No. S 307
Legal Profession Act
(CHAPTER 161)
Legal Profession
(Prevention of Money Laundering
and Financing of Terrorism)
Rules 2015
In exercise of the powers conferred by section 70H of the Legal Profession Act, the Council of the Law Society of Singapore, with the approval of the Minister for Law, makes the following Rules:
PART 1
PRELIMINARY
Citation and commencement
1.  These Rules may be cited as the Legal Profession (Prevention of Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism) Rules 2015 and come into operation on 23 May 2015.
Definitions
2.  In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires —
“beneficial owner”, in relation to an entity or a legal arrangement —
(a)means —
(i)an individual who ultimately owns or controls the entity or legal arrangement; or
(ii)an individual on whose behalf the entity or legal arrangement conducts a transaction concerning a relevant matter (being a transaction for which a legal practitioner or law practice is engaged); and
(b)includes an individual who exercises ultimate effective control over the entity or legal arrangement;
“client” includes —
(a)in relation to contentious business, any person who, as a principal or on behalf of another person, retains or employs, or is about to retain or employ, a legal practitioner or law practice; and
(b)in relation to non-contentious business, any person who, as a principal or on behalf of another person, or as a trustee, an executor or an administrator, or in any other capacity, has power, express or implied, to retain or employ, and retains or employs or is about to retain or employ, a legal practitioner or law practice;
“close associate”, in relation to a politically-exposed individual, means an individual who is known to be closely connected to the politically-exposed individual, either socially or professionally, such as, but not limited to —
(a)a partner of the politically-exposed individual;
(b)an employee or employer of the politically-exposed individual;
(c)a person accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions or wishes of the politically-exposed individual; or
(d)a person whose directions, instructions or wishes the politically-exposed individual is accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with;

“Commercial Affairs Officer” means a Commercial Affairs Officer appointed under section 64 of the Police Force Act (Cap. 235);

“countermeasure” means a measure to prevent, or to facilitate the prevention of, money laundering or the financing of terrorism in a country or jurisdiction other than Singapore;

“domestic politically-exposed individual” means an individual who is or has been entrusted with a prominent public function in Singapore;

“entity” means a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a limited partnership, a limited liability partnership, a corporation sole, a company or any other association or body of persons corporate or unincorporate;

“family member”, in relation to a politically-exposed individual, means a spouse, child (including an adopted child or a stepchild), sibling or parent of the politically-exposed individual;

“FATF” means the intergovernmental body known as the Financial Action Task Force created in 1989;

“foreign politically-exposed individual” means an individual who is or has been entrusted with a prominent public function in a country or jurisdiction other than Singapore;

“higher risk business relationship” means a business relationship in relation to which the risks of money laundering and the financing of terrorism are raised under rule 12(4);

“higher risk client” means a client in relation to which the risks of money laundering and the financing of terrorism are raised under rule 12(4);

“legal arrangement” means any express trust or other similar legal arrangement;

“politically-exposed individual” means —
(a)a foreign politically-exposed individual;
(b)a domestic politically-exposed individual; or
(c)an individual who has been entrusted with a prominent function in an international organisation;

“prominent function”, in relation to an international organisation, means the role held by a member of the senior management of the international organisation (including a director, deputy director or member of a board of the international organisation, or an equivalent appointment in the international organisation);

“prominent public function” includes the role held by a head of state, a head of government, a senior politician, a senior government, judicial or military official, a senior executive of a state-owned corporation or a senior political party official;

“relevant Singapore financial institution” means —
(a)a bank in Singapore licensed under section 7 of the Banking Act (Cap. 19);
(b)a merchant bank approved under section 28 of the Monetary Authority of Singapore Act (Cap. 186);
(c)a finance company licensed under section 6 of the Finance Companies Act (Cap. 108);
(d)a financial adviser licensed under section 13 of the Financial Advisers Act (Cap. 110), except one which is licensed only in respect of the financial advisory service specified in paragraph 2 of the Second Schedule to that Act (namely, advising others by issuing or promulgating research analyses or research reports, whether in electronic, print or other form, concerning any investment product);
(e)a holder of a capital markets services licence granted under section 86 of the Securities and Futures Act (Cap. 289);
(f)a fund management company registered under paragraph 5(7) of the Second Schedule to the Securities and Futures (Licensing and Conduct of Business) Regulations (Cap. 289, Rg 10);
(g)a person who is exempt from holding a financial adviser’s licence under section 23(1)(f) of the Financial Advisers Act read with regulation 27(1)(d) of the Financial Advisers Regulations (Cap. 110, Rg 2), except one who is exempt only in respect of the financial advisory service specified in paragraph 2 of the Second Schedule to that Act (namely, advising others by issuing or promulgating research analyses or research reports, whether in electronic, print or other form, concerning any investment product);
(h)a person who is exempt from holding a capital markets services licence under section 99(1)(h) of the Securities and Futures Act read with paragraph 7(1)(b) of the Second Schedule to the Securities and Futures (Licensing and Conduct of Business) Regulations;
(i)a trustee approved under section 289 of the Securities and Futures Act for a collective investment scheme authorised under section 286 of that Act;
(j)a trust company licensed under section 5 of the Trust Companies Act (Cap. 336); or
(k)a direct insurer licensed under section 8 of the Insurance Act (Cap. 142) to carry on life business;
“suspicious transaction report” means a report by which a person —
(a)discloses, under section 39(1) of the Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Crimes (Confiscation of Benefits) Act (Cap. 65A), any knowledge or suspicion referred to in that provision, or the information or other matter on which that knowledge or suspicion is based, to a Suspicious Transaction Reporting Officer; or
(b)informs, under section 8(1) of the Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Act (Cap. 325), a police officer or Commercial Affairs Officer, of any fact or information referred to in that provision;

“Suspicious Transaction Reporting Officer” has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Crimes (Confiscation of Benefits) Act.

Prescribed types of advocates and solicitors and foreign lawyers
3.  For the purposes of the definition of “legal practitioner” in section 70A(2) of the Act, Part VA of the Act applies to —
(a)every advocate and solicitor who —
(i)has in force a practising certificate; or
(ii)is a director, a partner, a consultant or an employee of a law practice, whether or not the advocate and solicitor has in force a practising certificate; and
(b)every foreign lawyer who is a regulated foreign lawyer.
[S 697/2015 wef 18/11/2015]
Made on 22 May 2015.
THIO SHEN YI, SC
President,
Council of the Law Society of Singapore.
[LAW 06/005/8.1; AG/LEGIS/SL/161/2015/1 Vol. 1]
(To be presented to Parliament under section 131 of the Legal Profession Act).