REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
GOVERNMENT GAZETTE
ACTS SUPPLEMENT
Published by Authority

NO. 5]Friday, February 17 [2017

The following Act was passed by Parliament on 10 January 2017 and assented to by the President on 3 February 2017:—
Active Mobility Act 2017

(No. 3 of 2017)


I assent.

TONY TAN KENG YAM,
President.
3 February 2017.
Date of Commencement: 20 June 2017 Sections 68(a), (b) and (c), 70(1)(d) and 71(a), (b), (c) and (e)
Date of Commencement: 14 August 2017 Section 70(1)(a) and (c)
Date of Commencement: 15 January 2018 Section 70(1)(b) and (2)
Date of Commencement: 30 April 2018 Section 69(1), (2) and (4)
Date of Commencement: 1 May 2018 Sections 2 to 67, 68(d) to (h), 70(3), 71(d) and (f) and 72
An Act for the establishment of public paths for walking, cycling or other similar purposes, to regulate the use of these public paths, and to make consequential and related amendments to certain other Acts.
Be it enacted by the President with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:
PART 1
PRELIMINARY
Short title and commencement
1.  This Act is the Active Mobility Act 2017 and comes into operation on a date that the Minister appoints by notification in the Gazette.
Interpretation
2.—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“accessories” means additional parts, or fittings, for the purpose of enhancing the comfort, appearance or performance of a personal mobility device, including sound and internet devices and navigation devices, but not including parts or fittings prescribed for the purposes of this definition;
“authorised officer”, for any provision of this Act, means an individual who is appointed under section 38 as an authorised officer for the purposes of that provision;
“Authority” means the Land Transport Authority of Singapore constituted under the Land Transport Authority of Singapore Act (Cap. 158A);
“bicycle” means a vehicle that —
(a)has 2 wheels held one behind the other in a frame;
(b)is steered by handlebars attached to the front wheel;
(c)has pedals; and
(d)is built to be propelled solely by human power;
“code of conduct” means a code of conduct issued or approved by the Minister under section 24, and includes any such code of conduct as amended from time to time under that section;
“cycling” does not include the use of a motor cycle or power‑assisted bicycle;
“director” has the same meaning as in section 4(1) of the Companies Act (Cap. 50);
“driver” means a driver of a vehicle and includes a rider, but does not include an individual who is walking and pushing a motorised wheelchair;
“driving” includes a reference to riding;
“end‑of pedestrian‑only path marking” means a marking drawn or painted on a pedestrian‑only path, consisting of the prescribed symbol or words denoting the end of the pedestrian‑only path;
“end‑of pedestrian‑only path sign” means a sign showing the prescribed symbol or words denoting the end of the pedestrian‑only path;
“end‑of shared path marking” means a marking drawn or painted on a shared path, consisting of the prescribed symbol or words denoting the end of the shared path;
“end‑of shared path sign” means a sign showing the prescribed symbol or words denoting the end of the shared path;
“footpath” means a length of path (whether or not contiguous with another path or a road) provided for pedestrians to use, or individuals to ride a bicycle or personal mobility device on, and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a)a pedestrian‑only path sign or pedestrian‑only path marking;
(b)a shared path sign or shared path marking;
(c)a road;
(d)the natural end of the path (which may be a dead end);
“holding yard” means a place used under section 52 for the storage of vehicles moved to, surrendered at, detained, seized or forfeited under Division 2 of Part 5;
“identification card”, in relation to an authorised officer, a public path warden or a volunteer public path warden, means an identification card issued under section 42 to the authorised officer, public path warden or volunteer public path warden, as the case may be;
“land” includes any permanent buildings on, under or over the land;
“limited liability partnership” has the same meaning given to it by the Limited Liability Partnerships Act (Cap. 163A);
“mechanised sweeper” means a motor vehicle that —
(a)is designed or adapted for the purpose of sweeping or cleansing paths, the collection or disposal of refuse on paths or of the contents of gullies on paths; and
(b)is incapable by reason of its construction of reaching a prescribed speed on the level under its own power;
“mobility scooter” means a vehicle that —
(a)has 3 or more wheels and a footboard supported by the wheels;
(b)is steered by handlebars;
(c)has a seat;
(d)is designed to carry an individual who is unable to walk or has difficulty in walking; and
(e)is propelled by a motor that forms part of the vehicle;
“motorised wheelchair” means a wheelchair that —
(a)is designed to carry an individual who is unable to walk or has difficulty in walking; and
(b)is propelled by a motor that forms part of the wheelchair;
“non‑compliant bicycle” means a bicycle the construction, weight or accessories of which do not comply with the requirements as to construction, weight and accessories prescribed under the Road Traffic Act (Cap. 276) either for all bicycles generally or for the particular type of that bicycle;
“non‑compliant personal mobility device” means a personal mobility device the construction, weight or accessories of which do not comply with the requirements as to construction, weight and accessories prescribed either for all personal mobility devices generally or for the particular type of that personal mobility device;
“non‑compliant power‑assisted bicycle” means a power‑assisted bicycle the construction, weight or accessories of which do not comply with the requirements as to construction, weight and accessories prescribed under the Road Traffic Act either for all power‑assisted bicycles generally or for the particular type of that power‑assisted bicycle;
“notice” does not include giving notice orally;
“path” does not include the following, whether or not contiguous with another path or a road:
(a)an unformed or unsurfaced path;
(b)a green verge or other area provided for the growing of grass, trees or other vegetation;
“pedestrian” means —
(a)an individual walking, with or without animals;
(b)an individual in a non‑motorised wheelchair;
(c)an individual driving a motorised wheelchair or riding a mobility scooter;
(d)an individual travelling on inline skates, roller‑skates or a wheeled toy;
(e)an individual pushing a pram, stroller or trolley, or a motorised or non‑motorised wheelchair; or
(f)an individual walking beside and pushing any other vehicle;
“pedestrian‑only path” means a length of path (whether or not contiguous with another path or a road) —
(a)provided solely for pedestrians to use; and
(b)starting at a pedestrian‑only path marking or a pedestrian‑only path sign, and ending at the nearest of the following:
(i)an end‑of pedestrian‑only path marking or an end‑of pedestrian‑only path sign;
(ii)a shared path sign or a shared path marking;
(iii)a road;
(iv)the natural end of the path (which may be a dead end);
“pedestrian‑only path marking” means a marking drawn, etched or painted on a path —
(a)consisting of —
(i)a prescribed symbol or prescribed words or both; and
(ii)if the marking has a limited operation, words or figures specifying details of the operation of the marking; and
(b)drawn, etched or painted so as to face an approaching pedestrian;
“pedestrian‑only path sign” means a sign —
(a)showing —
(i)a prescribed symbol or prescribed words or both; and
(ii)if the sign has a limited operation, words or figures specifying details of the operation of the sign; and
(b)erected so as to face an approaching pedestrian;
“personal mobility device” or “PMD” means a wheeled vehicle that —
(a)is built to transport people only (with or without carry‑on baggage); and
(b)is propelled by an electric motor attached to the vehicle or by human power or both,
and includes a skateboard, but does not include a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle, motor car, wheelchair (motorised or otherwise), mobility scooter, pram, stroller or trolley, inline skates, roller‑skates or a wheeled toy, and such other vehicle as the Minister may, by order in the Gazette, exclude from this definition;
“power‑assisted bicycle” or “PAB” means a bicycle that —
(a)is equipped with an electric motor; and
(b)may be propelled by human power or by the electric motor with which it is equipped, or by both;
“premises” means a building or structure (whether permanent or temporary) or part of a building or structure;
“proprietor”  —
(a)in relation to any land that is leased or is subject to a tenancy or licence to occupy, includes the owner of the land who is the lessor or grantor of the licence to occupy;
(b)in relation to land that is common property not comprised in a strata title plan, means the person receiving any rent or charge for the maintenance of that common property or limited common property; and
(c)in relation to land that is common property or limited common property comprised in a strata title plan, means the management corporation or subsidiary management corporation, as the case may be, having control of the common property or limited common property;
“public authority” means a body established or constituted by or under a public Act to perform or discharge a public function, and includes a Town Council;
“public path” means a path declared under section 6 as a public path;
“public path warden” means an individual who is appointed under section 39 as a public path warden, and includes any authorised officer;
“regulations” means regulations made under this Act;
“repair” includes examine, detect faults in, adjust, carry out maintenance on, overhaul, replace, alter and paint;
“repeat offender”, in relation to any offence under this Act, means an individual who —
(a)is convicted, or found guilty, of such an offence (called the current offence); and
(b)has been convicted or found guilty of the same offence on at least one other earlier occasion within the period of 5 years immediately before the date on which he or she is convicted or found guilty of the current offence;
“residential address”, for an individual, means the individual’s usual or last known place of residence in Singapore;
“ride”, in relation to a bicycle, PAB or personal mobility device, means to travel in or on the bicycle, PAB or personal mobility device;
“rider” means an individual who is riding a bicycle, PAB or personal mobility device, but does not include an individual walking beside and pushing any of these vehicles;
“road” has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic Act;
“sell” means doing any of the following in Singapore:
(a)sell (including re‑sell) by any method for valuable consideration;
(b)let for hire or hire‑purchase;
(c)supply in exchange for valuable consideration or as a prize or reward in lottery or other game of chance;
“shared path” means a length of path provided for use by both riders and pedestrians, starting at a shared path sign or shared path marking, and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a)an end‑of shared path sign or an end‑of shared path marking;
(b)a pedestrian‑only path sign or a pedestrian‑only path marking;
(c)a road;
(d)the natural end of the path (which may be a dead end);
“shared path marking” means a marking drawn, etched or painted on a path —
(a)consisting of —
(i)a prescribed symbol or prescribed words or both; and
(ii)if the marking has a limited operation, words or figures specifying details of the operation of the marking; and
(b)drawn, etched or painted so as to face an approaching pedestrian or rider;
“shared path sign” means a sign —
(a)showing —
(i)a prescribed symbol or prescribed words or both; and
(ii)if the sign has a limited operation, words or figures specifying details of the operation of the sign; and
(b)erected so as to face an approaching pedestrian or rider;
“sidewalk” means a path adjacent to the carriageway of a road that is set aside —
(a)solely for pedestrians to use; or
(b)for the public to walk, or ride a bicycle or personal mobility device, on or do any combination of those activities on it;
“Town Council”, for a Town, means a Town Council established under the Town Councils Act (Cap. 329A) for a Town within the meaning of that Act;
“vehicle” means any means of conveyance that runs on wheels, other than a train;
“volunteer public path warden” means an individual who is appointed a volunteer public path warden under section 40;
“wheelchair” means a chair mounted on 2 or more wheels that is built to transport a person who is unable to walk or has difficulty in walking, but does not include a pram, stroller or trolley;
“wheeled toy” means a child’s pedal car, scooter or tricycle or a similar toy, but only when it is being used only by a child who is below 12 years of age.
(2)  Where a pedestrian‑only path, footpath or shared path passes over a bridge or through a tunnel, that bridge or tunnel is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to be a pedestrian‑only path, footpath or shared path, as the case may be.
(3)  For the purposes of this Act, any notice or other document that is required by or under this Act to be sent or given to the Authority or an authorised officer is taken to be sent or given only when it is actually received by the Authority or the authorised officer, as the case may be.
(4)  A reference in this Act to an individual performing duties in the Authority is a reference to —
(a)an employee of the Authority; or
(b)a public officer performing duties in the Authority under a secondment arrangement making available temporarily to the Authority the services of public officers.
Purposes of Act
3.  The purposes of this Act are —
(a)to enhance connectivity by supporting development that promotes walking and cycling and patronage of public transport;
(b)to maintain and promote the safety of public path users through appropriate enforcement and education strategies;
(c)to reduce potential conflicts between the motorised and non‑motorised uses of public paths while ensuring that public paths accommodate the largest range of possible users safely; and
(d)to ensure that uses of public paths are compatible with the areas surrounding it.
Act binds Government
4.—(1)  This Act binds the Government, and applies to and in relation to —
(a)any bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle or personal mobility device belonging to the Government; and
(b)any public officer, public path warden or volunteer public path warden riding or otherwise using a bicycle, power‑assisted bicycle or personal mobility device.
(2)  However, nothing in this Act —
(a)renders the Government liable to prosecution for an offence under this Act; or
(b)prevents any public officer, public path warden or volunteer public path warden from exercising his or her powers or carrying out his or her duties under this Act or any other written law.
(3)  To avoid doubt, no person is immune from prosecution for any offence under this Act by reason only that the person is engaged to provide services to the Government.