790/2015 wef 01/01/2016]
[S 759/2017 wef 01/01/2018]
[S 822/2019 wef 01/01/2020]
(2B)  A procurement by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule of any service set out in the Fourth Schedule, is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to the United States of America if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement is equal to or exceeds $9,508,000.
[S 260/2012 wef 01/06/2012]
[S 792/2013 wef 01/01/2014]
[S 790/2015 wef 01/01/2016]
[S 759/2017 wef 01/01/2018]
[S 822/2019 wef 01/01/2020]
(2C)  A procurement —
(a)by a contracting authority set out in Part I of the Second Schedule of —
(i)goods;
(ii)one or more of the services set out in the Third and Eighth Schedules; or
(iii)a combination of goods and one or more of such services; or
(b)by a contracting authority set out in Part III of the Second Schedule of any of the goods set out in the Fifth Schedule or a combination thereof,
is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei) if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement is equal to or exceeds 100,000 Special Drawing Rights.
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(2D)  A procurement by a contracting authority set out in Part II of the Second Schedule of —
(a)goods;
(b)one or more of the services set out in the Third and Eighth Schedules; or
(c)a combination of goods and one or more of such services,
is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei) if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement is equal to or exceeds 400,000 Special Drawing Rights.
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(2E)  A procurement by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule of any service set out in the Fourth Schedule, is a procurement subject to the Act in relation to the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei) if the value of the contract in relation to the procurement is equal to or exceeds 5 million Special Drawing Rights.
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(3)  In sub-paragraphs (2) and (2A) —
[Deleted by S 260/2012 wef 01/06/2012]
“applicable service” means —
(a)any service in the Universal List of Services contained in the document MTN.GNS/W/120 of the World Trade Organisation, other than a service set out in the Sixth Schedule;
[S 260/2012 wef 01/06/2012]
(b)[Deleted by S 260/2012 wef 01/06/2012]
[S 260/2012 wef 01/06/2012]
(4)  [Deleted by S 792/2013 wef 01/01/2014]
Exclusions
5.—(1)  Notwithstanding paragraph 4, a procurement —
(a)set out in the Seventh Schedule; or
(b)made by a contracting authority on behalf of an entity which is not a contracting authority,
is not a procurement subject to the Act.
(2)  For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b), “entity” includes —
(a)any person; or
(b)a department of the Government or of a statutory body.
(3)  Notwithstanding paragraph 4, a contracting authority may exclude a procurement, or an act or measure in relation to a procurement, from the application of all or any regulations made under section 6 of the Act, if —
(a)such exclusion is necessary for reasons of national security;
(b)such exclusion is necessary to protect public morals, order or safety, human, animal or plant life, or any intellectual property right of the Government or any other party;
(c)the contract of procurement is or is intended to be awarded to an institution assisting handicapped persons, a non-profit organisation or a penal institution; or
(d)the procurement concerned is a procurement of one or more of the services set out in the Third Schedule, and such exclusion is consistent with —
(i)the terms, conditions, limitations and qualifications set out in Singapore’s Schedule of Commitments under the General Agreement on Trade in Services; or
(ii)the exemptions set out in Singapore’s List of Article II Exemptions under the General Agreement on Trade in Services.
Effect of exclusion
6.  Where a contracting authority is entitled under paragraph 5(3) to exclude a procurement or an act or measure in relation to a procurement from the application of all or any regulations made under section 6 of the Act, the contracting authority shall not be required, in carrying out the procurement, act or measure, to comply with those regulations from which application the procurement, act or measure has been excluded.
Value of procurement contract
7.—(1)  For the purposes of paragraph 4, the value of a contract of procurement shall be the estimated value of the contract less the goods and services tax chargeable on that value.
(2)  Subject to sub-paragraphs (3) to (9), the estimated value of a contract of procurement shall be the value of the consideration which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give under the contract, taking into account all forms of remuneration, including any premiums, fees, commissions and interest receivable.
(3)  The value of the consideration which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give under a contract which is a recurring contract shall be based on either —
(a)the aggregate of the value of the consideration given by the contracting authority under similar recurring contracts concluded —
(i)during the last financial year of the contracting authority ending before the relevant time; or
(ii)during the period of 12 months ending immediately before the relevant time,
adjusted, where possible, for anticipated changes in quantity and value over the period of 12 months commencing at the relevant time; or
(b)the aggregate of the estimated value of the consideration which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give under all recurring contracts which are part of the same procurement as the first-mentioned recurring contract —
(i)in the next financial year of the contracting authority commencing on or after the date which the contracting authority expects to award the initial recurring contract of that procurement; or
(ii)during the period of 12 months commencing immediately after the date referred to in sub-paragraph (i).
(4)  Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (3), where the goods or service, or combination of goods and service, to be procured under a recurring contract are required for the sole purposes of a discrete unit of a contracting authority and —
(a)the decision of whether to procure the goods or service of that type, or goods and service of those types, has been devolved to that unit; and
(b)that decision is taken independently of any other part of the contracting authority,
the valuation methods described in sub-paragraph (3) shall be adapted by aggregating only the value of the consideration —
(i)which the contracting authority has given for similar recurring contracts which were required for the sole purposes of that unit; or
(ii)which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give for recurring contracts which are part of the same procurement as the first-mentioned recurring contract and which are required for the sole purposes of that unit,
as the case may be.
(5)  The estimated value of a contract —
(a)for the lease, rental or hire purchase of goods or service, or a combination of goods and service; or
(b)which does not specify a total price,
shall be based on —
(i)the total estimated value of the consideration which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give under the contract for the duration of the contract, where the duration is a fixed period of 12 months or less;
(ii)the total estimated value of the consideration which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give under the contract for the duration of the contract without making any deduction for the estimated residual value of the contract, where the duration is a fixed period which exceeds 12 months; or
(iii)the estimated value of consideration which the contracting authority expects, at the relevant time, to give under the contract in respect of each month of the contract multiplied by 48, where the contract is of indefinite duration.
(6)  Where there is any doubt as to whether a contract referred to in sub-paragraph (5)(a) or (b) is for a fixed or indefinite duration, the basis for determining its estimated value shall be that referred to in sub-paragraph (5)(iii).
(7)  Where any contract of procurement specifies a requirement for an option to buy goods, service, or a combination of goods and service, the value of the maximum permissible procurement under the option shall form part of the estimated value of the contract.
(8)  Where any of the goods or service to be procured are goods or service the procurement of which is not subject to the Act, the value of those goods or service need not be included as part of the estimated value of the contract.
(9)  A contracting authority shall not use a basis of valuation referred to in this paragraph for a contract of procurement, or divide a procurement requirement, with the intention of avoiding the application of the Act.
(10)  For the purpose of this paragraph, the relevant time is —
(a)the date on which the notice of intended procurement referred to in regulation 10 of the Government Procurement Regulations 2014 (G.N. No. S 269/2014) is sent, or the date the notice ought to have been sent, to the Government Printer for publication in the Gazette (whichever is the earlier); or
(b)the date on which the notice of intended procurement is published, or the date the notice ought to have been published, in GeBIZ (whichever is the earlier),
as the case may be, if the requirement to publish the notice of intended procurement in an approved medium applies to the procurement in question.
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
Thresholds for relevant States and relevant Protocol States generally
8.—(1)  This paragraph applies to a procurement subject to the Act in relation to all relevant States and relevant Protocol States other than Japan, the United States of America and the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei).
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(2)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of —
(a)goods;
(b)one or more of the services set out in the Third Schedule; or
(c)a combination of goods and one or more of such services,
by a contracting authority set out in Part I of the Second Schedule shall be —
(i)if the relevant State or relevant Protocol State is Republic of Korea, 100,000 Special Drawing Rights;
[S 144/2006 wef 02/03/2006]
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(ii)in any other case, 130,000 Special Drawing Rights.
[S 144/2006 wef 02/03/2006]
(3)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of —
(a)goods;
(b)one or more of the services set out in the Third Schedule; or
(c)a combination of goods and one or more of such services,
by a contracting authority set out in Part II of the Second Schedule shall be 400,000 Special Drawing Rights.
(4)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of one or more of the services set out in the Fourth Schedule by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule shall be 5 million Special Drawing Rights.
(5)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of any of the goods set out in the Fifth Schedule or a combination thereof by a contracting authority set out in Part III of the Second Schedule shall be —
(a)if the relevant State or relevant Protocol State is Republic of Korea, 100,000 Special Drawing Rights;
[S 144/2006 wef 02/03/2006]
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(b)in any other case, 130,000 Special Drawing Rights.
[S 144/2006 wef 02/03/2006]
(6)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of —
(a)goods, one or more of the services set out in the Third Schedule, or a combination of goods and one or more of such services; and
(b)one or more of the services set out in the Fourth Schedule,
by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule shall be —
(i)either —
(A)100,000 Special Drawing Rights, if the relevant State or relevant Protocol State is Republic of Korea; or
[S 270/2014 wef 06/04/2014]
(B)130,000 Special Drawing Rights, in any other case,
if the contracting authority is one set out in Part I of the Second Schedule and the estimated value of the contract for the procurement of the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (a) exceeds that for the procurement of the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (b);
(ii)400,000 Special Drawing Rights if the contracting authority is one set out in Part II of the Second Schedule and the estimated value of the contract for the procurement of the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (a) exceeds that for the procurement of the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (b); or
(iii)5 million Special Drawing Rights if the estimated value of the contract for the procurement of the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (b) exceeds that for the procurement of the matter referred to in sub-paragraph (a).
[S 144/2006 wef 02/03/2006]
Thresholds for Japan
9.—(1)  This paragraph applies to a procurement subject to the Act in relation to Japan.
(2)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of goods, one or more of the services set out in Part I of the Third Schedule, or a combination of goods and one or more of such services, by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule shall be 100,000 Special Drawing Rights.
(3)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of one or both of the services set out in Part II of the Third Schedule by a contracting authority set out in Part I of the Second Schedule shall be 130,000 Special Drawing Rights.
(4)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of one or both of the services set out in Part II of the Third Schedule by a contracting authority set out in Part II of the Second Schedule shall be 400,000 Special Drawing Rights.
(5)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of one or more of the services set out in the Fourth Schedule by a contracting authority set out in Part I or II of the Second Schedule shall be 5 million Special Drawing Rights.
(6)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement by a contracting authority set out in Part I of the Second Schedule of all or any combination of the matters referred to in sub-paragraphs (2), (3) and (5) shall be the threshold applicable to the matter, the estimated value of which is the highest of the estimated values of all the matters to be procured under that contract.
(7)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement by a contracting authority set out in Part II of the Second Schedule of all or any combination of the matters referred to in sub-paragraphs (2), (4) and (5) shall be the threshold applicable to the matter, the estimated value of which is the highest of the estimated values of all the matters to be procured under that contract.
(8)  For the purposes of sub-paragraphs (6) and (7) —
(a)the threshold applicable to a matter is the threshold that is applicable to a contract for the procurement of that matter under sub-paragraph (2), (3), (4) or (5), as the case may be; and
(b)the estimated value of a matter is the estimated value for procuring that matter under the contract concerned.
(9)  The threshold applicable to a contract for the procurement of any goods set out in the Fifth Schedule or a combination thereof by a contracting authority set out in Part III of the Second Schedule shall be 100,000 Special Drawing Rights.
[S 695/2004 wef 20/11/2004]