Road Traffic Act
(CHAPTER 276, Section 140)
Road Traffic (Bicycles) Rules
R 3
REVISED EDITION 1990
(25th March 1992)
[25th November 1955]
Citation
1.  These Rules may be cited as the Road Traffic (Bicycles) Rules.
Definitions
2.  In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires —
[Deleted by S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
“hours of darkness” means the time between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m. the following day, both times inclusive;
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
[Deleted by S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Towing not permitted
3.—(1)  A rider of a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road —
(a)must not tow another vehicle, with or without a person in or on that other vehicle; and
(b)must not be towed by another vehicle.
(2)  A rider of a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road must not hold onto another vehicle while the vehicle is moving on the road.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Restriction on number of persons carried
4.—(1)  No bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall be used to carry at one time more persons than the number for which it is designed.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(2)  Except as provided in paragraph (3), but subject to paragraph (4), no person shall be carried as a pillion passenger on a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle unless the bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle is designed such as to be provided with a seat for a pillion passenger.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(3)  A child below the age of 12 years may be carried on a properly constructed seat or carrier affixed to a bicycle, trishaw or tricycle.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(4)  No person below the age of 16 years shall be carried as a pillion passenger on a power-assisted bicycle.
[S 773/2004 wef 01/01/2005]
Riders to give signals
5.  The rider of a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall in order to inform traffic that he intends —
(a)to ‘stop’ — hold out his right arm horizontally with the forearm vertical and with the palm of the hand to the front;
(b)to ‘slow down’ — hold out his right arm horizontally with the palm of the hand downwards, and move the arm up and down several times;
(c)to ‘proceed to the right’ — hold out his right arm horizontally with the palm of the hand to the front; and
(d)to ‘proceed to the left’ — hold out his left arm horizontally with the palm of the hand to the front.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Signals to be made in sufficient time
6.  Signals under rule 5 shall be made in sufficient time to enable traffic to take appropriate action for the avoidance of danger.
Travelling abreast prohibited
7.—(1)  No bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall be ridden on the right of a motor vehicle proceeding in the same direction except when overtaking that motor vehicle.
[S 773/2004 wef 01/01/2005]
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(2)  Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), the rider of a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road with a single lane must not ride the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle (as the case may be) such that it remains abreast and to the right of another rider of a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle in that lane.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(3)  Paragraph (2) does not prevent the rider of a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle overtaking the rider of another bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(4)  The rider of a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road with 2 or more lanes for the use of vehicles travelling in the same direction may ride the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle (as the case may be) in one lane such that it remains abreast and to the right of another rider of a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle in that same lane and direction.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(5)  The rider of a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road with a bus lane must not ride the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle (as the case may be) such that it remains abreast and to the right of another rider of a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle in the bus lane during its hours of operation.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(6)  When a bicycle lane is provided on part of a road, no bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall be used on any other part of the roadway.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Bicycle, etc., to be ridden on left side of road
8.  A person who rides a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road must ride the bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle as near as practicable to the far left edge of the road.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Load limitations
9.—(1)  A person must not ride a bicycle or power-assisted bicycle on a road carrying a load that —
(a)is of such dimensions as to cause or be likely to cause danger, obstruction or annoyance to persons using the road; or
(b)is not properly and rigidly secured to the bicycle.
(2)  A person must not ride a tricycle on a road carrying a load that —
(a)is overhanging from the tricycle; or
(b)is of a height that is more than one metre from the ground.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Bicycle, etc., to be ridden in orderly manner
10.  No bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall be ridden or propelled otherwise than in an orderly manner and with due regard for the safety of others.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
No riding against flow of traffic
11.  A person must not ride a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road against the flow of traffic.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Lights on bicycle, etc.
11A.  A person must not ride a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road, during the hours of darkness unless the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle —
(a)displays a white light that is clearly visible for a reasonable distance from the front of the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle, as the case may be; and
(b)displays —
(i)a red light that is clearly visible for a reasonable distance from the rear of the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle; or
(ii)a red reflector that is clearly visible for a reasonable distance from the rear of the bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle when light is projected onto the reflector.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Restriction on nature of lights
12.—(1)  No bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall show a red light to the front.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(2)  No bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle shall show any light other than a red light to the rear.
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
Requirements for use of power-assisted bicycle
13.—(1)  No person shall keep or use a power-assisted bicycle on a road unless the power-assisted bicycle —
(a)complies with the requirements specified in the Schedule to the Road Traffic (Power-Assisted Bicycles — Approval) Rules 2004 (G.N. No. S 768/2004);
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(b)has been approved and sealed in accordance with those Rules; and
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(c)has been registered and bears a registration number plate in accordance with the Road Traffic (Registration of Power‑Assisted Bicycles) Rules 2017 (G.N. No. S 451/2017).
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
[S 273/2018 wef 05/05/2018]
(2)  No person below the age of 16 years shall ride a power-assisted bicycle on a road.
(3)  [Deleted by S 65/2019 wef 01/02/2019]
Wearing of helmets
14.  Every person who —
(a)rides a bicycle or a power-assisted bicycle on a road; or
(b)is carried as a pillion passenger on a bicycle or a power-assisted bicycle on a road,
must wear securely on his head a suitable protective bicycle helmet.
[S 65/2019 wef 01/02/2019]