PART VIII
PRISONERS
Admission of Prisoners
Particulars of prisoners to be admitted
74.—(1)  The name, age, height, particular marks and general appearance of prisoners shall, on their admission, be entered into a register.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(2)  The prisoners shall be searched on admission and whenever there may be reason to suspect them of having prohibited articles in their possession, by officers of their own sex, and their private clothes and all other articles not expressly allowed by the regulations, shall be taken from them, inventoried and put away excepting anything of a perishable or dangerous nature, which may be destroyed.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(3)  The prisoners must be provided with prison clothes and must wear those clothes.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Examination of prisoners for infectious diseases
75.—(1)  The Commissioner may, at any time, require any prisoner to undergo a medical examination by the medical officer for the purposes of ascertaining whether the prisoner is suffering from, or is a carrier of, any infectious disease.
[S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
(2)  Where a prisoner refuses to undergo the medical examination under paragraph (1) or refuses to provide any sample necessary for the purposes of such examination, the medical officer shall forthwith give a written notification to the Superintendent.
(3)  The Superintendent may, upon receipt of the written notification under paragraph (2), direct that the prisoner be detained separately from other prisoners until such time when the prisoner undergoes the required medical examination.
(4)  Where a prisoner has been ascertained to be suffering from, or is a carrier of, any infectious disease under this regulation, the medical officer shall forthwith give a written report to the Superintendent.
(5)  The Superintendent may, upon receipt of the written report by the medical officer under paragraph (4), direct that the prisoner be detained separately from other prisoners until the medical officer certifies that the prisoner is free from infection or the risk of spreading the infectious disease to other persons is eliminated.
(6)  In this regulation, “infectious disease” means any of the diseases specified in the First Schedule to the Infectious Diseases Act (Cap. 137) and includes any other disease —
(a)that is caused or is suspected to be caused by a micro-organism or any agent of disease;
(b)that is capable or is suspected to be capable of transmission by any means to human beings; and
(c)that the medical officer has reason to believe, if left uninvestigated or unchecked, is likely to result in an epidemic of the disease.
[S 408/2003 wef 26/08/2003]
Confidentiality in handling of prisoners with AIDS and other sexually transmitted disease
76.  Where, in consequence of any action taken under regulation 75, any person is aware or has reasonable grounds for believing that a prisoner has Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or is infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or is suffering from a sexually transmitted disease or is a carrier of that disease, the person shall not disclose any information which may identify the prisoner except —
(a)with the consent of the prisoner;
(b)in accordance with regulation 75;
(c)when ordered to do so by a court;
(d)to any person who is treating, caring or handling the prisoner;
(e)to the victim of a sexual assault by the prisoner; or
(f)where such disclosure is allowed under section 25 of the Infectious Diseases Act.
Examination by medical officer
77.—(1)  Every prisoner shall be examined, as soon as possible after arrival, by the medical officer or the assistant medical officer, who shall enter in the Nominal Record particulars of the prisoner’s state of health, whether or not he has been vaccinated, or had small-pox, whether he has been an opium consumer, and to what degree, and any other information that it may seem desirable to record.
(2)  In conducting this examination he shall give special attention to the mental condition of each prisoner.
(3)  Prisoners shall not be sent to labour until the medical officer has certified that they are fit to perform it.
Grooming requirements
78.—(1)  European and Eurasian prisoners sentenced to imprisonment for any period exceeding one month shall have their hair cut short and their beards, whiskers and moustaches (if worn) trimmed close.
(2)  Those who wear no hair on their faces, or a moustache only, shall be shaved as often as may be necessary to preserve a clean and decent appearance.
(3)  The hair of female prisoners shall not be cut on admission or afterwards unless the medical officer shall consider it to be necessary for health and cleanliness.
(4)  Every prisoner shall take a bath on admission and thereafter twice daily unless it shall be otherwise ordered by the medical officer.
(5)  The hair of prisoners awaiting trial shall be kept, as far as cleanliness permits, in the same state as it was on admission.
Separation of male and female prisoners
79.  Male and female prisoners shall be kept absolutely separate from each other, and shall be confined in different buildings.
Separate cells
80.  Every male prisoner shall, if the accommodation of the prison permits, be confined at night in a separate cell duly certified as sufficient to contain one prisoner.
Minimum number in shared cells
81.  Where, from want of a sufficient number of certified separate cells, it is necessary to place prisoners in association, the smallest number to be placed in any room or ward is 3, and the room or ward shall be lighted at night and be under the constant supervision of the prison officers.
Treatment of female prisoners
82.—(1)  Female prisoners shall in no circumstances be attended otherwise than by persons of their own sex, and they shall be prevented from seeing or holding communication with any male prisoner.
(2)  No warder or male officer shall enter, or be in a room in which females are confined, unless in the company of the Matron or a female warder or of another male officer and in the latter case only in emergency which must be reported forthwith to the Superintendent.
Prostitutes
83.  Female prisoners shall be classified, as far as possible, and known prostitutes shall be kept in a separate ward by themselves.
Employment of female prisoners
84.  Female prisoners shall be employed only within the prison walls.
Children
85.—(1)  A child below 3 years of age may be admitted with its mother.
(2)  When any child has presumably attained the age of 3 years, the medical officer shall report if it is desirable or necessary that the child should be longer retained.
(3)  Except by special authority of the Minister, a child shall not be kept in prison with its mother after attaining the age of 4 years.
(4)  Should he know of no relations willing or in a position to receive such child, the Superintendent shall refer to the Commissioner for instructions.
[S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
Confinement of prisoners below 15 years of age
86.—(1)  Prisoners considered to be below 15 years of age, whether male or female, shall be kept apart from adults, being, if possible, confined in separate buildings.
(2)  Any prisoner who declares himself to be more than 15 years of age but who, in the opinion of the Superintendent and the medical officer, should not, having regard to his character, constitution and antecedents, be classed with adult prisoners shall be treated as a juvenile offender.
Separation of prisoners
87.  Prisoners convicted for the first time shall be kept apart, if possible, from habitual criminals.
Grooming for Asian prisoners
88.—(1)  Asian prisoners sentenced to imprisonment for any period exceeding one month, who are in the habit of shaving their heads, shall be shaved once a week.
(2)  The hair of other Asian prisoners, except Sikhs, shall be cut close.
(3)  Tamil prisoners admitted with long hair shall be allowed to retain it.
89.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Haircuts
90.  No prisoner shall have his hair cut, except with his own consent, until the time allowed for appealing has expired without appeal, or until his sentence has been confirmed on appeal.
Grooming in last month of imprisonment
91.  During the prisoner’s last month of imprisonment his hair shall be allowed to remain uncut and unshaven should the prisoner desire it.
Military prisoners
92.  Soldiers convicted of breaches of military discipline only, shall so far as may be practicable having regard to the prison accommodation and the circumstances of the case, be kept separate and distinct from prisoners convicted of offences of an immoral, dishonest, shameful or criminal character.
Photographs and finger impressions
93.—(1)  Every prisoner may, if required for the purposes of justice, be photographed on reception and subsequently, but no copy of the photograph shall be given to any person unless he is officially authorised to receive it.
(2)  The finger impressions of every prisoner may also be taken.
(3)  When the conviction in consequence of which a prisoner has been imprisoned is reversed on appeal and the prisoner is ordered to be acquitted and discharged the Superintendent shall, on the application of the person who was so imprisoned, deliver to that person the sheet upon which his finger impressions were taken together with all photographs taken of him (both negatives and prints) in connection with his reception into prison in consequence of the conviction which has been reversed on appeal.
(4)  If no such application shall have been received by him within 3 months from the date of the order of acquittal and discharge, the Superintendent shall destroy such sheet and photographs.
(5)  The reversal on appeal of a conviction shall not necessitate the return to the person who had been imprisoned on that conviction of any record of finger impressions or of any photographs taken in connection with any other conviction of that person.
Discharge of Prisoners
Examination before discharge
94.—(1)  All convicted prisoners prior to being discharged or to being removed to any other prison, shall be examined by the medical officer.
(2)  A similar examination shall be made of all banishees and vagrants immediately before the date of deportation.
Prisoners suffering from acute or dangerous disease
95.  No prisoner shall be discharged, except upon his own requisition, whilst suffering from any acute or dangerous disease until the medical officer shall certify that such discharge is safe.
Upon discharge prisoners to receive own clothing
96.—(1)  On the discharge of a prisoner his own clothes shall be returned to him, unless it has been found necessary to destroy them, in which case he shall be provided with such clothing as the Superintendent considers suitable.
(2)  The prison clothing shall be well washed, disinfected and dried before being returned to store or issued to another prisoner.
Date of release
97.  If the date of release falls on Sunday, or on a holiday under regulation 103, the prisoner shall be released on the preceding Saturday or on the preceding day, as the case may be.
Punishments
Corporal punishment rules
98.—(1)  At the infliction of every sentence of corporal punishment, the Superintendent and the medical officer shall be present.
(2)  The medical officer shall give such directions for preventing injury to health as he may consider necessary, and the Chief Rehabilitation Officer shall carry such directions into effect.
(3)  Corporal punishment shall not, except by special order in cases of emergency, be inflicted within 24 hours of the sentence being awarded, nor shall it be inflicted by instalments.
(4)  A return of all corporal punishments inflicted by order of the Superintendent or by order of the Visiting Justices shall be submitted to the Minister and the Commissioner monthly.
[S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
Maximum forfeiture of remission
99.  The maximum periods of forfeiture of remission which may be ordered under the following sections of the Act shall be as follows:
(a)section 70(1)(b)
7 days
(b)section 71(1)(c)
60 days
(c)section 71(4)
90 days
(d)section 74(2)(c)
180 days.
Lapsing of order of forfeiture of remission
99A.  Any order of forfeiture of remission made in respect of a prisoner remanded for an offence is to be treated as lapsed upon the prisoner’s release from remand, even if the prisoner is subsequently sentenced to imprisonment for the offence.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Maximum reduction in grade or postponement of promotion
100.  The maximum periods of reduction in grade or postponement of promotion which may be ordered under the following sections of the Act shall be as follows:
(a)section 70(1)(c)
30 days
(b)section 71(1)(d)
60 days.
Miscellaneous
Hours when prisoners unlocked from cells
101.—(1)  The Superintendent shall determine the hours when a prisoner shall be unlocked from his cell and shall be finally locked up for the night.
(2)  The Superintendent may fix different hours for different categories of prisoners.
Hours of labour
102.  The hours of labour for prisoners shall be as directed, in writing, by the Minister provided that the total hours of labour shall not exceed 8 in any one day.
Rest days
103.—(1)  No prisoner shall be required to do any labour except such as may be necessary for keeping the prison premises clean and maintaining the essential services of the prison after 9.45 a.m. on any Saturday or on any Sunday or on any day which is included in the Schedule to the Holidays Act (Cap. 126) or on any other day which is appointed under section 5 of that Act to be a public holiday.
(2)  Jewish prisoners shall not be compelled to work on Saturdays if they claim exemption and they may also keep such festival days as may be allowed by the Government.
(3)  All Muslim prisoners shall be allowed to observe the fast of Ramadan and during the fast may be required to labour at such reduced task as the medical officer considers proper.
Visits by police
104.—(1)  On production of an order from an Assistant Superintendent of Police or from a Magistrate, any police officer may, at any reasonable time, visit any prison for the following purposes:
(a)identifying offenders;
(b)photographing and taking particulars of prisoners who have been directed to be subject to the supervision of the police; and
(c)taking statements from prisoners considered necessary for any investigation under Chapter XIII of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cap. 68) or for any enquiry under the Banishment Act (Cap. 18).
(2)  Officers of the law with competent Warrants or Orders for serving writs or other legal process on persons within the prison shall be admitted into the prisons at any reasonable time for that purpose.
Health
Maintenance of prison
105.  The prison, and every room and part thereof, shall be kept clean and shall as often as may be necessary, be washed, or whitewashed with lime.
Clothing of prisoners
106.—(1)  The clothes of the prisoners and their bed-clothes shall be aired, changed and washed as often as the medical officer may direct.
(2)  The clothes of prisoners shall be changed weekly.
Exercise
107.  All prisoners not employed in the open air shall have such means of taking such exercise in the open air as the medical officer shall consider necessary for their health, but so that communication shall be prevented as far as the construction of the prison admits.
Infirmary
108.  A proper room, or infirmary shall be set apart for sick prisoners, the separation between males and female, juveniles and adults, being strictly maintained.
Vaccinations
109.  All prisoners may be vaccinated or re-vaccinated at the discretion of the medical officer.
Food
Meals
110.  Every prisoner must be provided with regular meals that are —
(a)in terms of nutritional value, adequate for the basic health of the prisoner, taking into account the prisoner’s daily energy requirements; and
(b)appropriate for the prisoner’s medical condition, in accordance with the directions of the medical officer.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
111.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
112.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
113.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Instruction and Recreation
Religious services
114.  Every facility consistent with security and discipline shall be afforded for the holding of religious services and for visits by ministers of religion.
Unauthorised publications
115.—(1)  No unauthorised books or papers shall be admitted into any prison but the Commissioner may issue standing orders governing the issue of books and papers to prisoners and, where possible, may direct instruction to be given to such prisoners as in his opinion are likely to benefit thereby.
[S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
(2)  The Commissioner may also authorise recreation for long sentence prisoners provided that security and discipline are duly maintained.
[S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
116.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
117.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
118.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
119.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
120.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
121.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
122.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
123.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
124.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
125.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
126.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
Letters and Visits
Letters and visits
127.—(1)  A prisoner has the privilege of sending and receiving letters every month, in accordance with the conditions specified in the Prison Standing Orders, for purposes of maintaining ties with the prisoner’s family and friends.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(2)  Subject to paragraph (3), a prisoner has the privilege of receiving visits by such individuals, at such frequency and on such conditions, as allowed or specified in the Prison Standing Orders.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(3)  The following prisoners may not receive a visit without the Superintendent’s permission:
(a)a prisoner detained under a banishment order under the Banishment Act (Cap. 18);
(b)a prisoner who is ordered to be removed from Singapore under the Immigration Act (Cap. 133) and detained pending removal.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(4)  The Superintendent may authorise any prisoner whose conduct and industry has been excellent, to receive visitors in a room provided for the purpose, and not within the normal visiting cubicles.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(5)  A prison officer shall supervise this visiting room.
(6)  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
(7)  So far as is practicable and is in the opinion of the Superintendent desirable, a prisoner shall be encouraged and assisted to maintain or establish such relations with persons or agencies outside the prison as may promote the best interests of the prisoner’s family or his social rehabilitation.
(8)  The Superintendent may at any time communicate to a prisoner or to his family or friends, any matter of importance to such prisoner.
(9)  A prisoner shall be allowed to write one letter to inform a relative or a friend of his transfer to another prison.
(10)  No other visits or communications shall be permitted except as hereafter specially provided, without the order in writing of the Minister or the Commissioner.
[S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]
Screening and recording of letters
127A.—(1)  Every letter sent by or to a prisoner may be opened and read by a prison officer.
(2)  A copy may be made of every letter sent by or to a prisoner.
(3)  A letter sent by or to a prisoner may be withheld if it contains anything that affects the security or good order of the prison.
(4)  Paragraphs (2) and (3) do not apply to letters written by a prisoner to the prisoner’s legal adviser and letters written by a prisoner’s legal adviser.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Access to counsel
127B.—(1)  A prisoner represented by a legal adviser may, for the purposes in paragraph (2) —
(a)be visited by the legal adviser at reasonable times during working days; and
(b)write letters to and receive letters from the legal adviser.
(2)  The purposes mentioned in paragraph (1) are as follows:
(a)preparing for criminal proceedings in which the prisoner is an accused person;
(b)such other purposes as the Superintendent may allow.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Prison officer present at visits
128.  The Chief Rehabilitation Officer or an officer detailed by him, shall be present during the whole or every such visit.
Particulars of visitors
129.—(1)  The Chief Rehabilitation Officer or officer detailed by him shall demand the name and address of every visitor to a prisoner and when he has any ground for suspicion he may search, or cause to be searched, male visitors and may direct the female officer to search female visitors, such search not to be made in the presence of any prisoner or of another visitor and with due regard to decency.
(2)  Where any visitor refuses to be searched, the Chief Rehabilitation Officer may deny him or her admission; the grounds of such proceeding, with the particulars thereof shall be entered in his Journal and reported to the Superintendent.
(3)  The Matron or other female officer shall be present during any visit paid to a female prisoner.
130.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Additional visits and letters
131.  The Superintendent may, in his discretion, permit additional visits or letters under circumstances which in his opinion warrant special consideration.
Forfeiture of letters and visits for misconduct
132.  The privilege of writing and receiving letters and of receiving visits may be postponed or forfeited at any time for misconduct at the discretion of the Superintendent.
Petition to President
133.—(1)  All prisoners may petition the President on the subject of their conviction or sentence once shortly after conviction if they wish, but not afterwards, unless —
(a)there are any special circumstances which the Superintendent may consider should be brought to the notice of the President; or
(b)such prisoner has been over one year in prison and not less than one year has elapsed since the date of his last petition.
(2)  All prisoners may petition the President on any other subject at any time, provided that no petition shall be permitted if a reply to a previous petition on the same subject is still outstanding.
Behaviour of Prisoners
Unauthorised communications
134.  No prisoner shall hold any sort of unauthorised communication with any person.
Permitted articles only
135.  No prisoner shall have in his possession any article not expressly allowed by these Regulations of the prison and received from or through the Chief Rehabilitation Officer.
No gambling
136.  No gaming shall be permitted in any prison and the Chief Rehabilitation Officer or other officer shall seize and destroy all dice, cards or other instruments of gaming.
Restraint of Refractory Prisoners
Use of restraints on prisoners
137.—(1)  A prison officer must not use a restraint on a prisoner unless authorised under this regulation.
(2)  A prison officer may use a restraint on a prisoner only if all the following conditions are met:
(a)the use of the restraint is necessary to prevent the prisoner from causing self‑injury, injuring others, or escaping;
(b)the restraint is of a type approved under the Prison Standing Orders;
(c)the restraint is used in a way approved under the Prison Standing Orders;
(d)the restraint is removed immediately once it is no longer necessary.
(3)  To avoid doubt, a prison officer may not use a restraint on a prisoner as punishment.
[S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
138.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
Corporal Punishment
Corporal punishment
139.—(1)  A rattan as may be specified by order of the punishing authority shall be used at all corporal punishments.
(2)  Punishment with the rattan shall be inflicted on the buttocks of the offender.
(3)  In the case of adults the rattan shall be not more than 1.25 centimetres in diameter, while in the case of juveniles a light rattan shall be used.
Confinement in cells
140.  Prisoners sentenced to confinement in cells for breaches of prison discipline shall —
(a)see no one, save the officers of the prison in the execution of their duty, a minister of religion and the medical officer; and
(b)only have such outdoor exercise as the latter certifies is absolutely necessary for health.
Maximum period
141.  Such confinement shall not exceed an aggregate of more than 90 days in a year for any one prisoner, and the execution of any 2 consecutive sentences shall be separated by a period not shorter than the longer of such sentences.
Medical examination of prisoners sentenced to punishment
142.—(1)  Every prisoner sentenced to punishment shall be sent to the medical officer for examination and a certificate that its infliction is not likely to produce any serious or permanent injury shall be obtained by the Chief Rehabilitation Officer before it is carried out.
(2)  In no case shall hard industrial labour be combined with punishment diet.
Special clothing and bedding
143.  Prisoners undergoing punishment shall be supplied with such clothing and bedding as may be certified as essential by the medical officer.
Prisoners to be given opportunity of defence before punishment
144.  No prisoner shall be punished until he has had an opportunity of hearing the charges and evidence against him and of making his defence.
Registration of offences and punishments
145.  The Chief Rehabilitation Officer shall enter or cause to be entered in the Punishment Book a record of every offence punished under the foregoing regulations, showing the date and nature of the offence and punishment, the names of the prisoner and of the authority dealing with the case and any directions given by the medical officer.
146.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
147.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
148.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
149.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
150.  [Deleted by S 533/2018 wef 01/09/2018]
151.  [Deleted by S 447/2014 wef 01/07/2014]