Supreme Court of Judicature Act
(Chapter 322, Section 80)
Rules of Court
R 5
G.N. No. S 71/1996

REVISED EDITION 2014
(21st March 2014)
[1st April 1996]
ORDER 1
Citation, application, definitions and forms
Citation (O. 1, r. 1)
1.  These Rules may be cited as the Rules of Court.
Repeal, transitional provisions and application (O. 1, r. 2)
2.—(1)  Subject to this Rule, these Rules shall have effect in relation to all proceedings in the Supreme Court, the Family Justice Courts and the State Courts, in so far as the matters to which these Rules relate are within the jurisdiction of those Courts and, unless the Court otherwise orders, apply to any pending proceedings therein.
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
(2)  These Rules shall not apply to proceedings of the kind specified in the first column of the following Table (being proceedings in respect of which rules may be made under the written law specified in the second column of that Table), except for the provisions specified in the third column of that Table:
Proceedings
Written Law
Applicable Provisions
1.Bankruptcy proceedings.
Bankruptcy Act (Cap. 20), s.166.
Order 63A and items 54 to 59 and 63 of Appendix B.
2.Proceedings relating to the winding up of companies.
Companies Act (Cap. 50), s.410.
(a)Order 63A and items 54 to 59 and 63 of Appendix B; and
(b)Order 88, Rule 2(5).
3.Proceedings under Part IV of the Parliamentary Elections Act (Cap. 218).
Parliamentary Elections Act, s.100.
Order 63A and items 54 to 59 and 63 of Appendix B.
4.Proceedings under Part X of the Women’s Charter (Cap. 353).
Women’s Charter, s.139.
Orders 55B, 55C, 55D, 57 and 63A and items 27 to 42, 54 to 60, 62 and 63 of Appendix B.
5.Criminal proceedings.
Criminal Procedure Code (Cap. 68).
 
6.Proceedings relating to the winding up of limited liability partnerships.
Limited Liability Partnerships Act (Cap. 163A), s.57.
(a)Order 63A and items 54 to 59 and 63 of Appendix B; and
(b)Order 96, Rule 3(2).
(3)  In the case of the proceedings mentioned in paragraph (2), nothing in that paragraph shall be taken as affecting any provision of any rules (whether made under the Act or any other written law) by virtue of which these Rules or any provisions thereof are applied in relation to any of those proceedings.
Application of Interpretation Act (O. 1, r. 3)
3.  The Interpretation Act (Cap. 1) shall apply for the interpretation of these Rules as it applies for the interpretation of an Act of Parliament.
Definitions (O. 1, r. 4)
4.—(1)  In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, namely:
“attend” includes the appearance by any person using electronic, mechanical or other means permitted by the Court;
“bailiff” includes the registrar, any clerk or other officer of the Court charged with the duties of a bailiff in the State Courts;
“Civil Procedure Convention” means the conventions set out in Appendix C to these Rules and includes any convention, treaty or agreement of any description or any provision thereof between different States relating to civil procedure in the court;
“Family Court proceedings” means —
(a)before 1 October 2014, any proceedings which were heard by a District Judge, or by the Registrar of the State Courts, sitting in the Family and Juvenile Justice Division of the State Courts, and any such proceedings which were transferred to the High Court; or
(b)on or after 1 October 2014 —
(i)any proceedings in a Family Court (whether heard by a judge of the Family Court or by the Registrar of the Family Justice Courts), and any such proceedings which are transferred to the Family Division of the High Court; and
(ii)any transferred proceedings referred to in paragraph (a) which are pending in the High Court on or after 1 October 2014;
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
“folio” means 100 words, each figure being counted as one word;
“Form” means a form set out in Appendix A to these Rules, and a form so numbered in the Appendix;
“Judge” means a judge of the High Court, a judge of a Family Court or a District Judge and includes, in cases where he is empowered to act, a Magistrate or the Registrar, as the case may require;
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
“officer” means an officer of the Supreme Court, the Family Justice Courts or the State Courts;
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
“originating process” means a writ of summons or an originating summons;
“originating summons” means every summons for the commencement of proceedings other than a writ of summons;
“pleading” does not include an originating summons, a summons or a preliminary act;
“receiver” includes a manager or consignee;
“Registry” means the Registry of the Supreme Court, the Registry of the Family Justice Courts or the Registry of the State Courts, as the case may be, and references to the Registrar shall be construed accordingly;
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
“scheduled territories” has the meaning assigned to it by the Exchange Control Act (Cap. 99);
“Sheriff” includes a bailiff of the Family Justice Courts and a bailiff of the State Courts;
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
“sign”, in relation to the signing of documents by a Judge, Registrar or other officer of the Supreme Court, the Family Justice Courts or the State Courts, includes the affixing of a facsimile signature of the Judge, Registrar or other officer, as the case may be;
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
“solicitor” has the same meaning as in the Legal Profession Act (Cap. 161) and includes the Attorney-General where he is a party to or appears on behalf of the Government in any proceedings;
“summons” means every summons in a pending cause or matter;
“working day” means any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday;
“writ” means a writ of summons.
(2)  In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires, “Court” means the High Court, a Family Court or a District Court, or a judge of the High Court, judge of the Family Court or District Judge, whether sitting in Court or in Chambers, and includes, in cases where he is empowered to act, a Magistrate or the Registrar; but the foregoing provision shall not be taken as affecting any provision of these Rules and, in particular, Order 32, Rule 9, by virtue of which the authority and jurisdiction of the Registrar is defined and regulated.
[S 671/2014 wef 01/10/2014]
(3)  For the purposes of these Rules, a person who has attained the age of 18 years but who is below the age of 21 years, and who is not otherwise under any legal disability, shall not be considered to be a minor or a person under disability in relation to any legal proceeding or action which, by virtue of section 36 of the Civil Law Act (Cap. 43), he may, in his own name and without a litigation representative3, bring, defend, conduct or intervene in as if he were of full age.
Construction of references to Orders, Rules, etc. (O. 1, r. 5)
5.